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LESSON PLAN

HLTHSE204D Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Course Objectives:

This unit is concerned with the workers ability to carry out their work in a safe manner within the health care environment.

At the completion of this unit the participant will be able to:

1:Define Manual Handling.

2:State some of the potential injuries, created by poor Manual Handling.

3:State some of the causes of manual handling injuries.

4:Plan relocation of items / goods

5:Identify OHS hazards in the workplace

6:Demonstrate correct lifting techniques

7:Demonstrate workplace procedures to minimise risk of injury

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Manual Handling

Introduction: Introduce self and APL.

 

Introduce the course and the objectives.

 

PPTs 1, 2

 

 

Outline Manual Handling

 

Ask Class:

“What is Manual Handling”?

 

 

Ask for examples in their

 

 

workplace.

 

PPTs 3, 4: Definition of Manual

 

 

Handling

 

Ask Class: “What duties in the work place

 

 

could cause a manual handling

 

 

injury?”

 

PPT 5:

No.1 Occ Health problem

 

PPT 6:

Always care for your Back

 

 

 

 Any form of exertion that requires, pushing, pulling, lifting, and holding. With or without out the aid of machinery.

Manual Handling injury is No 1 Occ. Health problem in Australian workplaces.

General sprains/strains 35% of all claims. Back sprains - largest single group.

Back pain - greatest cause of lost time. Back care - main emphasis on prevention. 1/4 of back injuries - not work related.

If > 30 there is a 1/3rd chance of becoming a back injury statistic.

Expensive & difficult to treat. Main cause of early disability.

Majority muscular/ligament injuries.

Main problem of heavy work is wear & tear on discs.

Over years the spine is subjected to great pressures.

EMPHASISE That an injury at work not only effects life at work but life at home also.

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Manual Handling:

Demonstrate simple lifting process

LIFTING TECHNIQUE

PPT 7: Lifting Techniques

PPT 8: ‘The Spine is NOT a Crane’

Explain & demonstrate correct posture in a sitting position and how we are ALL guilty of slouching in chairs & cars etc.

Handout: Lifting Techniques:

Explain & demonstrate each section Hands, feet, etc

DON’T lift if you think the load is too heavy. They are not Mr or Mrs Universe.

Protective Equipment

(PPE) Ask: What kind of protective gear is available? In which instances would you require these? What kind of protective gear do you wear to assist in Manual Handling in your workplace? (if any)

Demonstration: Lift a box off a table, Turn not twisting your back or knees.

When you lift the box hold it as close as possible to the body. The further it is held away from the body the more it weighs.

Objects become 10 times heavier e.g. Lifting a 5 kilogram object will become like lifting a 50 kilogram object.

Bending from the waist adds extra strain to the base of your spine.

i.e.:

Heat retardant.

 

Thermal.

 

Mesh Gloves

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Manual Handling Mention to class That workers & safety reps must have first hand knowledge of work place practices.

Show Video:

‘Dealing with Manual Handling’

Handout: Manual Handling worksheet.

Once completed discuss with the class.

SUMMARISE

FINISH

Ie.: Can the work practice be eliminated or changed? Don’t be afraid to consult with safety reps, supervisors, managers etc. about any ideas to reduce Manual Handling. They are usually open to suggestions, (Of a constructive nature).

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

SESSION APPROPRIATE TECHNIQUES WHEN MOVING PEOPLE

Handout:

Know how to prevent fall Accidents

 

Reducing the risk of back strain

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Session: Appropriate Techniques for moving People

AIM:

The aim of this session is to make the student familiar with the correct

 

techniques when they have to move people.

 

At the end of this session, the participant will be able to:

-Assess the working environment to ensure it is safe to complete the task

-Consult and follow the care plan

-Assess the client.

-Plan the move

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Assess the work environment

Staff level of fitness

The needs of the individual need to be considered

Plan the move

PPT 9: Appropriate techniques when moving people

Discuss the following:

Why do we need to assess the work environment?

Do staff require a certain level of fitness?

Why do we need to explain to the client what is going to happen.

Is it important to have a plan when it comes to moving the client

Who is in charge?

Perform the move as planned.

