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INDIAN RAILWAYS

ANNUAL REPORT & ACCOUNTS 2010-11

(With Highlights of the Performance for 2011-12)

BHARAT SARKAR

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA RAIL MANTRALAYA MINISTRY OF RAILWAYS (RAILWAY BOARD)

Contents

Organisation Structure

2

Apex Management

3

Review–Prospects

5

Finance

8

Freight Operation

14

Passenger Business

19

Planning

25

Engineering

27

Electrification

33

Signal and Telecom

35

Safety

38

Rolling Stock

44

Materials Management

50

Research and Development

52

Managing the Environment

56

Personnel

58

Welfare, Development and

 

Empowerment of Women

67

Facilities to Persons with

 

Disabilities

68

Security

70

Vigilance

72

Promoting Hindi

74

North Eastern Region

76

Railway Engineers Regiments

 

(Territorial Army)

81

Public Relations

82

Undertakings and other

 

Organisations

84

Advisory Boards

98

Important Events

99

Glossary

101

Summary of Audit Observations

 

provided by C & AG and ATNs

104

Financial Statements and

 

Operating Statistics

113

2

Apex Management

 

Minister of Railways

Dinesh Trivedi

 

Ministers of State for Railways

K. H. Muniyappa

 

Members, Railway Board

Bharatsinh Solanki

 

 

 

Chairman

Vinay Mittal

 

Financial Commissioner

Smt. Vijaya Kanth

 

Member Electrical

Kul Bhushan

 

Member Engineering

A. P. Mishra

 

Member Mechanical

Sanjiv Handa

 

Member Staff

A. K. Vohra

 

Member Traffic

K. K. Srivastava

 

Secretary

V. K. Gupta

 

Director-General

 

 

Railway Health Services

Dr. V. K. Ramteke

 

Railway Protection Force

P. K. Mehta

 

General Managers, Zonal Railways

 

 

Central

S. K. Jain

 

Eastern

G. C. Agarwal

 

East Central

Varun Bharthuar

 

East Coast

Indra Ghosh

 

**Metro

P. B. Murty

 

Northern

B. N. Rajasekhar*

 

North Central

B. P. Khare*

 

North Eastern

K. B. L. Mittal

 

Northeast Frontier

Keshav Chandra

 

North Western

R.C. Agarwal

 

Southern

Deepak Krishan

 

South Central

G. N. Asthana

 

South Eastern

A. K. Verma

 

South East Central

Arunendra Kumar

 

South Western

A. K. Mittal

 

Western

Mahesh Kumar

 

West Central

S. V. Arya

 

General Managers, Production Units

 

 

Chittaranjan Locomotive Works

Radhey Shyam

 

Diesel Locomotive Works

B. P. Khare

 

Integral Coach Factory

Abhay Kumar Khanna

 

Rail Wheel Factory

Rajeev Bhargava

 

Rail Coach Factory

B. N. Rajasekhar

General Managers, Construction Units

 

 

Northeast Frontier Railway (Construction)

Keshav Chandra*

Central Organisation for Railway Electrification

Jagdev Kalia

 

Director-General

 

 

Railway Staff College

Niraj Kumar

Director-General & Ex-Officio General Manager

 

Research, Designs and Standards Organisation

V. Ramachandran

Chief Administrative Officers (Railways)

 

Central Organisation for Modernisation of Workshops

P. K. Agarwal

 

Diesel Loco Modernisation Works

A. K. Kansal

* Looking after.

** Metro Railway, Kolkata.

(As on 21st February, 2012)

3

Review-Prospects

Results : 2010-11

Financial Performance

The year ended with an excess of `1,404.89 crore which was appropriated to Development Fund.

Freight Operation

The originating revenue loading was 921.73 million tonnes excluding loading of Konkan Railway in 2010-11 compared to 887.79 million tonnes in the previous year. The transport output in terms of revenue net tonne kms. (NTKms.) was 625.72 billion in 2010-11 compared to 600.55 billion in 2009-10. Earnings from freight traffic (excluding miscellaneous goods earnings) was `60,687.05 crore – up by `3,775.54 crore (6.63%) from the previous year.

Passenger Business

During 2010-11, the number of passengers carried was 7,651 million compared to 7,246 million in 2009-10 thus registering an increase of 5.59%. Passenger kms. which is the product of the number of passengers carried and average distance traversed was 978 billion, up by 8.31% from 903 billion in the previous year. Passenger earnings increased by `2,291.2 crore (9.78%) compared to 2009-10.

Engineering Works

During the year, 709 kms. of new lines were constructed and 837 kms. of track was converted to Broad Gauge. 3,465 kms. of track renewal was carried out in 2010-11 as against 3,840 kms. in the previous year.

Electrification

975 kms. of IR’s route was electrified during 2010-11.

Safety, Signal and Telecom

There were 139 consequential train accidents during 2010-11 compared to 165 during 2009-10. Train accidents per million train kms. on IR came down from 0.17 in 2009-10 to 0.14 in 2010-11. As a step towards improving passenger amenities,

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai,

Central Railway.

A front view of Dimapur Railway Station, Northeast Frontier Railway.

A view of New Delhi Railway Station, Northern Railway.

New Station building, Sealdah, Eastern Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

5

Public Address System at 3,865 stations, Train Display Boards at 1,090 stations and Coach Guidance Boards at 480 stations have been installed.

Operating Efficiency

Some important efficiency indices for 2010-11 compared to 2009-10 were as follows:

Efficiency Index

Broad Gauge

Metre Gauge

 

2009-10 2010-11

2009-10 2010-11

Net tonne kms. per wagon per day

*9,022

9,247

*624

662

Speed (kmph) of all goods trains (all

25.8

25.6

14.6

14.7

traction)

 

 

 

 

Percentage of loaded to total wagon kms.

66.4

66.6

49.1

51.2

Net load per goods train (tonnes)

1,691

1,702

*572

488

Net tonne kms. per engine hour

*20,876

20,840

*2,309

2,407

Passenger vehicle kms. per vehicle per

*526

532

*193

204

day

 

 

 

 

*revised

 

 

 

 

Materials Management

Materials Management on IR is being progressively revamped with a view to reduce costs, storage, handling, insurance and dividend charges. Turn Over Ratio in terms of value of inventories to value of materials consumed was 13% (without fuel) and 11% (with fuel) during 2010-11 as compared to 15% (without fuel) and 12% (with fuel) during last year. The disposal of condemned Rolling Stock and scrap arising was monitored closely.

Managing the Environment

Efforts continued to bring down the adverse effects of railway activities on the environment through adaptation of cleaner technologies, energy conservation measures, afforestation on vacant railway land, etc. Concerted efforts to eliminate the use of wooden sleepers, adoption of energy- efficient technologies, etc. were some of the major initiatives in managing the environment.

Human Resource Development

A number of initiatives were taken to improve the quality of training programmes for railway employees in order to improve productivity.

Industrial Relations and Personnel

As on 31st March, 2011, IR had 13,28,199 regular employees as against 13,62,131 as on 31st March, 2010 – a decrease of 33,932.

6

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Industrial Relations remained cordial during 2010-11. Productivity Linked Bonus equivalent to 78 days’ wages was paid to all Group B (non-gazetted), C and D employees for 2010-11. RPF/RPSF personnel belonging to Group C and D categories received an ad hoc bonus equivalent to 30 days’ wages.

Staff Welfare

IR’s welfare schemes cover a wide spectrum of activities, viz., educational facilities and assistance to the children of railway employees, handicraft centres for augmenting family income, financial assistance in sickness, subsidized housing and canteen facilities at work places and medical cover for employees and their families during service and after retirement.

Performance : 2011-2012 Passenger Business

During April-December of 2011-12, the number of originating passengers on IR was 6,211 million vis-à-vis 5,906 million during the corresponding period of 2010-11, registering an increase of 5.15%. The Passenger earnings during this period was `20,593.32 crore–up by `1,683.41 crore (8.90%) compared to the earnings during the corresponding period of last year.

Freight Operation

Loading of revenue-earning traffic in the period April- December of 2011-12 compared to the corresponding period of the previous year, was as under:-

 

 

(Million tonnes)

Commodity

April-December

April-December

 

2010-11

2011-12

Coal

307.30

329.48

Raw material for steel plants

42.19

49.61

Pig iron and finished steel from

18.12

19.44

steel plants

 

9.17

Iron ore for export

19.31

Cement

71.04

77.77

Foodgrains

*29.78

32.70

Fertilizers (Chemical manures)

37.86

38.75

P.O.L. (Mineral oils)

29.82

30.69

Balance other goods

*117.89

117.20

Total revenue earning traffic

673.31

704.81

*revised

 

 

Total Freight Earnings (including ‘Other Goods Earnings’ such as wharfage, demurrage, etc.) in the first 9 months (April- December) of 2011-12 stood at `49,542.63 crore which shows an increase of `4,627.88 crore (10.30%) over the earnings in the corresponding period of the previous year.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Night view of Platform No.1 of Bhubaneshwar Railway Station, East Coast Railway.

A view of waiting room at Allahabad, North Central Railway.

Potable water facilities at Dimapur Railway Station, Northeast Frontier Railway.

Inside view of newly constructed retiring room at Allahabad, North Central Railway.

7

Finance

Results for 2010-11

Gross Traffic Receipts of the Railways went up from `86,963.97 crore in 2009-10 to `94,535.63 crore in 2010-11. Total Working Expenses increased from `82,915.35 crore in 2009-10 to `89,474.22 crore in 2010-11. After taking into account the miscellaneous transactions, the Net Revenue Receipts were at `6,346.14 crore.

After meeting the Dividend Liability, the year ended with an excess of `1,404.89 crore which was appropriated to Development Fund.

The Financial Results for 2010-11, compared to 2009-10, are summarised as below:

 

 

 

(` in crore)

Capital-At-Charge

2009-10

2010-11

Variation

 

 

 

(excluding MTPs and Circular Railway,

 

 

 

Udhampur-Baramula project and

 

1,04,544.64

16,890.00

appropriation to SRSF)

87,654.64

Investment from Captial Fund

35,346.05

38,675.93

3,329.88

Total

1,23,000.69

1,43,220.57

20,219.88

Gross Traffic Receipts

86,963.97

94,535.63

7,571.66

Total Working Expenses

82,915.35

89,474.22

6,558.87

Net Traffic Receipts

4,048.62

5,061.41

1,012.79

Miscellaneous Receipts (Net)

1,495.47

1,284.73

(-)210.74

Net Revenue Receipts

5,544.09

6,346.14

802.05

Dividend payable to General Revenues

5,543.34

4,941.25

(-)602.09

Excess(+)/Shortfall(–)

0.75

1,404.89

1,404.14

Percentage of

 

 

 

(a)Working Expenses to Gross

Earnings

95.28

94.59

(-) 0.69

(b) NetRevenuetoCapital-at-charge

 

4.46

(-) 0.05

& investment from Capital Fund

4.51

Capital-at-charge*(in paise) per NTKm

187

205

18

*Includes investment from Capital Fund

 

 

 

Revenue

The Gross Traffic Receipts went up by `7,571.66 crore (8.71%) over the previous year. The break-up in terms of major sources is given in Statement IA of Financial Statements.

Passenger earnings formed 27.19% of the Gross Earnings, of which 6.95% was from Suburban Services, 75.61% from Express Long distance and 17.44% from Ordinary Short distance traffic. Bulk freight like coal, ores, iron & steel, cement, foodgrains, fertilizers, POL products, limestone, dolomite, stones other than marble, salt and sugar contributed 87.8% of the total goods

8

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

earnings, while commodities other than the above accounted for 8.77%. Miscellaneous realisation like demurrage, wharfage, shunting and siding charges etc. made up the remaining 3.43%.

Working Expenses

The Total Working Expenses during 2010-11 were `89,474.22 crore – an increase of `6,558.87 crore over 2009-10. Grant-wise distribution of Working Expenses is given in Statements IB and IC of Financial Statements.

Total wage bill of staff (open line) in 2010-11 (excluding pensionary benefits) totalled `37,299.38 crore or 54.74% of Ordinary Working Expenses (excluding appropriation to DRF and Pension Fund), while fuel accounted for 24.58%, and other materials and services 20.68%. Number of open line staff decreased by 2.5%.

Balance Sheet

A summary of the Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2011 and variation over 2009-10, is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

(` in crore)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As on

Variation over

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31,2011

previous year

 

 

Block Assets

2,31,615.25

28,299.88

 

 

Funds with Central

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Government :-

342.51

 

 

 

 

(i)

Reserve Funds

 

 

 

 

(ii)

Banking Accounts

30,856.09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31,198.60

(-)1,213.11

 

 

Sundry Debtors, etc.

2,760.95

385.27

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash in hand

858.83

47.04

 

 

Represented by :-

 

 

 

2,66,433.63

27,519.08

 

 

*1,11,614.40

 

 

 

 

Capital-at-charge

 

 

 

 

Investment financed from

1,20,000.85

 

 

 

 

internal sources, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,31,615.25

28,299.88

 

 

Reserve Funds

342.51

(-)4,689.55

 

 

Banking Accounts:

21,965.33

 

 

 

 

(i)

Provident Fund

 

 

 

 

(ii)

Misc. Deposits

8,605.14

 

 

 

 

(iii) F. Loan & Advances

285.62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30,856.09

3,476.44

 

 

Sundry Creditors, etc.

3,619.78

432.31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,66,433.63

27,519.08

 

 

* Excludes `6,491.60 crore for MTPs, `480.27 crore for Circular Railways and `11,954.00 crore Appropriation to SRSF and includes `7,069.75 crore of Udampur-Srinagar-Baramula Project (National Investment).

Deferred Dividend Liability

This is a Contingent Liability and does not appear in the

Balance Sheet.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

9

(i) From April 1, 1978 onwards

In keeping with the recommendations of the Railway Convention Committee (1977), it was decided that the shortfall in the payment of current dividend in those years in which net revenue was not adequate to meet the liability for current dividend, would be treated as Deferred Dividend Liability bearing no interest.

The Deferred Dividend Liability from 1978-79 onwards aggregated to `341.99 crore by the end of March 1992, which was, however, liquidated in 1992-93.

The Deferred Dividend Liability for the years 2000-01 and 2001-02 to the tune of `2,823.30 crore has also become nil after payment of Deferred Dividend Liability of `664.00 crore during 2007-08.

(ii) On New Lines

The Railway Convention Committee allows a moratorium on payment of dividend on investments in new lines during the period of construction and for the first 5 years after it is opened to traffic; cumulative dividend is payable when the line shows surplus after meeting current dividend liability. The account of accumulated dividend liability, if any, is closed after 20 years, extinguishing such unliquidated liability. The amount of this liability stood at `8,322.65 crore as on March 31, 2011.

Capital-At-Charge

The Capital-At-Charge, mainly comprising Tracks & Bridges (`50,062.29 crore), Rolling Stock (`19,509.11 crore), Buildings and Structures including Land (`18,226.44 crore) and Machinery & Plant (`14,294.20 crore), invested in the Railways by the Central Government stood at `1,04,544.64 crore at the end of 2010-11 – an accretion of `16,890.00 crore over the previous year. This is exclusive of the capital invested in Metropolitan Transport Projects (MTPs) (`6,491.60 crore) and Circular Railways (`480.27 crore) and amount transferred to SRSF (`11,954.00 crore) and capital invested on Udhampur- Srinagar-Baramula line (`7,069.75 crore). This is inclusive of `9,083.19 crore of PUs.

Railway Capital Fund

In pursuance of the recommendations of Railway

Convention Committee (1991), as contained in their Second

10

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Report, Railway Capital Fund has come into operation from 1992-93. Appropriation to the Fund is from Revenue Surplus and is intended to finance expenditure on assets of capital nature. Investment made from the Fund up to 2010-11 was `38,675.94 crore.

Reserve Fund Balances

As per the recommendations of Railway Convention Committee (1991), contained in their Second Report, the two funds,viz.AccidentCompensation,Safety&PassengerAmenities Fund and Revenue Reserve Fund, have been restructured to accommodate expenditure on Safety and Passenger Amenity Works. Balance of the abolished Funds has, therefore, been merged with Development Fund.

The position of the Funds as on March 31, 2011 compared to March 31, 2010 is as follows:

 

 

 

 

(` in crore)

Name of the Fund

Balance as

Contribution

Withdrawals

Balance

 

on 1.4.2010

to Fund

during

as on

 

 

during

2010-11

31.3.2011

 

 

2010-11

 

 

DRF

4.93

5,599.08

5,585.12

18.89

DF

5.56

1,357.69

2,576.59

(-)1,213.34

CF

2,438.16

5.98

3,329.85

(-)885.71

Pension Fund

1.24

16,022.61

16,018.52

5.33

RSF

2,582.19

935.42

1,100.27

2,417.34

Total

5,032.08

23,920.78

28,610.35

342.51

The total balance in the Reserve Funds as on March 31, 2011 was `342.51 crore, representing a decrease of `4,689.57 crore over the previous year.

Cash Flow

Finance generated through IR's internal resources provided `24,828.06 crore during 2010-11.

The details of internal resource generation and utilisation of funds for financing the Plan outlay are shown in Statement IV of Financial Statements. During 2010-11, the total Plan investment was `39,197.92 crore (excluding MTPs & Circular Railways and amount transferred to SRSF). This was financed from Budgetary Support to the extent of `16,889.96 crore exclusive of capital invested on MTPs & Circular Railways amounting to `550.13 crore and `944.69 crore invested on Dividend free

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

11

project of Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramula. The corresponding position during 2009-10 was that out of a total Plan investment of `37,435.49 crore (excluding MTPs & Circular Railways and amount transferred to SRSF), the financing from Budgetary Support was `15,416.49 crore exclusive of capital invested on MTPs & Circular Railways amounting to `614.08 crore and `879.55 crore invested on Dividend free project of Udhampur- Srinagar-Baramula. The balance of the Plan investment was met from internal and extra-budgetary resources. During 2010-11, a decrease of the fund balance was also resorted to the tune of `4,689.57 crore to finance the Plan expenditure.

Audit Objections

IR had a total of 1,293 Audit Notes Part I,782 Special Letters and 3,592 Audit Inspection Reports as on March 31, 2011 as compared to 1,618, 1,568 and 3,701 outstanding respectively at the end of March 31, 2010.

IR has a well-structured system of ensuring discussion and disposal of all audit objections, inspection reports, draft paras, etc. Tripartite meetings are held at various levels involving the Audit, Accounts and Executive Departments. The draft paras are also discussed at the highest levels between Railway Board and the Audit Department and based on the replies given, many of them get closed.

Summary of Audit Observations on the working of Ministry of Railways, as provided by C&AG for the year, is at page 104.

Financial arrangement between the Railways and the Government

On the recommendations of the Acworth Committee, the Railway Finances were separated from the General Finances in 1924-25. Since then, the financial arrangements between the Railways and the Central Government are periodically reviewed by a Parliamentary Committee known as the Railway Convention Committee.

With the formation of the Fifteenth Lok Sabha, a new Railway Convention Committee (2009) was constituted in March 2010. The Committee has so far submitted their first report on ‘Rate of Dividend for 2009-10 and 2010-11 and other ancillary matters’.

12

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

"Indian Railway Finance Corporation Ltd. (IRFC)”, a Public Sector Undertaking under the administrative control of the Ministry of Railways has been raising additional resources through borrowings from domestic and international markets to finance Plan investment. Market funds raised by the Corporation are used mainly to finance procurement of rolling stock assets which are leased by IRFC to IR. Till end of 2010-11, IRFC has lease financed 2,846 electric and 2,721 diesel locomotives, 1,49,030 wagons, 33,856 coaches, 81 track machines and 4 cranes, with a gross asset value of `69,805 crore. Induction of these rolling stock into the system has enabled IR to modernize its fleet, increase carrying capacity and improve productivity. The lease charges of `6,338 crore were paid to IRFC during 2010-11 to enable the Corporation to service the debt.

IRFC has also been providing market funds to finance bankable railway projects under implementation by Rail Vikas Nigam Limited (RVNL). The amount of funds made available to RVNL till end of 2010-11 is `1,971 crore.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

13

Freight Operation

In 2010-11, IR loaded 926.43 million tonnes of freight traffic of which 921.73 million tonnes was revenue-earning and 4.7 million tonnes non-revenue-earning, and achieved total net tonne kilometres (NTKMs) of 626 billion as against 601 billion in 2009-10. The freight earnings went up from `56,911.51 crore in 2009-10 to `60,687.05 crore in 2010-11, registering a growth of 6.63%.

Commodity-wise loading of revenue earning traffic in 2010-11 as compared to 2009-10 was as follows:

 

 

Tonnes carried

 

 

(in million)*

 

 

2009-10

2010-11

Coal

 

 

 

(i)

for steel plants

40.08

44.19

(ii)

for washeries

1.37

1.47

(iii) for thermal power houses

271.45

285.52

(iv)

for public use

83.25

89.19

Total

396.15

420.37

Raw material for steel plants except

11.60

13.30

iron ore

 

 

Pig iron and finished steel

 

 

(i)

from steel plants

24.17

24.06

(ii)

from other points

7.68

8.76

Total

31.85

32.82

Iron ore

 

 

(i)

for export

43.64

25.68

(ii)

for steel plants

44.33

44.68

(iii) for other domestic users

44.77

48.10

Total

132.74

118.46

Cement

93.15

99.08

Foodgrains

38.69

43.45

Fertilizers

43.68

48.22

Mineral Oil (POL)

38.88

39.29

Container service

 

 

(i)

Domestic containers

9.63

11.01

(ii)

EXIM containers

25.32

26.58

Total

34.95

37.59

Balance other goods

66.10

69.15

Total

887.79

921.73

* Excludes loading on Konkan Railway.

 

 

14

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Revenue-earning freight traffic for major bulk commodities/commodity groups in 2010-11 compared with 2009-10 was as follows:

Commodity/

Tonnes originating

Net tonne kms.

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commodity group

(million)

(million)

(` in crore)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2009-10 2010-110

2009-10 2010-11

2009-10

2010-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coal

396.15

420.37

247,043

268,296

22,418.07

23,917.31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iron Ores

132.74

118.46

53,947

46,357

8,345.27

9,011.99

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cement

93.15

99.08

53,792

56,952

5,306.35

5,544.16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P.O.L. (Mineral oils)

38.88

39.29

24,866

26,085

3,189.01

3,353.77

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foodgrains

38.69

43.45

50,294

51,997

3,833.98

4,032.74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fertilisers (Chemical

43.68

48.22

36,568

40,714

2,977.37

3,251.96

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

manures)

 

32.82

 

32,234

 

3,460.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iron & steel

31.85

31,479

3,353.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Limestone & dolomite

14.77

16.37

9,897

10,972

1,020.40

1,144.49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stones (incl. Gypsum)

11.44

11.66

6,004

5,759

647.05

623.77

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

other than marble

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salt

4.76

4.64

6,523

6,397

427.19

422.83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sugar

3.97

3.76

6,638

6,257

429.19

414.66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

810.08

838.12

527,051

552,020

51,946.89

55,177.68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commodities other than

77.71

83.61

73,497

73,703

4,964.62

5,509.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

above

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grand total

887.79

921.73

600,548

625,723

*56,911.51

*60,687.05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Excludes ‘other goods earnings’ such as wharfage, demurrage, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

15

Trend of revenue-earning freight traffic for the last 3 years is as follows:

 

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

Tonnes originating (million)

833.39

887.79

921.73

Net tonne kms. (million)

551,448

600,548

625,723

Average lead (kms.)

662

676

679

Goods earnings @ (` in crore)

51,749.34

56,911.51

60,687.05

@Excludes ‘other goods earnings’ such as wharfage, demurrage, etc.

Freight Rates:

There was no across-the-board increase in freight rates for the year 2010-11. However, ‘Inflation Concession’ of `100 per wagon on booking of Food grains for domestic use and Kerosene Oil was granted from 1.4.2010.

The taper of the Base Class-100 was rationalized w.e.f. 27.12.2010 resulting in increase in freight rates ranging from 0.15% to 3.95% from 101 to 500 kms and beyond 500 kms it was flat 4%. However, this modification in taper did not result in increase in freight rates of Food grains and Chemical Manures. The classification of Sugar and De-oiled Cakes was revised from Class-110 to Class-120.

Freight Marketing:

Private Freight Terminals (PFT):

To facilitate rapid development of a network of freight terminals with private investment to provide efficient and cost effective logistics services with warehousing solution to end users, a new scheme namely Private Freight Terminal has been launched on 31.05.2010. PFT can either be ‘green field’ facilities developed by private parties on private land or ‘brown field’ facilities, i.e. existing private sidings/container terminals on private land which can be permitted to be converted to private freight terminals under the provisions of the scheme. The scheme will facilitate traffic handling at the terminals by private investors thereby increasing IR’s market share.

Of the 17 proposals received for PFTs, 4 have been finalized.

16

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Special Freight Train Operator Scheme (SFTO):

In order to increase rail share in the commodities like fertilizers, molasses, edible oil, caustic soda, chemicals, petrochemicals, alumina, bulk cement and fly ash etc., where rail co-efficient is traditionally very low, a new scheme namely Special Freight Train Operator Scheme (SFTO) has been launched on 31.5.2010 to attract private investment in special purpose wagons required for transportation of these commodities.

Automobile Freight Train Operator Scheme (AFTO) and development of Automobile and Ancillary Hub:

With a view to increase IR’s market share in transportation of automobile i.e. two/three wheelers, cars and tractors etc. by inviting private participation for procurement and operation of special purpose wagons, a new scheme namely Automobile Freight Train Operater Scheme (AFTO) has been launched on 19.07.2010 and to facilitate bulk movement of automobile traffic by rail from the production hubs to consumption centers, a policy has also been introduced on 16.06.2010 for development of automobile & ancillary hub at strategic locations for storage and secondary distribution by road.

Wagon Investment Scheme:

Coal loading at Rangiya Railway Station, Northeast Frontier Railway.

Wagon Investment Scheme has been introduced to cater to the increasing demand for wagons through investment by individuals, corporate entities, producers association or groups like SAIL for procurement of general service wagons of the type BCN, BTPN, BRNA, BOST and BOBRN.

Liberalized Wagon Investment Scheme (LWIS):

Loading of Iron-ore in Guntakal-Bellary section, South Central Railway.

LWIS allows investment in Special Purpose Wagons (SPW) and High Capacity Wagons (HCW) by end users, viz., producers, manufacturers and consumers. Under the scheme Each rake procured by investor will have an associated loading and unloading point(s) over specific route(s) or close circuit(s) as approved by IR. Wagon Leasing Companies can also procure wagons under this scheme for leasing to end users. A freight concession of 15% will be granted for 20 years on each loading of SPW operating in approved close circuits. In case of HCW, a freight concession of 12% will be granted for 20 years on each loading and an additional freight concession of 0.5% will be granted for each additional tonne of payload.

Cement being unloaded from BCN (HL) wagon at Jogeshwari, Western Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

17

Wagon Leasing Scheme (WLS):

This scheme has been launched to introduce the concept of leasing of railway wagons on IR just as Aeroplanes, Ships, Road trucks, etc. are taken on lease. The scheme aims at induction of rakes through PPP route. HCWs, SPWs and wagons for container movement are permitted for leasing under this scheme. Rakes will be procured from wagon manufacturers or through import subject to compliance of IRS specifications and mandatory inspections by IR. The policy has been introduced on 15.4.2008.

Terminal Development Scheme (TDS):

The objective of the scheme, introduced on 15.4.2008, is to promote development of new railway terminal through investment from private sector to facilitate rail movement of freight traffic in specific commodities.

Claims:

IR paid `9.65 crore as claim compensation in the year 2010-11 as compared to `13.99 crore paid in 2009-10. The number of claims registered by Railways was 0.26 lakh in 2008-09 and 0.21 lakh in 2009-10 and 2010-11. IR registered 0.13 lakh cases and paid `2.82 crore as claim compensation during the period April to September, 2011 as against 0.11 lakh cases and `5.47 crore as claim compensation during April to September, 2010.

Several measures undertaken by IR to reduce claim cases include escorting of Goods trains, proper marking and labelling of packages to avoid their loss/over-carraige, deputing Claims Inspector in trains to prevent over-carriage, provision of dunnage to protect flap doors where required, to prevent bleeding of sugar, pulses, oil seeds, etc.

18

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Passenger Business

The profile of passenger traffic in 2010-11 is outlined below:

 

Suburban

Non-suburban

 

 

2009-10

2010-11

2009-10 2010-11

 

 

 

Passengers

3,876

4,061

3,370

3,590

 

 

 

originating

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Passenger

130,917

137,127

772,548

841,381

 

 

 

kilometres

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average lead

33.8

33.8

229.2

234.4

 

 

 

(kilometres)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings

@1,669.04

@1,786.28

21,745.40

23,919.36

 

 

 

(` in crore)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average rate per

12.75

13.03

28.15

28.43

 

 

 

 

passenger

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

kilometre (paise)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

@ Excludes earnings of `73.73 crore and `86.98 crore in 2009-10 and 2010-11 respectively pertaining to Metro Railway, Kolkata.