The work environment needs to be assessed so that it is safe to carry out the task

Staff require a good level of fitness so that they can carry out the tasks they have been given.

By having a good level of fitness there is less chance that the staff member will injure themselves or the client when carrying out their tasks

By explaining to the client what is about to happen is going to make the move a lot less stressful for the client as they may be uncertain and uncomfortable.

By having a plan we will be able to move the client without injury to them or other staff members.

The team leader is in charge.

Practice before you start the move so everybody knows their job.

Keep back straight Move feet

Use body weight to assist move

Encourage the client to assist where possible- e.g. “Please move your leg this way”.

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Evaluate the move

Do we need to evaluate the move and who

 

needs to be involved

PPT 10: Moving clients – some types of equip

Equipment to assist the

moving/lifting of clients What types of equipment do we have in the work place that can assist us with the movement of clients

Is it a requirement that you have received training in how to use the equipment in your work place

Training and volunteers A volunteer may not have received any manual handling training.

What information do we need to pass on to them?

Group work -

In small groups take a few minutes to write down the typical information passed on.

Keep the movement’s smooth e.g. all movement should be carried out on the count of 3

Yes we need to evaluate the move all personnel involved in the move should be involved e.g. other staff members, the client.

Hoists, electric beds, sheets, belt boards wheelchairs

Yes

Some of the things volunteers need to consider: Never lift clients

Ask staff for help if unable to move client, eg. from wheelchair or bed.

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

 

 

 

Activity

Handout: “Reduce the risk of back injury.”

 

 

Give the class the handout and get them to

 

 

answer the following questions

 

 

What is the most common work activity you

 

 

would undertake?

 

 

Are there any manual handing issues that you

 

 

need to be aware of to carry out your job?

 

 

Are there any questions?

 

 

15 MINS BREAK.

 

 

 

 

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

SESSION: PPE FOR COMMUNITY SERVICES AND HEALTH

AIMS: At the end of this session the participant will be able to:

-State what PPE is

-State where gloves and gowns need to be worn

-Demonstrate how to apply and remove a gown

-State when eye wear needs to be worn

-State when masks need to be worn

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Personal protective

PPT 11: What is PPE

equipment

 

 

What are the two things to consider in

 

regards to PPE

 

GLOVES

Types of PPE

 

 

When do gloves need to be worn?

 

The type of gloves depends on what task

 

you are doing

GLOVES NEED TO BE CHANGED BETWEEN

TASKS AND CLIENTS

IMPORTANT: GLOVES DO NOT REMOVE

THE NEED FOR HAND WASHING BEFORE

AND AFTER SIGNIFICANT CONTACT

PPE protects the staff member’s hands, eyes, airway, hair, feet and clothing as appropriate, from contamination during patient care procedures

PPE only protects the wearer

The specified level of projection in reality may not be achieved with PPE.

Direct contact with body substances or mucous membranes

Performing invasive procedures

Sterile gloves to be worn when doing a procedure that involves contact in sterile areas

Non-sterile gloves should be used for all procedures that may bring you in contact with client’s body substances or equipment that has been in contact with these substances.

Gloves should be disposed off immediately after use in the correct biohazard container.

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

PPE

GOWNS AND APRONS

 

When are gowns and aprons worn?

How to apply gowns

How to remove gowns

REMEMBER you must remove your gown when you are leaving the room you are in.

DON’T WANDER AROUND FACILITY IN CONTAMINATED PPE

Gowns and aprons are worn when working with clients where the is the chance that a staff member’s clothing may become contaminated with blood or body fluids

To reduce the risk of infection transmission.

Sterile gowns are only worn when performing a surgical procedure or the procedure requires a high level of asepsis.

Aprons can be worn under gowns where there is a chance of contamination from large amounts of blood or body fluids.

To put on gown:

1.Wash and dry hands

2.Pick up the gown and hold it out to allow it to unfold.

3.Slip your arms into the sleeves.

4.if you need adjust any part of the grown handle the inside of the gown only

5.Tie neck tapes then back tapes

To remove gown:

1.Untie the waist and neck tie

2.Let the gown fall from shoulders

3.Slip the gown off turning it inside out as you remove it.

4.Remove your hands from the sleeves ensuring you don’t touch the outside of the gown.

5.Place in soiled linen container of bio-hazard bin

6.Wash and dry hands

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

PPE

Students apply and remove gowns

 

 

EYEWEAR

 

 

When should eyewear be worn?

Eyewear should be worn in situations where you may

 

 

encounter sprays or splashes of blood or body fluids

 

 

It is important that you wear eyewear when cleaning

 

 

up blood or other body substances

 

Can you name some types of eyewear?

Glasses

 

 

Goggles

 

 

Face shields

 

 

All eyewear should be close fitting and have

 

 

protection on the sides.

 

MASKS

 

 

Why are masks worn?

Masks are worn to protect the mucous membranes

 

 

of the mouth and nose from sprays or splashes of

 

 

blood or body fluids e.g. disposing of body fluids

 

 

from vessels

 

 

When you maybe exposed to air-borne infectious

 

MASKS

diseases.

 

Must be changed when they become moist.

 

 

Must cover nose and mouth to be effective.

 

 

Should be disposed into general waste

 

 

unless otherwise specified

 

 

Must not worn be worn around neck from

 

 

client to client.

 

 

 

 

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

PPE

HAIR PROTECTION OR COVERING

 

 

A hair cover should be used:

.

 

In all situations where a sterile field is required.

 

 

When handling food in the workplace.

 

 

Your own work area may have policies about how hair can

 

 

be worn and the use of nets or caps

 

 

OVERSHOES OR SAFETY FOOTWEAR

 

 

Footwear should be enclosed and protective against injury

 

 

or contact with objects and fluids that may be dropped on

 

 

the feet.

 

 

Overshoes may be required if you are working in special

 

 

sterile areas.

 

 

Ensure that you are familiar with the organisational

 

 

requirements to comply with OH&S legislation.

 

 

HEARING PROTECTION

 

 

Your hearing protection must be suitable for your

 

 

workplace and must meet Australian Standards.

 

 

What types of ear protection are there?

Earplugs

 

 

Earmuffs

 

Question time.

 

 

Theory Assessments 1,2, and 3

 

30 mins LUNCH

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Session: HAZARDS IN COMMUNITY SERVICES AND HEALTH

AIM: The aim of this session is to provide participants with a broad range of knowledge on hazards in community services and health industries

At the end of this session the participant will be able to:

-State what a hazard is

-State what a risk is

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Hazards

What is a hazard?

Management

 

 

PPT 12: Hazards in community services

 

and health

PPT 13: Two main types of hazards in healthcare

In your groups can you name some of the health and safety hazards?

Anything that has the potential to cause a person physical, emotional or psychological harm.

A three stage process involving hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control.

Hazard management systems deal with hazardous situations which could include blood and bodily fluid spills.

It may also address infection control and hygiene. Protocols for spills management should be included in procedural manuals.

In hazardous situations where there is a risk of contact with blood or bodily fluids, PPE must be worn.

HEALTH & SAFETY

Workplace violence

Chemicals

Heat/cold

Increased workload

Repetitive tasks

Slippery floors

Faulty electrical plugs

Poorly maintained equipment

Manual handling

Fire

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Hazards

What are control measures?

PPT 14: Group exercise: control measures

Class task:

With your list of hazards:

Define the hazard

Identify the danger

Risk Assessment Find control measures.

What is risk

Once a hazard has been identified a risk assessment must be done.

The likelihood of harm can be categorised from very likely to very unlikely.

Next we have the consequences which range from catastrophic to negligible.

These are measures that we can take to deal with the hazard.eg.

Wet floor is the hazard Slipping over is the danger

Mopping floor dry is the control measure

Risk is the likelihood that harm will occur from exposure to the hazard.

Very likely exposure could happen frequently (daily- weekly)

Likely exposure could happen but not frequently (weekly- monthly)

Unlikely exposure could happen but rarely (monthly- yearly)

Very unlikely could happen but probably never will (yearly- two yearly)

Consequences

Catastrophic may cause death or total loss of one or more bodily functions (loss of arm or leg)

Four or more months off work.

Critical may cause severe injury, permanent or partial loss of one or more bodily functions, hearing loss, severe illness, major property damage.