The overall trend of passenger traffic in the last three years was as follows:

 

Total Suburban and Non-suburban

 

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

Passenger earnings@

21,866.48

23,414.44

25,705.64

(` in crore)

 

 

 

Passenger journeys

6,920

7,246

7,651

(millions)

 

 

 

Passenger kilometres

838,032

903,465

978,508

(millions)

 

 

 

Average lead

121.1

124.7

127.9

(kilometres)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

@ Excludes earnings of `64.84 crore, `73.73 crore and `86.98 crore in 2008-09, 2009-10 and 2010-11 respectively pertaining to Metro Railway, Kolkata.

Fare Structure

There was no increase in Passenger Fares during 2010-11.

Ticketless Travel

During 2010-11, 18.04 lakh checks were conducted

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

19

against ticketless/irregular travel (including carriage of unbooked luggage). About 176.22 lakh cases were detected and `473.21 crore realised on this account.

Punctuality

The punctuality of Mail/Express trains (arriving at destinations on right time) during the year 2010-11 was 69% as per Integrated Coaching Management System (ICMS). This computer based on-line system adopted by Railway Board from January, 2009 for analyzing the Punctuality Performance, has been integrated with Control Office Application (COA) in 2010-11.

Unit Revenue

The average earning per passenger kilometre was 26.27 paise in 2010-11 as against 25.92 paise in 2009-10. Average revenue for different classes, was as follows:

 

Earnings per

Earnings per

 

passenger kilometre

passenger journey

 

(Paise)

(` )

 

 

2009-10

2010-11

2009-10

2010-11

Suburban

 

 

 

 

(All classes)

12.7

13.0

4.3

4.4

Non-Suburban:

 

 

 

 

AC 1st Class$

*240.7

244.6

*1,317.9

1,338.0

AC Sleeper

113.9

123.0

891.2

887.1

AC 3-Tier

96.3

98.0

706.9

702.7

Ist Class

53.3

72.4

138.1

190.1

AC Chair Car

98.3

100.9

367.4

389.9

Sleeper Class:

 

 

 

 

(i) Mail/Express

32.4

31.7

246.1

244.2

(ii) Ordinary

26.2

26.8

105.2

91.8

Second Class:

 

 

 

 

(i) Mail/Express

21.9

21.5

81.6

81.6

(ii) Ordinary

15.5

15.8

17.1

18.0

Total Non-suburban

28.1

28.4

64.5

66.6

$ Includes Executive Class. * Revised

Passenger Service Improvements

During the year, IR introduced 284 trains (single), extended the run of 82 trains (single) and increased the frequency of 36 trains (single) in non-suburban segment. This includes introduction of 16 MEMU & 30 DMU/DEMU services and extension of the run of 3 MEMU & 3 DEMU

20

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

services. For suburban/local passengers, 165 trains (single) were introduced, the run of 37 trains (single) were extended and the frequency of 2 trains (single) was increased.

Catering Services

A new Catering Policy 2010 has been introduced which has revised the role of agency for management of catering services on IR. According to new policy, catering services (except Food Plazas, Food Courts and Fast Food Units) will be managed by Zonal Railways departmentally, instead of IRCTC, in a phased manner. However, IRCTC would continue to be a service provider to the IR and shall be responsible for managing the premium and high end outlets like Food Plazas, Food Courts and Fast Food Units including institutional catering outside the Railways.

During 2010-11, Catering services were provided through approximately 11,237 static catering units and in 291 pairs of trains through pantry cars and in 136 trains through train side vending. 51 departmental catering units were operational under Zonal Railways and 721 under IRCTC. Private licencees under Zonal Railways and IRCTC operated 10,521 and 371 catering units respectively.

86 Food Plazas/Fast Food Units and 820 Automatic Vending Machines were also functional over IR. To provide low cost wholesome food and regional cuisine to common passengers, 32 Jan Ahaar outlets were commissioned at various stations.

Sales turnover of departmental catering units during the year rose to `203.98 crore from `150.06 crore in the previous year and `213.51 crore was realized as licence fees from the catering/vending contractors.

Tourism

Ministry of Railways have taken up several important initiatives to promote tourism in the country. These include introductionoftouristservicesofferingpackagerailtoursinclusive of travel, accommodation, on-board/on-ground catering, sight seeing, etc. in selected tourist sectors.

At present 5 luxury tourist trains are run by IR, viz. ‘Palace on Wheels’ in a circuit covering Rajasthan, Delhi and Agra; ‘Royal Rajasthan on Wheels’ in a circuit covering Rajasthan, Delhi, Agra, Khajuraho and Varanasi, ‘Deccan Odyssey’; ‘Golden Chariot’ and ‘Maharajas’ Express’ covering various tourist destinations spread across the country. Besides, IR also operate ‘Fairy Queen’ - the heritage steam train between Delhi

Catering service at Howrah Railway Station, Eastern Railway.

T.V. set in the passenger seats of Shatabdi Express, Northern Railway.

Mayur Mahal – Maharaja Express.

Night view of Bhubaneshwar Railway Station platform entrance area, East Coast Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

21

and Alwar offering weekend package tour, Buddhist special train in the popular Buddhist circuit and ‘Bharat Darshan’ trains for the common man with all inclusive packages at a cost of not more than `500/- per day. IR in association with IRCTC is also operating another similar service called ‘Bharat Tirth’ connecting popular tourist sites in different parts of the country. Besides, the toy trains make regular runs on the hill sections and these are also available for charters on demand.

To explore the splendour of multi-faceted India, Indrail Passes provide excellent value for money for visitors from abroad. It offers the visitors the facility of unrestricted travel over the entire IR system within the period of validity of the pass.

A large number of seats on various trains are offered by IR to Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) for developing tour packages. At any point of time, more than 100 tour packages are in operation covering various tourist destinations of the country.

Passenger Amenities

The allocation under the Plan Head “Passenger Amenities” in 2010-11 was `1,302.50 crore (Budget Estimate) and `997.56 crore (Revised Estimate).

During the year 2010-11, it was proposed to develop 206 more Adarsh Stations. Of the 579 stations identified as Adarsh Stations, 428 stations have been developed. It is proposed to develop 269 more stations during 2011-12.

During the year, 120 stations were provided with water coolers and 46 stations were electrified.

Customer Care

IR imparted training to 1,473 staff during 2010-11 which included frontline staff like Station Superintendents, Deputy Station Superintendents, On-Board support staff viz., Train Examiners, Travelling Ticket Examiners, Railway Protection Force and those manning Enquiry, Reservation, Booking, Parcel Office, “May I Help You” counters with a view to improve their inter-personal skills and to equip them to deal with the rail customers in a better manner. The programme also aims at increasing the performance level of employees by sensitizing them to the needs of the customers.

Passenger Reservation System (PRS)

During 2010-11, 294 computerised reservation offices were opened. As on 31st March, 2011, there were 2,355

22

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

locations over IR where Passenger Reservation System (PRS) was functional. Some of the above locations are dual purpose Passenger Reservation System-cum-Unreserved Ticketing System (PRS-cum-UTS). Computerized Unreserved Ticketing System (UTS) was opened at 1,125 locations during 2010-11 taking the tally to 4,739.

Coaching Vehicles LHB Coaches

Following the introduction of the first rake of indigenously designed LHB coach in December 2003, 11 Rajdhani and 11 Shatabdi Express trains with conventional ICF design coaches have since been converted to LHB design. Conversion of the remaining Rajdhani/Shatabdi rakes to LHB design is in progress.

Coach Upkeep

676 old coaches were given mid-life rehabilitation and 885 coaches were refurbished improving their condition substantially. Also, 1,173 coaches were retrofitted with new bogie mounted air brake system.

Cleanliness and Hygiene

To bring about improvement in en-route cleaning of trains, a new scheme ‘Clean Train Stations’ has been launched to provide mechanized cleaning to passing through trains during their halts at selected stations. 28 such Clean Train Stations have been made operational so far.

‘On Board House Keeping Service’ scheme has also been launched by the Railways in about 286 Mail/Express trains to carry out frequent on board cleaning of Mail/Express coaches through professional agencies.

Duronto Trains

Duronto trains have heralded a new era of rail travel on IR. These super fast trains, with fully reserved accommodation, run as end to end non stop service. A unique aesthetically appearing exterior colour scheme was developed for these trains through vinyl films wrapped on the coach exteriors. A total number of 23 such trains were introduced till the end of 2010-11.

Air Conditioned Double Decker Coaches

One complete rake comprising 8 Double Decker AC coaches and 2 Power Cars to LHB-FIAT design has been turned out from RCF and allotted to Eastern Railway.

Escalator at New Jalpaiguri Railway Station,

Northeast Frontier Railway.

Mechanised cleaning of station premises of Dimapur Railway Station, Northeast Frontier Railway.

A view of Duronto Express train, Northern Railway.

Inside view of a coach of Double Decker train.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

23

Setting up of mechanized laundry for washing of linen

Zonal Railways have identified 52 locations to set up the state-of-the-art fully mechanized departmental laundry to improve the standard of cleanliness and hygiene in the linen being supplied to the passengers in the trains. 10 such laundries have been commissioned so far.

Production of DEMU/MEMU coaches with toilet facilities

Production of new DEMU and MEMU coaches with toilet facilities has begun in 2009-10 and 2010-11, respectively.

Mass Rapid Transit System for Metropolitan Cities

The various MRTS projects in different metropolitan cities have been summarized below in a tabular form:

S.

Section

Kms.

Latest cost

Year of

Year of

Sharing ratio

No.

 

 

(Rupees in

sanction

completion

 

 

 

 

crore)

 

 

 

Metro Railway, Kolkata:

 

 

 

 

 

1.

Noapara-Netaji Subhas Chandra

6.40

184.83

2009-10

2012-13

Railway

 

Bose Airport (M.M.)

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Dum Dum-Noapara-Baranagar

5.20

411.06

2009-10

2015-16

Railway

 

(M.M.)

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Noapara-Barasat via Bimanbandar

18.00

2,397.72

2010-11

2015-16

Railway

4.

Baranagar-Barrackpore &

14.50

2,069.60

2010-11

2015-16

Railway

 

Dakshineshwar

 

 

 

 

 

5.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

32.00

3,951.98

2010-11

2015-16

Railway

 

Airport-New Garia via Rajarhat

 

 

 

 

 

6.

Joka-Binay Badal Dinesh Bagh via

16.72

2,619.02

2010-11

2015-16

Railway

 

Majerhat

 

 

 

 

 

7.

Circular Railway – Extension from

8.80

268.52

2010-11

Not fixed

Railway

 

Remount Road to Santoshpur via

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garden Reach (M.M.)

 

 

 

 

 

Mumbai:

 

 

 

 

 

1.

Belapur-Seawood-Uran

27.00

495.44

1996-97

Not fixed

1:2 (Railway

 

 

 

 

 

 

& CIDCO)

2.

Mumbai Urban Transport Project

111.24

4,174.40

2003-04

2011-12

1:1

 

(MUTP)-I

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Mumbai Urban Transport Project

59.40

5,300.00

2008-09

2015-16

1:1

 

(MUTP)-II

 

 

 

 

 

Chennai:

 

 

 

 

 

1.

Extension of Mass Rapid Transit

5.00

495.74

2006-07

2013-14

1:2 (Railway

 

System Phase-II from Velachery

 

 

 

 

& State

 

to St. Thomas Mount

 

 

 

 

Government)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Planning

In 2010-11, 16,638 wagons, 527 locomotives, 3,660 coaches, 40 MEMUs, 93 DMUs and 703 EMU coaches were acquired by IR. Out of this, 35 locomotives and 69 coaches were procured for Non-Railway customers/export. During the year, 709 kms of new lines were constructed, 837 kms of lines were converted from MG/NG to BG and double/multiple lines were provided on 769 kms. While 975 route kms of track were electrified, 3,465 kms of track was renewed (including both primary and secondary renewals).

The Plan allocation (Revised Estimates) and Actual Net Expenditure for 2010-11 compared with 2009-10, were as follows:-

 

 

 

 

(` in crore)

Plan Head

2009-10

2010-11

 

Allocation

Actual Net

Allocation

Actual Net

 

(R.E.)

Expenditure

(R.E.)

Expenditure

New Lines (Con-

*3,338.30

3,638.02

**4,989.19

LL 5,262.41

struction)

 

 

 

 

Restoration of

53.00

46.29

55.50

33.98

Dismantled Lines

 

 

 

 

Gauge Conver-

#2,914.13

3,319.58

##2,264.11

RR 2,845.39

sion

 

 

 

 

Doubling

1,995.22

● 2,372.33

L 2,180.66

2,115.24

Traffic Facilities-

1,056.87

● 1,097.80

775.49

789.90

Yard Remodel-

 

 

 

 

ling and Others

 

 

 

 

Computerisation

162.00

● 186.64

210.27

169.78

Railway Re-

41.19

● 43.56

41.91

43.91

search

 

 

 

 

Rolling Stock

$13,125.19

12,550.12

$$12,772.29

D 14,416.87

Leased Assets

2,261.86

2,258.84

2,795.15

2,793.38

– Payment of

 

 

 

 

Capital Compo-

 

 

 

 

nent

 

 

 

 

Road Safety

647.73

● 358.57

701.60

414.07

Works -Level

 

 

 

 

Crossings

 

 

 

 

Road Safety

978.31

● 539.54

998.40

686.19

Works - Road

 

 

 

 

Over/Under

 

 

 

 

Bridges

 

 

 

 

Track Renewals

3,022.78

● 2,628.73

3,205.00

2,603.56

Bridge Works

351.38

● 355.30

317.54

345.40

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

25

 

 

 

 

(` in crore)

Plan Head

2009-10

2010-11

 

Allocation

Actual Net

Allocation

Actual Net

 

(R.E.)

Expenditure

(R.E.)

Expenditure

S & T Works

996.98

● 1,048.01

908.82

958.45

Electrification

812.83

● 713.06

650.50

640.10

Projects

 

 

 

 

Other Electrical

352.74

● 349.69

L 278.87

282.90

Works

 

 

 

 

Machinery and

359.09

● 432.04

333.04

391.73

Plant

 

 

 

 

Workshops &

1,331.15

● 1,250.64

L 1,623.54

1,045.91

Production Units

 

 

 

 

Staff Quarters

236.69

● 222.91

229.00

209.12

Amenities for

314.80

● 321.50

294.56

333.57

Staff

 

 

 

 

User’s Amenities

922.66

● 906.22

997.30

910.81

Investment in

291.00

–

511.00

511.00

PSUs

 

 

 

 

Investment in

@1,815.46

● 1,977.42

@@1,605.02 @@@1,278.58

non-Government

 

 

 

 

Undertakings

 

 

 

 

including

 

 

 

 

JVs/SPVs

 

 

 

 

Other Specified

360.92

● 353.57

254.87

266.86

Works

 

 

 

 

Inventories

1,019.81

● 768.90

125.16

(-)16.16

M.T.Ps.

642.06

614.78

571.14

515.10

New Lines

R880.35

879.55

R 625.00

944.69

(const.) – Divi-

 

 

 

 

dend free Proj-

 

 

 

 

ects

 

 

 

 

Total

●40,284.50

● 39,233.61

40,314.93

40,792.74

*Includes `542.27 crore for national projects.

**Includes `443.58 crore for national projects.

#

Includes `476.38 crore for national projects.

##Includes `347.48 crore for national projects.

L

Includes provision under Public Private Partnership.

$

Includes Bonds of `9,150 crore raised by IRFC and `180 crore

 

mobilized under Wagon Investment Scheme (WIS).

$$

Includes Bonds of `8,842 crore raised by IRFC, `36 crore mobilized

 

under Wagon Investment Scheme (WIS) and `500 crore under Public

 

Private Partnership.

@

Includes Bonds of `370 crore raised by RVNL.

@@Includes Bonds of `133.46 crore raised by RVNL.

R Includes provision for Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramula New Lines. LL Includes `670.08 crore for national projects.

RR Includes `576.62 crore for national projects.

D Includes Bonds of `9,680.29 crore raised by IRFC.

@@@ Includes Bonds of `100 crore raised by RVNL.

●Revised.

26

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Engineering

Gauge Conversion

During 2010-11, 837 kms. of track was converted from MG/NG to BG, as detailed below:

Railway

Projects/Section

Length

 

 

(Kms.)

Eastern

Krishnanagar-Shantipur

15

 

(MM of Kalinarayanpur-

 

 

Krishnanagar)

 

 

Barddhaman-Balgona

25

East Central

Sitamarhi-Bairgania

28

East Coast

Parlakimidi-Gunupur of

45

 

Naupada-Gunupur

 

North Central

Mathura-Achhnera

35

North Eastern

Aunrihar-Jaunpur

70

 

Kaptanganj-Thawe

100

Northeast Frontier

Katihar-Manihari

24

 

Aluabari Road-Siliguri (76 km.)

76

North Western

Mavli-Nathdwara

16

 

Ratangarh-Bikaner

141

Southern

Dindigul-Palani

58

 

Tirunelveli-Tenkasi (72 km)

72

South Western

Anandapuram-Talguppa

40

Western

Bodeli-Chhota Udepur

30

RVNL

Bharuch-Samni-Dahej (Part)

62

 

Total

837

 

 

 

Doubling

769 kms. of double/multiple lines were completed in 2010-11.

A view of snow covered T-80 tunnel of Jammu-Srinagar rail project.

A view of tunnel between Kalka and Shimla, Northern Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

27

New Lines

During 2010-11, new lines over a length of 709 kms. were constructed on the following sections:

Railway

Section

Length

 

 

(Kms.)

Central

Chandur Bajar-Narkher of

85

 

Amravati-Narkher

 

 

Lonand-Phaltan of Lonand-

27

 

Baramati

 

Eastern

Tarakeswar-Bishnupur

17

 

Deoghar-Dumka

67

 

Deoghar-Chandan

15

 

Rampurhat-Pirargarhia

17

 

Mandarhil-Kumardol

18

East Central

Barkakana-Kuju

15

 

Phulwarisharif-Patliputra (6

6

 

km) of Patna-Ganga Bridge

 

 

(Cost Sharing)

 

 

Nawadih-Dhanwar (15 km) of

15

 

Giridih-Koderma

 

Northern

Abohar-Fazilka

42

 

Taran Taran-Govindwal Sahib

21

 

Jhajjar-Rohtak of Rewari-

30

 

Rohtak (on cost-sharing)

 

North Central

Agra-Fatahabad of Agra-

35

 

Etawah (110 km)

 

Northeast Frontier

Part of New Coochbehar-

37

 

Golakganj

 

North Western

Ajmer-Pushkar

31

Southern

Nagore-Karaikal 10 kms (MM

10

 

of Tiruchchirappalli-Nagore-

 

 

Karaikal GC project)

 

 

Salem-Namakkal of Salem-

51

 

Karur(51 km)

 

South Central

Gadwal-Pandurangswami

36

 

(Part of Gadwal-Raichur)

 

 

Khanapur-Homnabad

38

 

Jagityal-Metpalli

30

28

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

 

Vishnupuram-Janpahad

11

South Western

Kadur-Kanvihalli (32 km)

16

West Central

Ramganjmandi-Jhalawar

30

RVNL

Venkatachalam-Kommarapudi

9

 

Total

709

Track

During 2010-11, 3,465 kms. of track renewal was carried out. The year-wise track renewals done and expenditure incurred thereon during the XI Plan are as under:

Year

Gross expenditure

Renewals done

 

(` in crore)

(kms.)

2008-09

5,249.08

3,841

2009-10

4,105.88

3,840

2010-11

4,984.53

3,465

Track Modernisation

Track constitutes the basic infrastructure of a railway system and bears the burden of coping with ever increasing traffic. High speed and heavy axle load operation on IR has necessitated upgradation of the track structure. Several policy initiatives have been taken to modernize the track.

Track structure is upgraded at the time of renewals. Sleepers are being upgraded from wooden, steel and CST-9 to PSC sleepers. Heavier section and high tensile strength rails are being used. Presently, 52 kg/60 kg 90 UTS rails are being used in place of 90R/52 kg 72 UTS rails. Similarly, long rail panels or welded rails are predominantly used in place of earlier fish plated joints. As on 31.3.2011, on BG main lines of IR, about 87.38% of the length is covered by long welded rails, 97% with PSC sleepers and 89.3% with 52 kg/60 kg 90 or higher UTS rails.

On most of BG track, rails have been converted into long welded rails and short welded rails of 39m length. Single rails are limited to locations where welded rails are not permitted on technical grounds. As on 31.3.2011, total length of welded track on main lines of IR was 78,181 kms. of which 65,957 kms. was with long welded rails and 12,224 kms. with short-welded rails.

Construction work in progress in the T-80 tunnel on Jammu-Srinagar rail project.

Repairing of railway track by tie-tamping machine.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

29

Concrete sleepers are economical and technically best suited for high speed and heavy density traffic. Adequate capacity has been developed for production of concrete sleepers to meet the present requirement of IR. During the year, about 75.73 lakh Broad Gauge mono-block concrete sleepers and 6,473 sets of PSC turnout sleepers were produced.

IR is working towards progressive mechanization. Induction of high output tamping machines for packing of plain track as well as turnouts, ballast cleaning machines and shoulder ballast cleaning machines for improving drainage of track, dynamic track stabilizer for controlled consolidation of newly laid/maintained track, point and crossing changing machines for laying concrete sleeper turnouts, etc. is a step in this direction. During 2010-11, 29 track machines were procured taking the total at the end of the year to 616. Track recording cars are deployed for electronic monitoring of track parameters at periodic intervals to enable planning of maintenance. As on 31.3.2011, IR has 6 track recording cars. During 2010-11, a total of 1,56,870 km recording was carried out.

Bridges

IR has 1,33,160 bridges out of which 720 are important, 10,828 are major and 1,21,612 are minor bridges. In 2010-11, 1,197 bridges, including 16 distressed bridges were rehabilitated/ rebuilt.

Road Over/Under Bridges

To improve safety and reduce inconvenience to road users, busy level crossings are being replaced by Road Over/Under Bridges (ROBs/RUBs) gradually. The works of ROBs/RUBs in lieu of busy level crossings are sanctioned on cost sharing basis with the concerned State Governments/Local Authorities. During the year, a total of 257 works were completed on Zonal Railways.

As on 31st March, 2011, 951 ROBs/RUBs have been sanctioned on cost sharing basis, which are at various stages of planning and execution. 67 ROBs/RUBs have been completed during 2010-11.

Level Crossings

As on March 31, 2011, IR maintained 32,735 level crossings, out of which 17,839 had gate-keepers and 14,896

30

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

crossings were unmanned. 434 and 187 unmanned level crossings were provided with gate-keepers in 2010-11 and 2011-12 (upto June 2011), respectively.

Land Management

IR owns about 4.59 lakh hectares of land. About 90% of the land is under Railways’ operational and allied usage such as laying of new lines, doubling, gauge conversions, track, stations, workshops, staff colonies, etc.

The break-up of the land is as under:

Description

Area

 

(in lakh hectares)

Track and structures including

 

stations, colonies, etc.

3.61

Afforestation

0.48

‘Grow More Food’ scheme

0.04

Commercial licensing

0.04

Other uses like pisciculture

0.03

Encroachment

0.01

Vacant land

0.38

Total

4.59

Creation of various infrastructure facilities for development of future rail network largely depends on the availability of land. Therefore, preservation and meaningful interim use of railway land is the main objective of IR’s land-use policy.

In pursuance of Railways’ commitment towards environmental improvement through afforestation and also with a view to safeguarding the precious railway land against unauthorized occupation, tree plantation is being undertaken on vacant railway land with active participation of railway employees. In some States, railway land in mid-sections has been entrusted to the Forest Departments for plantation so as to ensure purposeful utilization and prevention against encroachments.

Besides, railway land is also licensed to Group ‘C’ and ‘D’ categories of railway employees and weaker sections under ‘Grow More Food’ scheme, in identified urban areas for growing vegetables, crops, etc.

Licensing of railway land is permitted for the purposes directly connected with railway working. Plots of railway land at stations, goods sheds and sidings are licensed to other parties for

Construction of Railway bridge over river Matla, Eastern Railway.

Construction of Railway bridge over river Matla, Eastern Railway.

A view of Tawi bridge on Jammu-Srinagar section.

View of Road Over Bridge on Yamuna river near Sangam, Allahabad, North Central Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

31

stacking/storing of goods either received or to be dispatched by rail. Railway land is also licensed to schools, welfare organizations and for developing shopping complexes in railway colonies for the welfare of railway employees. Apart from this, sharable railway land is licensed to Oil Companies for setting up retail outlets and is also leased to Central/State Governments/Public Sector Undertakings on long term basis.

Railways have also taken up commercial use of such land which may not be required by the Railways for its immediate future use. Through an amendment to Railways Act, 1989, Rail Land Development Authority (RLDA), under the Ministry of Railways has been constituted on 1st November, 2006 to undertake all tasks related to commercial development on railway land/air-space under the control of Ministry of Railways. So far, 135 sites have been entrusted to the Authority for commercial development.

32

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Electrification

The advent of electric traction on Indian Railways dates back to 1925. Starting with DC traction system, IR introduced electrification on Single-phase 25 kV system and subsequently adopted the latest 2x25 kV Auto Transformer system on a limited scale.

During the XI Plan period, originally 3,500 route kilometres was targeted for electrification which has been reset to 4,500 route kms. in mid-term appraisal of the XI Plan.

The progress of electrification on IR over the Plan periods is as under:

Period

Route kms.

 

electrified

Upto VII Five Year Plan (1990)

9,252

Annual Plans (1990-92)

1,557

VIII Five Year Plan (1992-97)

2,708

IX Five Year Plan (1997-02)

2,484

X Five Year Plan (2002-07)

1,810

XI Five Year Plan :

 

First Year (2007-08)

502

Second Year (2008-09)

797

Third Year (2009-10)

1,117

Fourth Year (2010-11)

975

 

 

Over Head Electrification maintenance, South Eastern Railway.

Details of route kilometres electrified during 2010-11 are as under:

Section

Route kms.

 

electrified

Andal & Pandaneswar yard (Eastern)

Goukul nagar Joypur – Bishnupur Station (Eastern)

Barauni-Begusarai (East Central)

Part of Phulwarisharif-Patliputra Station (East Central)

Dholi-Ramdayalu nagar (East Central) Harichandanpur-Jaroli (East Coast)

03

17

15

03

31

90

Electrification of Suburban section-Mumbai

(DC to AC), Western Railway.

 

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

33

Section

Route kms.

 

electrified

Sakhoti Tanda-Saharanpur (Northern)

83

Meerut-Muhiuddinpur (Northern)

10

Bareilly-Nagaria Sadat (Northern)

33

Moradabad-Rampur (Northern)

19

Chakkibank-Pathankot (Northern)

02

Hiranagar-Samba (Northern)

13

Jammu Tawi-Basantar Halt (Northern)

24

Utratia yard (Northern)

02

Akbarganj-Sultanpur (Northern)

64

Varanasi yard (Northern)

02

Jhansi-Ait (North Central)

87

Siwan yard (North Eastern)

02

Burhwal-Gonda (North Eastern)

61

Trivandrum-Kanniyakumari (Southern)

85

Madurai-Kadambur (Southern)

106

Villupuram-Tirukkovilur (Southern)

31

Vallaparpadam-Idapalli (Southern)

09

Nawandgi-Malkhaid Road (South Central)

26

Sitafalmandi-Maula Ali-Malkajgiri (South

09

Central)

 

Kadapa-Kamalapuram (South Central)

23

Kalamalla-Mangapatnam (South Central)

26

Guntakal-Gooty (South Central)

28

New Manubolu-Venkatachalam Road bye-pass

07

(South Central)

 

Kengeri-Hejjala (South Western)

08

Bangarapet-BEML Nagar (South Western)

08

Sila Kheri-Maksi (Western)

25

Tham-Vagra (Western)

20

Mahadeokhedi yard (West Central)

03

Total

975

The Golden Quadrilateral having double line has been fully electrified except Mumbai-Chennai route where electrification is in progress

Upto March 31, 2011, 30.42% of the total route kilometres has been electrified.

34

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Signal and Telecom

Signalling:

AdvancedSignallingSystems viz.,complete track circuiting, Multiple Aspect Colour Light Signalling (MACLS), Panel/Route Relay/Electronic Interlocking, Last Vehicle Check by Axle Counter are deployed on Indian Railways for safe and efficient train control and optimum utilization of line capacity. A major thrust has been given for provision of LED based signals, track circuiting and replacement of signalling gears at block stations. On Board Train Protection System, Train Management System etc., have also been introduced on IR.

The progress of deployment of various signalling devices as on March 31, 2011 vis-à-vis last year is as follows:

 

 

(In units)

Installation

As on

As on

 

31.3.2010

31.3.2011

Panel Interlocking

3,830

4,000

(No. of stations)

 

 

Electronic Interlocking

401

453

(No. of stations)

 

 

Route Relay Interlocking

255

251

(No. of stations)

 

 

LED Lit Signals

3,549

4,472

(No. of stations)

 

 

Data Loggers

3,816

4,348

(No. of stations)

 

 

Colour Light Signalling

5,097

5,278

(No. of stations)

 

 

Last vehicle check by Axle Counters

2,452

3,009

(No. of Block Sections)

 

 

Track Circuiting

27,215

28,372

(No. of locations)

 

 

Automatic Block Signalling (Route kms.)

2,020

2,140

Intermediate Block Signalling

342

373

(No. of Block Sections)

 

 

Interlocked Level Crossing Gates (Nos.)