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

 

 

 

Hazards

Risk

Major hazards may cause a reportable incident i.e. an

 

 

incident that could result in an employee unable to

 

 

work for five or more days or significant property

 

 

damage.

 

 

Negligible hazard that has little effect on employee’s

 

 

safety or health. First aid treatment only

 

 

Less than 30 mins off work.

 

Class task:

E.g. if you think a hazard is likely with a major

 

Combine the probability and the

consequence the risk rating is 3

 

consequences together in a matrix.

 

 

The trainer could provide a few examples of

if you believe the hazard is very likely with a critical

 

risks that could be classified using the

consequence the risk rating is 1

 

matrix.

 

 

 

You can now prioritise each risk and determine a time

 

PPT 15: Risk Matrix Example

frame for action

 

 

1 Urgent: hazard to be controlled in 24 hrs

 

 

2 High: hazard to be controlled within a week

 

 

3 Medium: hazard to be controlled within a month

 

Risk rating priority

4 Low: hazard to be controlled within four months

 

 

5 None: hazard to reassessed within six months or if

 

 

the work environment, work task or plant changes

 

 

 

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

 

 

 

Hazards

 

Every workplace should have a clearly defined hazard

 

PPT 16: Hazard reports

reporting system.

 

 

It should be set down in writing and available to all

 

 

staff.

 

 

To identify hazards as soon as they are found or

 

What is the purpose of a report system?

noticed

 

 

These hazards can then be controlled

 

 

Informal or verbal report to supervisors

 

The system for reporting may include:

Informal written reports

 

 

Completion of specially designed forms for hazard

 

 

reports

 

 

Reporting to elected health and safety representative

 

 

Reporting to health and safety committee.

 

 

What happened, when and where?

 

PPT 17: What should be included on the

How the accident happened.

 

report?

The type of injury or illness.

 

 

The part of the body affected.

 

 

Report the injury to your employer as soon as possible,

 

 

within 24 hrs

 

What do you do if you are injured at work?

Seek proper treatment for the injury.

 

 

Provide employer with medical certificate.

 

Question time

 

 

Assessment task 4

 

 

 

 

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Session: Designing a safe work place

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Workplace Design

 

The layout of a workplace determines the space

 

PPT 18: Designing a safe workplace

available for movement.

 

 

Workplace design influences the way people go

 

 

about their work e.g. if there is not enough storage

 

 

space people feel cramped. They may be tense or

 

 

have poor posture.

 

 

A good storage area for stock.

 

A good work place design will include:

Easy access to the stock.

 

 

Clear walkways

 

 

A good work environment

 

 

A correct working height: work area should be level

 

 

with your elbows either in a standing or seated

 

 

position.

 

 

Safe effective and efficient work areas.

 

 

Your employer has an obligation to ensure that the

 

 

workplace is safe and healthy

 

 

Approved workplace requirements:

 

 

Employers and employees are obligated to deliver a

 

 

standard of care.

 

 

Work practices should be documented and

 

 

promoted.

 

 

Avoiding cross-infection in a health workplace

 

 

requires that there are separate clean and dirty

 

 

areas

 

 

These areas need to be clearly identified so cross-

 

 

contamination doesn’t occur.

 

 

 

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

Workplace Design

A good workplace design will include:

Floor maintenance

 

 

Flooring should in good repair and easy to clean.

 

 

In certain areas they need to be seamless to stop

 

 

cross- infection.

 

 

Work surfaces should be smooth, level and clear of

 

 

clutter to enable safe and efficient use.

 

 

Ventilation and air-conditioning.

 

 

Ventilations systems have to be designed so that

 

 

they don’t recirculate contaminated air.

 

 

Ventilation should allow for inflow of fresh air.

 

 

Air-conditioning and cooling towers should comply

 

 

with federal and state guidelines.

 

 

Air conditioners must be regularly maintained and

 

 

cleaned.

 

Any questions

 

 

Assessment task 5

 

 

15 Mins Break

 

 

 

 

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Lesson Plan: Follow Safe Manual Handling Practices

PPT 19: Review and Discussion

30 Mins

Practical Assessment Activities 1Hour

Course Completed

PPT 20: Thank you

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