9,335

9,777

On Board Train Protection System

328

328

(Route kilometres)

 

 

Train Management System

1

1

(No. of Sections)

 

 

 

 

 

Panel of newly commissioned largest Solid State Interlocking, North Central Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

35

Telecommunication:

Telecommunication plays an important role in train control, operation and safety. With the rapid growth in telecommunication technology, IR has decided to go for the state-of-the-art nationwide telecom network for meeting its communication needs and earning revenue by exploiting surplus capacity commercially. With this objective, RailTel, a Railways’ Public Sector Undertaking was formed in September, 2000.

As on 31st March 2011, 37,708 route kilometres of Optical Fibre Cable has been commissioned that is carrying Gigabits of traffic. RailTel is significantly contributing in building National Knowledge Network. It is also planning to provide Broadband connectivity to the Panchayats.

IR has decided to adopt Global System of Mobile Communication – Railways (GSM-R) based mobile train radio communication. It has already been provided on 1,705 route kilometres and is being extended in other sections.

IR has established its own Satellite hub to facilitate connectivity for the remote Freight Operations Information System (FOIS) locations and Unreserved Ticketing System (UTS) application. IR has also established its Multi-Protocol Level Switching (MPLS) based Next Generation Networks (NGN) for voice traffic which has been integrated with all the zonal and divisional exchanges.

With a view to provide improved passenger amenities, Train Information Boards have been provided at 1,090 stations, Public Address System at 3,865 stations and Coach Guidance System at 480 stations.

36

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

The progress of installation of telecom equipment on IR is given below:

 

 

(In units)

 

Installation

As on

As on

 

 

31.3.2010

31.3.2011

 

Railway Telephone Subcribers Lines (Nos)

3,51,678

3,54,493

 

Number of Control Sections provided with

 

 

Optic fibre panel, South Eastern Railway.

Dual Tone Multiple Frequency (DTMF) control

 

316

 

equipment

310

 

Control communication through wireless (18

 

160

 

GHz) (route kms.)

168

 

Mobile Train Radio Communication System

 

 

 

(route kms.)

 

 

 

(a) GSM - R based

1,303

1,705

 

(b) TETRA (Terrestrial Trunked Radio) based

345

345

 

Optical Fibre Cable (OFC) communication

 

37,708

 

system for control communication (route kms.)

35,268

 

Digital Microwave (7 GHz) (route kms.)

6,811

6,331

 

Public Address System (No. of stations)

3,748

3,865

 

Train Display Boards (No. of stations)

1,090

1,090

 

Coach Guidance System (No. of stations)

428

480

 

 

 

 

 

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

37

Safety

There were 139 consequential train accidents in 2010-11 compared to 165 in 2009-10. Train accidents per million train kilometres, an important index of safety, came down from 0.17 in 2009-10 to 0.14 in 2010-11.

Category-wise and Cause-wise Analysis of Train

Accidents

Categories

No. of accidents

 

 

2009-10

2010-11

Collisions

9

5

Derailments

80

78

Accidents at level crossings

70

53

Fire in trains

2

2

Miscellaneous

4

1

Total

 

165

139

Causes of train accidents

 

 

Human failures:

 

 

a) Failure of railway staff

63

58

b)

Failure of persons other than railway

75

58

 

staff

 

 

Equipment failures:

 

 

a)

Rolling Stock

3

–

b)

Track

3

2

c)

Electrical

–

–

d)

S & T

–

–

e) Rolling Stock + Track

–

–

Sabotage

14

16

Combination of factors

1

2

Incidental

4

3

Cause not established

2

–

Under investigation

–

–

Total

 

165

139

Casualties

 

 

Passengers:

 

 

 

Killed

67

235

 

Injured

253

358

Railway employees:

 

 

 

Killed

4

8

 

Injured

9

20

Others:

 

 

 

 

Killed

167

138

 

Injured

135

85

The above figures exclude Konkan and Metro Railways.

 

 

38

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Compensation

A sum of `585.79 lakh was paid as compensation to the victims of train accidents during 2010-11 as against `265.81 lakh in 2009-10. (The compensation paid during a year relates to cases settled and not necessarily to the number of accidents/ casualties during that year.)

Damage to Railway Property

The cost of damage to railway property and duration of interruption to through communication caused by consequential train accidents during 2009-10 and 2010-11 were as under:

Year

Cost of damage

Interruption to

 

Rolling Stock

Permanent

through

 

communication

 

inclusive of engines

way

 

(Hours)

 

(` in lakh)

(` in lakh)

 

 

2009-10

4,126.48

1,244,99

1,105.01

2010-11

4,584.52

1,311.37

1,455.05

Note : The above figures exclude Konkan and Metro Railways.

Measures to improve safety

General:

ï‚—Safety Action Plans were continually executed to reduce accidents caused by human errors. A multi-pronged approach with focus on introduction of newer technologies, mechanization of maintenance, early detection of flaws, etc. to reduce human dependence in the first place, alongwith upgrading the skills of the human resources were the prime drivers for accident prevention.

ï‚—Periodical safety audits of different Divisions by multi- disciplinary teams of Zonal Railways as well as inter- railway safety audits were conducted on regular basis. During 2010-11, 119 internal safety audits and 29 inter- railway safety audits were carried out.

ï‚—Training facilities for drivers, guards and staff connected with train operation have been upgraded. Disaster Management Modules have also been upgraded. During 2010-11, 92,225 safety category employees attended refresher training.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

39

Collisions:

ï‚—Pilot project on Anti Collision Device (ACD) to prevent cases of collisions and to minimize the extent of damage caused by collisions has been in-service trial on 1,736 route kilometres of Northeast Frontier Railway. Trials with modified ACD, with improved efficacy, reliability and availability, are being carried out on electrified multiple- line & automatic signalling section of Southern Railway. Work for installation of ACD has already been sanctioned on 1,600 route kilometres on Southern, South Central and South Western Railways. Further work has been sanctioned on 5,160 route kilometres on four more Zones. Action has also been taken to develop Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) through multiple vendors.

Fouling Mark to Fouling Mark track circuiting on the entire ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’, ‘D’, ‘D Special’ and ‘E Special’ routes, where permissible speed is more than 75 kilometres per hour, was completed. Further, Fouling Mark to Block Section Limit (straight) track circuiting was completed on ‘A’ and ‘C’ routes. Track circuiting has been completed upto 97.48% on ‘A’, ‘B’ and ‘C’ routes.

ï‚—Pilot projects on Train Protection Warning System (TPWS) to prevent over speeding/Signal Passing at Danger (SPAD) is in use since May 2008 on 50 route kilometres of Southern Railway. Service trials are in progress for the second pilot project on 200 route kilometres of Delhi-Agra Section. TPWS has also been approved for deployment on high density networks/Automatic Signalling Sections covering 895 route kilometres of five Zonal Railways.

ï‚—Vigilance Control Device (VCD) is a system where if the driver does not perform a certain set of actions over a period of time, sound alarms, flashing light and brake systems start operating automatically. On-board VCD has been provided on about 75% of Diesel Locomotives and 25% of Electric Locomotives. Installation of VCD on remaining Diesel and Electric locomotives is to be carried out in a phased manner.

ï‚—Auxiliary Warning System to prevent cases of signal passing at danger has been working on Mumbai suburban sections.

Block Proving Axle Counters (BPAC) for ‘Last Vehicle Check’ was commissioned on 552 Block Sections in

40

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

2010-11, aggregating to a provision of 3,009 BPACs upto March 2011.

Derailments:

ï‚—Upgradation of Track Structure consisting of Pre-stressed concrete (PSC) sleepers, 52 Kg/60 Kg high strength (90 kg/square mm ultimate tensile strength) rails on concrete sleepers, fanshaped layout on PSC sleepers, Steel Channel Sleepers on girder bridges has been adopted on most of the routes.

ï‚—Track structure is being standardized with 60 kg rails and PSC sleepers on all the Broad Gauge routes, especially on high density routes to reduce fatigue of rails under higher axle-load traffic. New track construction and replacement of over-aged tracks is being done by PSC sleepers only.

ï‚—To improve maintenance and reliability of assets, efforts

to eliminate fish-plated joints by welding single rails into long welded rails were continued. During relaying/ construction of new lines/gauge conversion, long welded rails are laid on concrete sleepers. Long rail panels of 260 M/130 M length are being manufactured at the steel plants to minimize number of welded joints. Turnouts are also being improved systematically.

ï‚—There is progressive shifting to flash butt welding which is superior in quality as compared to Alumino Thermic (AT) welding.

ï‚—All rails and welds are ultrasonically tested as per laid down periodicity. Self Propelled Ultrasonic Rail Testing (SPURT) Cars are being used for Rail flaw detection.

ï‚—There has been a progressive increase in the use of Tie Tamping and ballast cleaning machines for track maintenance. Also, sophisticated Track Recording Cars, Oscillograph Cars and Portable Accelerometers are being used progressively.

ï‚—Modern bridge inspection and management system has been adopted, which include non-destructive testing techniques, under water inspections, fiber composite wrapping, mapping unknown foundations and integrity testing, etc.

ï‚—Based on threat perceptions, due to adverse weather conditions or external interference, patrolling of railway

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

41

track including night patrolling as well as intensified patrolling during foggy weather is carried out at vulnerable locations regularly.

ï‚—Progressive fitment of tight lock Central Buffer Coupler (CBC) in lieu of screw coupling in new design coaches by ICF has been carried out to prevent the coaches from climbing over each other in unfortunate event of an accident.

ï‚—Design of passenger coaches with features of crashworthiness to absorb most of the impact energy, leaving the passenger area unaffected has been developed and coaches are being manufactured accordingly.

ï‚—For enhancing safety and reliability of passenger coaches, the suspension systems are being re-designed with air springs at secondary stage capable to maintain constant height at variable loads. Air springs have been developed and are being fitted on all the newly built EMU and DMU coaches for suburban trains. Air springs have now been developed for mainline coaches as well and manufacture of such coaches has already commenced.

ï‚—Wheel Impact Load Detector (WILD) are being deployed in a phased manner.

ï‚—Derailment prone 4-wheeler Tank Wagons are being progressively phased out.

Level Crossing Accidents:

ï‚—To educate road users about safety at unmanned level crossings, publicity campaigns are periodically launched through different media like quickies on television, cinema slides, SMSs, posters, radio, newspapers, street plays, etc.

ï‚—Joint ambush checks with civil authorities are conducted to nab erring road vehicle drivers under the provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 and the Indian Railways Act, 1989.

ï‚—As a special measure, powers have been delegated to the Zonal Railways to sanction new works of Road Over Bridges and Under Bridges and Sub-ways costing upto `2.50 crore in each case.

ï‚—Construction of 67 ROBs/RUBs was completed during 2010-11.

42

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

ï‚—1,665 level crossings were identified for replacement by sub-ways, out of which 1,393 were sanctioned in 2010- 11. A total of 177 sub-ways were completed during the year.

ï‚—Criteria for manning has also been revised to make more number of unmanned level crossings eligible for manning. During 2010-11, 434 unmanned level crossings were manned.

Fire in Trains:

ï‚—IR have always endeavoured to enhance fire worthiness of coaches by using more fire retardant furnishing materials such as Compreg Board/PVC for coach flooring, laminated sheets for roof, ceiling wall & partition panelling,

rexene and cushioning material for seats and berths, FRP windows and UIC vestibules etc. Specifications for such furnishing materials have been periodically upgraded to incorporate the fire retardant parameters in line with UIC/other international norms. All new manufacture of coaches/periodical overhauling of existing coaches is being carried out with fire retardant specifications of the furnishing materials.

ï‚—With a view to improve fire safety in running trains, a pilot project for provision of Comprehensive Fire and Smoke Detection System has been taken up in one rake on Northern Railway. Field trials on this rake are on. Depending upon the efficacy of these trials, further trials will be extended.

ï‚—Guard-cum-Brake Van and AC coaches in all trains are provided with portable fire extinguishers to cater for emergencies due to fire accidents.

ï‚—Improved materials for electrical fittings and fixtures such as MCB, light fittings, terminal boards, connectors, etc., are being used progressively.

ï‚—Detailed instructions have been issued to Zonal Railways for observance of safe practices in handling of pantry cars and for ensuring periodical inspection of electrical and LPG fittings in the pantry cars.

ï‚—Intensive publicity campaigns to prevent the travelling public from carrying inflammable goods are regularly undertaken.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

43

Rolling Stock

Rolling stock placed on line during the year is given in the following table:

Type of Rolling Stock

 

 

 

 

Units placed on line

 

 

 

 

 

Replacement

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

account

 

 

 

account

 

 

 

Year

B.G.

M.G.

N.G.

 

B.G.

M.G.

N.G.

Diesel Locos

2009-10

69

–

 

–

164

–

 

–

2010-11

47

–

 

–

149

–

 

–

 

 

 

Electric Locos

2009-10

52

–

 

–

188

–

 

–

2010-11

81

–

 

–

179

–

 

–

 

 

 

Wagons

2009-10

1,043

–

 

–

10,051@

–

 

–

(in vehicle units)

2010-11

635

–

 

–

16,582$

–

 

–

Electric Multiple Units:

Motor Coaches

Trailer Coaches

Main line Electric Multiple Units:

Motor Coaches

Trailer Coaches

Passenger Carriages

Other Coaching

Vehicles

(@ including 5,674 on Deposit A/c) ($ including 6,687 on Deposit A/c)

2009-10

105

–

–

96

–

–

2010-11

141

–

–

54

–

–

2009-10

209

–

–

196

–

–

2010-11

227

–

–

178

–

–

2009-10

–

–

–

16

–

–

2010-11

–

–

–

6

–

–

2009-10

–

–

–

48

–

–

2010-11

–

–

–

18

–

–

2009-10

858

–

–

1,762

–

–

2010-11

462

–

–

2,048

–

–

2009-10

66

–

–

130

–

–

2010-11

1

–

–

181

–

–

Stock condemned during the year was as under:

Type of Rolling Stock

 

 

 

 

(in units)

 

 

B.G.

 

M.G.

 

N.G.

 

 

2009-10 2010-11 2009-10 2010-11

2009-10 2010-11

Diesel Locos

126

88

53

24

3

3

Electric Locos

43

42

–

–

–

–

Wagons

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in Vehicle Units)

5,916

7,818

535

266

–

1

Electric Multiple Units:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Motor Coaches

103

77

–

–

–

–

Trailer Coaches

202

144

–

–

–

–

Passenger Carriages

755

879

486

130

17

50

Other Coaching Vehicles

135

102

94

19

–

2

44

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Traction

The entire passenger and freight traffic, in terms of both gross tonne kilometres (GTKms) and train kilometres was carried by diesel and electric locomotives. Steam locomotives, however, continued to run on certain steam circuits including 5 Hill Railways as icons of IR’s glorious past.

The traction-wise fleet as on March 31, 2011, was as follows:

Exterior view of Dynamic Track Stabilization, North Central Railway.

 

 

(in units)

 

As on

As on

 

March 31, 2010

March 31, 2011

Locomotive

 

 

Steam

42

43

Diesel

5,022

5,137

Electric

3,825

4,033

Total

8,889

9,213

 

 

 

Manufacture of Rolling Stock

The performance of Production Units during 2010-11, was as under:

A view of Delux Rail Motor Car running between Kalka and Shimla, Northern Railway.

ï‚—Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW), Chittaranjan manufactured 230 BG electric locomotives including 70 state-of-the-art 3-phase 6000 HP electric locos.

ï‚—Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW), Varanasi manufactured 267 BG diesel locomotives including 150 indigenous high power 4000 HP GM locomotives. Out of these, 35 diesel locomotives were supplied to non-Railway customers (NRCs). It also exported spares worth `2.18 crore.

ï‚—Integral Coach Factory (ICF), Chennai manufactured 1,503 coaches including 535 Electric Multiple Units (EMUs) and 52 coaches for NRCs and exported spares worth `28.16 crore.

ï‚—Rail Coach Factory (RCF), Kapurthala manufactured 1,576 coaches including 316 light weight LHB coaches and 140 hybrid stainless steel coaches with high passenger comfort and amenities. It supplied 17 coaches to NRCs.

ï‚—Rail Wheel Factory (RWF), Bangalore produced 61,281 wheel-sets. It also manufactured 1,80,810 wheels and 83,353 axles.

DMU train running on Kajigunda-Baramula section, Northern Railway.

Exterior view of Maharaja Express.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

45

Diesel Loco Modernisation Works (DLMW), Patiala successfully upgraded 109 nos. of 2600 HP WDM 2 diesel electric locomotives to 3100 HP, thus increasing the hauling capacity to the extent of 3 to 4 additional coaches. It exported spares worth `93.38 lakh.

Import content in the Railway Production Units expressed as percentage of total production cost (excluding proforma charges), was as follows:

Locomotive

Import content (%)

 

2009-10 2010-11

BG goods traffic diesel electric (WDG-3A)

2.03

1.87

BG goods traffic AC electric (WAG-7)

0.83

–

BG passenger traffic AC electric (WAP-4)

0.54

–

BG mixed traffic diesel electric (WDM-3D)

2.04

1.89

BG goods traffic diesel electric (WAG-9)

7.05

1.83

BG passenger traffic diesel electric (WAP-7)

7.17

1.78

BG passenger traffic diesel electric (WAP-5)

9.25

1.40

BG mixed traffic diesel electric (WDS-6)

–

2.23

Coaches

 

 

SCZAC/LHB

–

2.84

AC EMU B

2.30

1.45

AC EMU C

7.65

5.74

AC EMU D

7.50

5.60

AC DC EMU B

1.32

0.82

AC DC EMU C

6.30

4.56

AC DC EMU D

6.15

4.47

AC DC EMU D/HC

6.47

4.65

SCZAC/LHB

–

2.84

WLRRM/LHB

–

2.16

WFAC/LHB

–

2.57

ACCW/LHB

–

2.82

ACCN/LHB

–

2.85

CBAC/LHB

–

2.78

WCZDAC/LHB

–

1.42

WSCZ/LHB

–

3.19

 

 

 

46

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

IR’s entire requirement of wagons is met by manufacturing units both in public, private sectors, railway workshops and PSUs under the administrative control of Ministry of Railways. In 2010- 11, production of wagons totalled 16,638 in terms of Vehicle Units (VUs). Out of these, 1,570 VUs (including BLC wagons) were manufactured at railway workshops and the remaining 15,068 VUs including 1,347 VUs against WIS, BLC and other private wagons were manufactured by wagon industry.

DuringApril-September,2011,10,752VUswereproduced. Out of which, 1,749 VUs (including 160 VUs CONCOR wagons) were manufactured at railway workshops and the balance 9,003 VUs including 341 VUs against WIS, BLC and other private wagons were manufactured by wagon industry.

Maintenance of Rolling Stock

Picturesque view of DMU train running on Jammu-Srinagar rail section, Northern Railway.

The number of units of rolling stock given periodic overhaul (POH) in railway workshops during the year and the percentage of stock overdue periodic overhaul at the end of the year are given in the following table:

Type of

Periodic overhaul

Overdue POH (%) at the end of the

Rolling Stock

(Nos.) undertaken

year

 

during the year

 

A view of a train passing through a Railway bridge on Jammu-Srinagar section.

(BG + MG)

B.G.

M.G.

 

2009-10 2010-11

2009-10 2010-11

2009-10 2010-11

Deluxe Twin Bedroom – Maharaja

Express.

 

 

 

Diesel Locos

562

530

0.3

1.3

1.6

0.8

 

Electric Locos

391

379

0.3

0.2

–

–

 

Coaches

27,647

27,018

1.3

1.6

5.4

4.2

 

Wagons

45,806

45,625

1.4

1.3

6.3

6.3

Multi-Model Transport System (MMTS)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Car under maintenance, South Central

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

47

The percentage of ineffective stock to the total stock on line for different types of rolling stock was as follows:

Type of Rolling Stock

Percentage of ineffective stock to

 

 

total on line

 

 

B.G.

 

M.G.

 

 

2009-10 2010-11

2009-10 2010-11

Steam Locos

–

–

*9.93

23.83

Diesel Locos

*9.33

9.45

*14.48

12.14

Electric Locos

7.00

7.08

–

–

EMU Coaches

*13.20

13.10

–

–

Passenger Carriages

6.98

6.53

6.92

6.41

Other Coaching Vehicles

6.32

6.44

0.96

1.38

Wagons

*4.07

4.42

19.72

20.12

* revised

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Export Order

The total value of exports during 2010-11 was `200.05 crore. The cumulative value of export of rolling stock/spares up to the end of March 2010 and March 2011 was `1,029.23 crore and `1,229.28 crore, respectively. The value of export of rolling stock/spares during April – September, 2011 was `168.43 crore.

These exports included locomotives, coaches, spare parts, cranes, loco and coaches on lease, lease-cum-maintenance of YDM4 MG diesel locomotives with KTMB, consultancy and maintenance services to developing countries like Angola, Benin, Malaysia, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Peru, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan and Tanzania.

Modernisation of Workshops

Central Organisation for Modernisation of Workshops (COFMOW) was set up in 1979. The organisation plays a major

48

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

role in providing consultancy and engineering inputs for tech- nology upgradation and improving productivity of manufactur- ing units, repair workshops and maintenance depots of IR.

COFMOW has kept itself abreast of global technological developments and acquired considerable expertise over the years in the fields of machinery selection and procurement. It has been instrumental in the dissemination of technical knowl- edge to railway units and organizing training of personnel in op- eration and maintenance of manufacturing infrastructure at pe- riodic intervals. It has assisted suppliers in manufacturing special purpose machines for exclusive application by the Railways.

COFMOW has also been assisting IR in preparation of technical specification, procurement, delivery and commission- ing of machinery and plant. It has been actively engaged in organizing seminars on new technologies for the benefit of its customers.

COFMOW has been designated as the nodal agency for procuring disaster management items like under-water oxy- cutting equipment, inflatable tents, air bags, synthetic packings, portable electrical tools and fire fighting equipment, etc. for all the Zonal Railways. It also undertakes centralized purchase of hydraulic rescue devices and hydraulic re-railing equipment.

COFMOW has recently been entrusted with the responsi- bility of setting up the new stainless steel coach manufacturing line at Integral Coach Factory, Chennai on turn-key basis. This includes procurement of machinery and plant as well as associ- ated civil and electrical works, preparation of technical specifica- tions, estimates, ordering and execution of all the components of the work.

Inside view of Diesel shed, Siliguri, Northeast Frontier Railway.

Inside view of Bamangachi Workshop, Eastern Railway.

Inside view of Kancharapara Workshop, Eastern Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

49

Materials Management

Stocking Depots

Zonal Railways and Production Units run 259 Stocking Depots over the railway network for uninterrupted supply of railway materials and stores. Over 1.8 lakh materials components of various descriptions are stocked in these depots.

Disposal of unserviceable items

Generation of revenue through disposal of surplus and obsolete items and industrial wastes is another important function of materials management. During 2010-11, `4,409 crore was realised from disposal of unserviceable stores.

Expenditure on Purchases

During 2010-11, expenditure on procurement of materials for operation, maintenance and production, etc. (excluding cost of ballast, track related items, materials supplied by contractors for civil construction works) was `29,099 crore.

A broad analysis of purchases made is given below:

(` in crore)

2009-10 2010-11

Stores for operation, repairs and maintenance

8,277

8,539

Stores for construction

986

925

Fuel

7,619

8,263

Stores for manufacture of Rolling Stock

 

 

and purchase of complete units

10,994

11,372

Total

27,876

29,099

Procurement of Iron & Steel Materials

IR’s requirement of iron and steel materials was met indigenously. Procurement during 2010-11 was 3.20 lakh metric tonnes for `1,724 crore as against 1.25 lakh metric tonnes for `721 crore during 2009-10. 1.4 lakh metric tonnes of iron and steel materials valued at `809.75 crore were procured during April-September, 2011.

Mode of Procurement

Zonal Railways and Production Units procure most of the materials directly. However, some items are procured through Railway Board. Certain purchases are also made through

50

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals (DGS&D). Of the `29,099 crore of stores procured in 2010-11, Zonal Railways and Production Units accounted for 53%, Railway Board 45% and DGS&D and other sources 2% of the total purchases.

During 2010-11, stores worth `1,701 crore were purchased from Small Scale Sector and Khadi & Village Industries. Whereas Public Sector Undertakings contributed 29%, other industries contributed 71% towards supplies.

Indigenous Development

Indigenous purchases of stores (`28,017 crore) comprised 96% of the total purchases in 2010-11. However, IR had to depend on imports of certain high technology components for its recently acquired diesel and electric locomotives, coaches as well as for sophisticated signal and telecom equipments and raw materials which are not available in adequate quantity of the required quality within the country.

The shares of imports and indigenous purchases, were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

(` in crore)

Name of stores

 

2009-10

 

 

2010-11

 

 

$Imports

Indigenous

Total

$Imports

Indigenous

Total

Steam loco parts and fittings

–

0.7

0.7

-

3.4

3.4

Diesel loco parts and fittings

781.9

2,775.0

3,556.9

828.2

3,128.9

3,957.1

Electric loco parts and fittings

89.9

1,753.0

1,842.9

52.5

1,808.3

1,860.8

Carriage, wagon and EMU

114.1

3,516.7

3,630.8

66.4

3,727.5

3,793.9

parts and fittings

 

 

 

 

 

 

Electric stores

0.7

985.3

986.0

0.9

1,103.0

1,103.9

Engineering stores

52.0

335.5

387.5

28.6

281.3

309.9

Ball and roller bearings

0.1

112.6

112.7

0.9

137.6

138.5

General stores covering acid,

44.5

278.6

323.1

6.8

289.8

296.6

chemicals, drugs, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other items (including Metal

67.7

16,968.1

17,035.8

98.1

17,537.3

17,635.4

ferrous complete units of

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rolling Stock i.e. bogies,

 

 

 

 

 

 

wheel-sets, couplers, etc.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

1,150.9

26,725.5

27,876.4

1,082.4

28,017.1

29,099.5

$ (a) Import content represents landed cost (after adding customs duty, etc.)

(b) Value of imported stores purchased in India is also included. Note: The figures represent value of stores received during the year.

Inventories

During 2010-11, the Turn Over Ratio (TOR) – the main efficiency indicator for inventory management – was 13% (without fuel) and 11% (with fuel).

The inventory (without fuel) held by IR was `2,092.93 crore (`2,598.37 crore with fuel) during the year against total issues of `16,091.32 crore (`24,584.46 crore with fuel).

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

51

Research and Development

Research, Designs & Standards Organisation (RDSO), the R&D Organisation of Indian Railways, functions as the technical adviser to Railway Board, Zonal Railways and Production Units. Its manifold achievements in developing new and improved designs and adopting new technologies for use on IR have attracted world-wide attention. RDSO is striving to achieve breakthroughs which would have a significant impact on infrastructure, rolling stock and operating framework of IR.

Some of the major activities and projects undertaken/ completed by RDSO during the year are given below:

Safety

ï‚—

Development of a new crashworthy design of

 

4500 HP WDG4 locomotive incorporating new

 

technology to improve dynamic braking and attain

 

significant fuel savings.

Development of Drivers’ Vigilance Telemetric Control System which directly measures and analyzes variations in biometric parameters to determine the state of alertness of the driver.

ï‚—Development of Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS).

ï‚—Development of Computer Aided Drivers Aptitude test equipment for screening high speed train drivers for Rajdhani/Shatabdi Express trains to evaluate their reaction time, form perception, vigilance and speed anticipation.

ï‚—Assessment of residual fatigue life of critical railway components like rail, rail weld, wheels, cylinder head, OHE mast, catenary wire, contact wire, wagon components, low components, etc. to formulate remedial actions.

ï‚—Modification of specification of Electric Lifting Barrier to improve its strength and reliability.

ï‚—Design and development of modern fault tolerant, fail- safe, maintainer friendly Electronic Interlocking system.

52

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Passenger Amenities

ï‚—Development of 4500 HP Hotel Load Locomotive to provide clean and noise free power supply to coaches from locomotive to eliminate the existing generator car of Garib Rath express trains.

ï‚—Field trials conducted for electric locomotive hauling Rajdhani/Shatabdi express trains with Head On Generation (HOG) system to provide clean and noise free power supply to end on coaches.

ï‚—Development of WiMAX technology to provide internet access to the passengers in running trains.

Infrastructure

ï‚—Redesigning of Traction Sub Station (TSS) Layout which can be accommodated in smaller footprint.

ï‚—Setting up of XRD testing facilities for porcelain insulators.

ï‚—Development of Internet Protocol (IP) Based train control communication system.

ï‚—Development of Lightning & Surge Protection and Earthing Arrangement for Signal and Telecommunication equipments.

ï‚—Development of non-metallic Telecom Cable Termination box.

ï‚—Development of track side bogie monitoring system to monitor bearing and bogie condition.

ï‚—Development of technology in collaboration with Indian Institute of Technology to measure wheel dynamic calibration Rolling Rig.

ï‚—Development of 500t Universal Spring structure fatigue testing machine.

Operational Efficacy

ï‚—Design and development of 5000 HP WDG5 diesel locomotive for faster, longer and heavier trains.

ï‚—Development of improved rubber side bearer for locomotive bogies to improve fatigue life and reliability.

ï‚—Framing of technical specification of Guidance for

4500 HP Hotel Load Locomotive.

Measuring wheel dynamic calibration Rolling Rig.

Guidance for Optimised Loco Driving (GOLD).

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

53

Optimised Loco Driving (GOLD) - an in-cab service system – to help loco pilot to save fuel.

ï‚—Trial of modified bogie for WDP1 locomotive incorporating certain changes to make it reliable and maintenance friendly.

ï‚—Design and development of high performance fuel- efficient 2300 HP freight/industrial/shunting locomotive (WDS7A).

ï‚—Development of GPS based Destination Board Display- cum-Passenger Information System (Audio & Visual) for BG DEMUs for passenger convenience.

ï‚—Developmentofoilfreecompressorsforelectriclocomotives to attain reduced maintenance cost and down time locos, etc.

ï‚—Development of Roof Mounted Force Cooled Dynamic Braking Resistors for AC electric locomotives.

ï‚—Development of air operated Pantograph, with distinct advantage of light weight, improved dynamic behaviour and low maintenance free operation.

ï‚—Development of stranded type galvanized steel traction bond and galvanized steel stranded wire for theft prone areas.

ï‚—Development of Block Proving by Axle Counter to reduce human dependence in train operation and improve safety.

Indigenous Development

ï‚—Development of Transformer Tank for 3-phase electric locomotives to eliminate dependence on import.

ï‚—Development of indigenous CCC Rod for manufacture of 107 square mm contact wire.

ï‚—Development, installation and commissioning of user- friendly software consisting of mind games for sharpening

54

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

mental skills and safety aptitude for hands-on-practice for trainees.

Inspection & Quality Audit

ï‚—Inspection of fabrication of 27,770 MT of steel girders.

ï‚—Inspection and quality audit for various geotechnical problems and issue of consultancies to various Zonal Railways.

ï‚—Inspection of various developmental items like welded components of steel bridges and quality audit on ultrasonic testing of axles, etc.

Consultancy

ï‚—Review of Equipment Ratings of Traction Sub-station.

ï‚—Consultancy on design tools for checking the design adequacy of straight alignment bridges for use on curvatures up to 3 degrees.

ï‚—Consultancy for addressing failure of cross girder of rail- cum-road bridge on river Ganga near Mokama.

ï‚—Consultancy suggesting remedial measures for rehabili- tation of weak formations.

Tests and Trials

ï‚—Prototype of four-wheeler tower wagon for preventive maintenance of overhead equipment approved and regular inspection and dispatch clearance accorded.

ï‚—Trials conducted to evaluate effectiveness of mobile jammers for locomotives along with GPS based speed sensing device to activate the jammers.

ï‚—Field trials conducted for guidelines and specifications of design of formation for heavy Axle Load.

ï‚—Fatigue testing of newly designed monoblock pre-stressed concrete sleepers.

ï‚—Fatigue testing of composite sleepers for 2.0 million cycles of loading.

ï‚—Fatigue and bending test of joggled fish plate.

4 - Wheeler Tower Wagon.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

55

Managing the Environment

Railways are one of the least polluting modes of transport. Efforts are being made to further reduce the impact of railway operation on the environment. Some of the important steps taken in this direction are enumerated in the succeeding paras.

Eliminating the use of wooden sleepers

Concerted efforts are being made to eliminate the use of wooden sleepers. IR has stopped using wooden sleepers on main lines. Composite sleepers made of a polymer matrix, typically post-consumer recycled high density polyethylene (HDPE), with reinforcing fibres are being developed as an alternative to wooden sleepers.

Afforestation

In pursuance of Railways' commitment towards clean environment and also to safeguard the precious railway land against unauthorized occupation, IR has undertaken afforestation on its vacant land on a large scale and brought approximately 0.45 lakh hectares of railway land under green cover. During 2010-11, about 94.38 lakh saplings were planted on railway land.

Energy Conservation

Vision 2020 document envisages sourcing of at least 10% of energy through new and renewable energy sources and achieving 15% enhanced energy through improved energy efficiency in both traction as well as non-traction use.

In keeping with policy guidelines for promotion of renewable energy sources, about 201 number of solar panels at stations, 587 number of solar panels at level crossing gates, 4 number of solar + wind (hybrid system) for level crossing gates, 130 number of solar based street lights for colonies and training schools and 489 number of solar based water heaters in running rooms/hospitals/rest houses/canteens/base kitchens, etc. were provided during 2010-11. Approximately 14 lakh CFLs have been distributed to railway households to help reduce 0.1 million ton of carbon dioxide emissions.

56

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

A 10 MW wind mill has been set up at Integral Coach Factory (ICF), Chennai which is expected to earn about 20,000 CERs (Carbon Emission Reduction) per annum. Two more wind mill plants of 10.5 MW capacity have been sanctioned for Southern and North Western Railways through Public Private Participation.

New trains introduced in Mumbai suburban section with IGBT based propulsion system have been equipped with regenerative braking features which have recorded energy regeneration while braking to the tune of 30-35% of energy used for hauling these trains.

To leverage the Clean Development Mechanism framework, IR in association with World Bank, has developed a Project Design Document for registration with UNFCCC to reduce carbon dioxide emissions per annum.

Ministry of Power & Bureau of Energy Efficiency have given 1st & 2nd prize for National Energy Conservation Award during 2010 to East Coast Railway and Northeast Frontier Railway respectively. Certificates of Merit were given to South Central, Southern and West Central Railways for their best efforts in implementing the energy conservation measures. The 1st and 2nd prize for Hospital Sector under Hospital Category (Open category) at national level has been given to Railway Hospital, Kota (West Central Railway) and Bikaner (North Western Railway) respectively.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

57

Personnel

Industrial Relations

IR experienced best of ‘Industrial relations’ during the year. Railway employees participated wholeheartedly in all initiatives taken during the year for enhancing the performance of IR. Free exchange of views and ideas between the management and organized labour has resulted in greater transparency in decision making process besides contributing significantly to congenial industrial environment.

Number of Personnel

Group-wise and Department-wise break-up of railway employees as on 31-3-2011 and 31-3-2010 are as follows:

Group-wise break-up

* As on

As on

 

 

31-3-2010

31-3-2011

Group A

8,606

8,791

Group B

8,143

8,053

Group C:

 

 

(i)

Workshop & Artisan

3,00,486

3,29,253

(ii)

Running

88,587

94,850

(iii)

Others

5,37,456

6,52,786

Group D:

 

 

(i)

Workshop & Artisan

1,02,457

55,485

(ii)

Others

3,16,396

1,78,981

Total

 

13,62,131

13,28,199

*revised

58

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Department-wise

As on

As on

break-up

31-3-2010

31-3-2011

Administration

45,873

44,620

Accounts

*29,695

29,286

Engineering

*3,27,638

3,09,774

Signal and Telecom

*68,986

68,051

Transportation

*1,64,061

1,61,707

Commercial

*98,387

96,247

Mechanical Engineering

3,20,195

3,14,866

Stores

*28,829

28,224

Electrical

*1,62,053

1,59,675

Medical

45,361

44,636

R.P.F.

53,151

53,409

Railway Board/other railway

 

 

offices, including RPSF

*17,902

17,704

Total

*13,62,131

13,28,199

*revised

 

 

 

 

 

Wage Bill

Wage Bill including pension etc. at `53,706.96 crore increased by `1,987.54 crore – registering a rise of 3.84% over the previous year. The average wage per employee was up by 6.53% from `3,82,472 per annum to `4,07,448 per annum. The ratio of staff cost on open line (excluding payment towards pension and gratuity) to ordinary working expenses (excluding appropriation to DRF and Pension Fund) was 54.74%.

The total number of personnel as on 31st March and the average annual wage per employee for the last two years, are as follows:

 

 

2009-10

2010-11

 

 

 

 

Total number of personnel (in

1,362

1,328

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average annual wage per

*3,82,472

4,07,448

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

employee (` )

 

 

 

 

 

 

* revised

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

59

Representation of Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled

Tribes (STs)

The representation of SC & ST employees on IR (including MTP Railways) for the year 2010-11 as compared to the previous year is given below:

 

No. of SC employees

No. of ST employees

 

*As on

As on

*As on

As on

 

31-3-2010 31-3-2011

31-3-2010 31-3-2011

Group A

1,255

1,170

647

636

 

(14.50%)

(13.22%)

(7.47%)

(7.18%)

Group B

1,264

1,141

509

506

 

(15.43%)

(14.08%)

(6.21%)

(6.25%)

Group C

1,39,744

1,59,165

61,151

70,887

 

(15.02%)

(14.75%)

(6.57%)

(6.57%)

Group D

62,553

39,366

26,648

16,855

(excluding

(16.49%)

(19.48%)

(7.03%)

(8.34%)

‘Safaiwalas’)

 

 

 

 

Group D

21,920

16,690

2,233

1,563

(‘Safaiwalas’)

(54.60%)

(49.43%)

(5.56%)

(4.64%)

Total

2.04,816

2.00,842

88,955

88,884

(excluding

(15.44%)

(15.47%)

(6.71%)

(6.85%)

‘Safaiwalas’)

 

 

 

 

Grand Total

2,26,736

2,17,532

91,188

90,447

(including

(16.59%)

(16.33%)

(6.67%)

(6.79%)

‘Safaiwalas’)

 

 

 

 

*revised

(Figures in brackets indicate %ages to the total staff in the respective Groups.)

Fully dedicated reservation cell exists at the Ministry/ Railway Zone/Division/Workshop/Production Unit, to deal with the grievances of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes and to ensure speedy redressal of grievances and appropriate implementation of policies.

Railway Recruitment Boards

During 2010-11, the RRBs supplied panels of 5,913 candidates for appointment to Group ‘C’ posts. After technical audit, the procedure of transportation, storage and distribution of Question Papers was further modified.

Productivity Linked Bonus

In 2010-11, all non-gazetted railway employees (excluding

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

RPF/RPSF personnel) were sanctioned Productivity Linked Bonus (PLB) for 78 days. This benefitted an estimated 12.61 lakh employees. Group ‘C’ and ‘D’ RPF/RPSF personnel were sanctioned ad-hoc bonus equivalent to 30 days' emoluments for the year 2010-11.

Human Resource Development (HRD) and Manpower

Planning

Human resource development strategies on IR have been re-oriented towards enhancing the competitiveness of the Railway organisations in the context of internal and external changes in the environment. In addition to in-house training, railwaymen are being provided specialized training in other institutions in India and abroad. Railway employees are also encouraged to enhance their knowledge and skills by acquiring higher educational qualifications in the specified areas relevant to their work by granting incentives to them. Efforts are being made to improve the basic infrastructure for training to provide structured training programme in improved learning environment. Manpower planning system has been redesigned to regulate manpower intake with reference to emerging business needs and financial viability of the system.

Newly constructed Running Room at Jagdalpur, Waltair Division, East Coast Railway.

Following seven Centralised Training Institutes (CTIs) cater Railway Staff College, Vadodara. to the training needs of railway officers:

ï‚—Railway Staff College, Vadodara.

ï‚—Indian Railways Institute of Civil Engineering, Pune.

ï‚—Indian Railways Institute of Signal Engineering and Telecommunications, Secunderabad.

ï‚—Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical & Electrical Engineering, Jamalpur.

ï‚—Indian Railways Institute of Electrical Engineering, Nasik.

ï‚—Indian Railways Institute of Transport Management, Lucknow.

ï‚—Jagjivan Ram Railway Protection Force Academy, Lucknow.

TheCentralizedTrainingInstitutes,apartfromprobationary training, cater to various specialised training needs of IR officers. Railway Staff College provides inputs in General Management, Strategic Management and function-related areas for serving

Newly constructed Running Room for Guards and Drivers, North Central Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

61

railway officers. Other CTIs conduct specialised technical training courses in respective functional areas. Training programmes on Information Technology are also being conducted by the CTIs to provide solutions for information management and decision support requirements. Need based special courses conducted by CTIs and facilities offered by them to trainees from abroad and non-railway organizations in India have been well appreciated. The training programmes emphasize on professional approach to learning with a purpose. In addition to in-house faculty, faculties with diverse experience in business, industry and government are engaged to meet the changing needs arising out of technological development and socio-economic transformation.

Training requirements of non-gazetted staff are taken care of by over 300 training centres located over IR. Training has been made mandatory at different stages for staff belonging to the safety and technical categories. Certain categories of staff overdue for refresher training are taken off from sensitive duty, till completion of the training. Efforts are constantly made to improve living conditions in the hostels, provide better mess facilities, strengthen facilities for recreational and cultural activities and make good the deficiencies in respect of training aids including improvement of the Model Rooms.

As a policy, Board has been encouraging the setting up of multidisciplinary training centres where cross-functional competencies could be imparted to railway employees from different functional areas.

During 2010-11, a total of 7,547 Gazetted Officers and 2,98,421 Non-Gazetted Staff underwent different types of training programmes.

Railway Health Services

IR health care system with a chain of 125 hospitals, 586 health units, managed by 2,506 doctors and about 54,000 paramedical staff along with visiting specialists forms an integral part of ‘total health care solution’ made available for its 65 lakh beneficiaries – both serving and retired. Apart from attending to the patients, activities like monitoring the quality of food & water, maintaining colony sanitation etc. are undertaken. Doctors in zonal hospitals are also engaged in teaching and imparting training to post graduate students for specialist and super specialist courses.

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Many innovative steps have been taken by IR Medical Services to augment the health services for better patient care, like starting a super speciality cardiac centre at BR Singh Hospital, Eastern Railway, Kolkata and OPD and Physiotherapy wing in upcoming Metro Hospital at Kolkata, sanctioning of 20 road mobile medical vans manned by doctors/paramedical staff with emergency equipments to attend to ailing railway employees/ families in far flung areas, extending pilot project for providing medical team in Duronto trains for another year, including legally dependent divorced daughter of railway employees for availing health care services, providing dormitories for attendants of patients in divisional hospitals, etc.

A Memorandum-of-Understanding has been signed between Ministry of Railways and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to develop health care infrastructure on vacant railway land for opening of OPDs & Diagnostic Centres, etc. for railway passengers, railway employees and their families.

Resources available:

 

2010-11

No. of hospitals

125

No. of total indoor beds

13,963

No. of health units/polyclinics

587

No. of lock up dispensaries

92

No. of private hospitals recognised for medical treatment

150

(approximately)

 

 

 

Advance Cardiac centre at B.R. Singh Hospital, Eastern Railway.

Advance Cardiac centre at B.R. Singh Hospital, Eastern Railway.

Performance during 2010-11:

Total OPD cases attended

2,57,30,614

Total indoor cases admitted

4,90,297

No. of major surgeries performed

49,044

Bed occupancy rate (BOR)

62.92

Average length of stay (ALS)(in days)

6.61

Percentage of mandays lost on account of sickness

0.72

(PMC)

 

Percentage of mandays lost on account of Railway

1.6

Medical Certificate/Hurt on Duty/Injured on Duty

 

No. of new candidates examined for fitness

31,807

No. of employees who underwent periodical

1,40,354

medical examination.

 

 

 

Advance Cardiac centre at B.R. Singh Hospital, Eastern Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

63

No. of medical boards constituted

2,934

No. of food samples collected under Prevention of

6,335

Food Adulteration (PFA) Act

 

No. of water samples examined :

 

For residual chlorine

8,49,351

For bacteriological test

65,905

No. of sick passengers attended to by Railway

32,095

doctors

 

 

 

Staff Welfare

IR's welfare schemes cover a wide spectrum of activities in the areas of education, medical care, housing, sports, recreation and catering.

Staff Benefit Fund is an important channel for providing additional facilities to railway employees and their families in the spheres of education, recreation, medicare, sports, scouting and cultural activities. Dispensaries under the indigenous systems of medicine, viz. Ayurvedic and Homeopathic, are run with the help of this Fund.

Approximately 42% staff have been provided with railway quarters. 2,033 staff quarters were electrified during 2010-11.

253 canteens served subsidized meals and refreshments to employees during the year at their work-places.

Co-operative societies of various types are engaged as a part of welfare programme for employees. Besides, a large number of Thrift and Credit Societies, 166 registered Railwaymen's Consumer Co-operative Societies, 14 Railwaymen's Co-operative Housing Societies and 31 Labour Co-operative Societies were functional on IR during 2010-11.

IR attaches due importance to recreation for its employees and provides excellent facilities through Institutes/ Clubs for sports, libraries, etc. and Holiday Homes to enable the employees and their families to enjoy holidays at nominal expenses.

Pension Adalats

Long-standing disputes or delays in the settlement of dues of superannuated railway employees are decided on the spot in

64

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Pension Adalats organized at Zonal and Divisional Headquarters level. 5,303 cases were decided in the Pension Adalats held during the year.

Railway Minister’s Welfare and Relief Fund

The Fund provides financial assistance and relief to railway employees and their families at times of distress. Voluntary contributions from the employees and Railway Women's Welfare Organizations constitute the primary sources of the Fund. In 2010-11, a sum of approximately `67.8 lakh was received as contributions from railway employees to this Fund.

Railway Schools

Swimming pool at Subedarganj Railway Colony, North Central Railway.

IR run and manage one Degree College and 221 Railway Schools which include nearly 100 Senior/Secondary/High Schools. These schools provide quality education at subsidized cost to about 44,792 children of railway employees and about 39,346 non-railway wards. Around 3,097 teachers and 825 non-teaching staff are employed in these railway schools. IR also supports 77 Kendriya Vidyalayas for the benefit of wards of railway employees.

Outstanding Achievements in Sports

Starting only with hockey, athletics and table tennis in 1928, the Railways Sports Promotion Board (RSPB) has 29 sports disciplines now, including some popular indigenous games. IR’s sportspersons have won acclaim both at International and National levels.

At International level like Asian Wrestling Championship and USIC (Union Sportive Internationale des Cheminots), etc., Railway sportspersons exhibited exemplary skill and won Gold, Silver & Bronze Medals in various disciplines like Wrestling, Table Tennis, Shooting and Golf. In the Commonwealth Games 2010 held at New Delhi, IR sportspersons have made commendable achievements by winning 13 Gold, 3 Silver and 9 Bronze Medals in various disciplines, out of 101 Medals won by the Indian contingent. In the Asian Games 2010, held at Guangzhou (China), out of 65 Medals won by the Indian contingent, 15 (7 Gold, 1 Silver and 7 Bronze) were won by the IR sportspersons.

Indoor Stadium at Maligaon, Northeast

Frontier Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

65

At the national level, during 2010-11, IR teams participated in 53 National Championships and were winners in 25 disciplines and stood runners-up in 8. National titles in Men’s section were for Athletics, Basketball, Boxing, Cycling (Road & Track), Diving, Gymnastics, Kabaddi, Kho-Kho, Powerlifting, Water Polo and Wrestling (Free Style & Greco Roman). In Women’s section, the titles won were for Athletics, Archery, Basketball, Cricket, Cross Country, Diving, Gymnastics, Handball, Hockey, Kabaddi and Volleyball. Besides, seven IR sportspersons have received the National Sports Awards 2011.

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Welfare, Development and

Empowerment of Women

IR is the largest employer in the country with 13,28,199 employees of which 84,931 are women employees as on March 31, 2011. Due emphasis is laid on staff welfare by the Railways. Although, majority of the Railways’ staff welfare schemes and activities benefit both male and female employees, various initiatives are aimed at women employees and also women members of the employees’ families. Various privileges available to other women government servants are also available to women railway employees which include provision for grant of maternity leave, child care leave and special leave for promoting family welfare. Women with disabilities are eligible for grant of special allowance for child care.

A large number of staff welfare activities are financed through Staff Benefit Fund maintained on each Zonal Railway, with a specific outlay towards women empowerment activities. A separate amount has also been earmarked in the Staff Benefit Fund for grant of scholarships for higher education of girl child of railway employees.

To improve working environment for the women employees, committees have been formed at various levels to address complaints relating to sexual harassment. A number of crèches have been opened at workplaces/offices for the young children of employees and rest rooms for women employees.

Handicraft centres and Mahila Samities operate under the Staff Benefit Fund Scheme in order to help women members of employees’ families in augmenting the family income by learning vocational skills like stitching, weaving, beauty culture, computer operating and making some stationery items required by the Railways.

Another unique feature of women empowerment is the Women Welfare Organizations in the Railways comprising wives of railways officers, which are proactive in empowerment of women employees and women folks of the employees’ families. Their activities include running of nursery schools, crèches, schools for mentally challenged children, financial assistance in

Women RPF personnel on duty at New Delhi Railway Station, Northern Railway.

Inside view of railway crèche at Northeast Frontier Railway Head Quarters at Maligaon.

Inside view of railway crèche at Northeast Frontier Railway Head Quarters at Maligaon.

Inside view of railway crèche at Northeast Frontier Railway Head Quarters at Maligaon.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

67

deserving cases and handicraft centres for women members of employees’ families.

Several railway sportswomen have excelled at national and international level during the year.

Facilities to Persons with Disabilities

The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Right and Full Participation) Act, 1995 was promulgated by Government of India to ensure equal opportunities to persons with disabilities and their full participation in nation building. The implementation of the provisions of the Act requires a multi sectoral collaborative approach of all Ministries of the Central/State Government including the Ministry of Railways.

IR grants concession in train fares to four categories of disabled persons, i.e., (i) orthopaedically handicapped/ paraplegic persons who cannot travel without an escort, (ii) mentally retarded persons who cannot travel without an escort, (iii) completely blind persons and (iv) totally deaf and dumb persons (both afflictions together in the same person). One escort along with each such passenger is also granted the same element of concession. The element of concession for the first three categories is 50% in AC 2-tier & AC First Class, 75% in other classes of Mail/Express fares and 25% concession in AC Chair Car and AC 3-tier Class of all inclusive fares of Rajdhani and Shatabdi trains. The applicable concession for the fourth category is 50% in Second, Sleeper and First Class. These concessions are admissible for any purpose on single journey tickets. In case of Season tickets, 50% concession in First and Second Class is granted.

Amenities to make stations and service buildings more accessible to handicapped are being developed through an action plan in a phased manner. Out of 581 ‘A-I’, ‘A’ and ‘B’ category stations short term facilities have been provided at 524 stations, which include (i) provision of standard ramp with railing for barrier free entry, (ii) earmarking of at least one parking lot for two vehicles used by disabled persons, (iii) provision of a non-slippery walkway from parking lot to building, (iv) provision

68

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

of signages of appropriate visibility, (v) provision of at least one drinking water tap suitable for use by a disabled person, (vi) provision of at least one toilet on the ground floor, (vii) ‘May I help you booth’ and (viii) provision of push button with Braille scripts in all new lifts. These facilities are also being extended to ‘B’ category stations (239 nos).

Railways have planned provision of push button with Braille scripts in all lifts/elevators installed after June, 2008 as also to provide barrier free access including inter-platform transfer at stations through provision of lifts/escalators at 50 major and important stations. RPF personnel are also being trained to assist physically disabled passengers to make their journey more comfortable. Efforts are also being made to ensure that the main entrance and at least one toilet on the ground floor in all service buildings including workshops, attached subordinate offices and autonomous bodies are made accessible to the physically handicapped persons.

Physically handicapped persons with disability of 40% and above including blind are allotted space for setting up STD/PCO booths. A reservation of 25% of the total number of booths has been made for this category.

IR has so far manufactured about 2100 specially designed (SLRD) non-airconditioned coaches, having accommodation for disabled passengers, specially wheel chair borne passengers. Guard-cum-brake van and a non-airconditioned compartment and a toilet adapted to the needs of wheel chair borne/disabled persons have been inducted in important Mail/Express trains. It is planned to provide such coaches at both ends of all Mail/ Express trains so that disabled passengers can be accommodated close to the Guard. Fully air-conditioned Garib Rath trains have also been provided with disabled friendly air conditioned compartment and toilets in the power cars.

Under 3% quota for physically handicapped in recruitment, posts have been identified for three categories of disabilities namely, (i) Blindness or low vision, (ii) Hearing impairment and (iii) Locomotor Disability or Cereberal Palsy. Railways are making their best efforts to fill up the vacancies reserved against physically handicapped quota including 1% quota reserved for visually handicapped in Group ‘C’ & ‘D’ categories. IR has also identified services/posts in Group ‘A’ of Indian Railways Accounts and Indian Railways Medical Services for the disabled in consultation with Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.

Battery operated car at the service of physically challenged passengers at Sealdah Railway Station, Eastern Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

69

Security

Railway Protection Force (RPF) is an ‘Armed Force of the Union’, constituted under the Railway Protection Force Act, 1957 (as amended from time to time), for better protection and security of Railway property, passenger areas and passengers. The Force is empowered under the Railways Act, 1989 to deal with offences such as unauthorized alarm chain pulling, roof travelling, touting, ticketless travel, unauthorized entry into coaches earmarked for ladies, unauthorized vending, trespass etc. and under the Railway Property (Unlawful Possession) Act to deal with offences related to unlawful possession of railway property.

Sanctioned staff strength of the RPF is 74,538. The administrative set-up of the RPF is on the same pattern as that of Indian Railways. RPF has also got Special Force viz., Railway Protection Special Force (RPSF) which is organized on battalion pattern. At present there are 12 battalions of RPSF, located in various parts of the country including vulnerable sections of Jammu & Kashmir, left-wing/naxal affected areas and North East to ensure smooth transportation of goods and passengers and to secure Railway property during bandh, dharna, agitation, etc. RPF personnel have also been deployed overseas under the aegis of United Nations Peace Keeping Missions in countries like Sudan, Kosovo and Cyprus.

Onanaverage,1,275trainsare escortedbyRPFdaily,besides escorting 2,200 Mail/Express trains by Government Railway Police (GRP). The force is actively supplementing the efforts of GRP which functions under the respective State Governments in controlling crime on Railways. A total of 16.27 lakh offenders were prosecuted during the year under various sections of the Railways Act. During the year, 75 cases of drugging, 187 cases of luggage lifting, 42 cases of carrying illegal arms, 61 cases of chain snatching, 111 cases of pickpocketing, 270 cases of trafficking of contraband goods, 117 cases of offences against women and 241 cases of other criminal offences were detected by RPF and 973 offenders were arrested and handed over to GRP for legal action. Also, 1,508 destitute minor girls and boys were rescued and restored to their parents or non-Governmental Organizations.

Comparative position of crime against Railways' property dealt under the Railway Property (Unlawful Possession) Act by RPF during 2010-11 vis-à-vis 2009-10, is as follows:

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

 

No. of cases

No. of persons

Value of property

 

registered

arrested

(` in crores)

 

 

 

Stolen

Recovered

Railway materials and fittings

 

 

 

2009-10

6,290

5,547

3.42

1.85

2010-11

6,064

5,602

3.92

2.38

Booked consignments

 

 

 

2009-10

1,123

788

1.74

1.01

2010-11

1,116

889

1.66

0.79

Security Upgradation

CCTV at Allahabad Station, North Central

Railway.

Integrated security system consisting of IP based CCTV Surveillance System, Access Control, Personal and Baggage Screening System and Bomb Detection and Disposal System is in place to strengthen surveillance mechanism at 202 sensitive railway stations of IR.

For further strengthening of manpower, a massive recruitment drive has been launched by notification of 11,952 posts of Constables and 511 posts of Sub-Inspectors out of which 10% vacancies have been reserved for eligible female candidates and 10% for ex-servicemen.

An All India Security help-line, which can be accessed by the passengers round the clock, is being set-up. Various other measures like networking of RPF Posts and Security Control Rooms, setting-up of a commando training centre for RPF personnel and procurement of modern security equipments have been undertaken.

Amendment to the Railway Property (Unlawful Possession) Act, 1966 has been introduced in the Parliament to widen the ambit of penal sections of the Act and empowering RPF Officer to conduct enquiry on receipt of information about occurrence of an offence against Railway property. Proposal for amendment in the RPF Act 1957 to empower RPF to deal with passenger related offences is also under process.

Encounters with Criminals

During 2010-11, 2 RPF/RPSF personnel laid down their lives and 74 sustained injuries while protecting railway property/ passengers.

CCTV surveillance system, New Delhi Railway Station, Northern Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

71

Meritorious Service

On the occasion of Republic Day and Independence Day 2011, 33 RPF/RPSF personnel were awarded Police Medals for their distinguished and meritorious services by the President of India. Three RPF personnel have been awarded with Railway Minister’s Medal for Best Investigation and three RPF personnel were awarded with Railway Minister’s Medal for Bravery.

Vigilance

Vigilance organization is a major area of management in the Railways. Its role is to ensure that management decisions at all levels are taken in accordance with extant rules and procedures and in an objective and transparent manner.

Steps taken in the direction of preventive vigilance include organizing courses and seminars to educate the staff and officers about correct rules and procedures; distributing educative literature in the form of vigilance bulletins; suggesting modifications in system to make it more responsive and transparent; adopting leveraging technology in decision making to reduce the role of discretionary powers; conducting campaigns through print and electronic media bringing out the role of public at large in curbing corruption; exhorting citizens to make use of the ‘Vig Eye’ facility set up by the Central Vigilance Commission and 24 hour vigilance helpline of the Railways.

Other measures taken by Vigilance organization to reduce corruption include intensifying checks at reservation offices, booking counters, parcel and goods booking offices and other such offices which deal with the public; keeping a watch on the working of officials of doubtful integrity; stringent exemplary action against those found guilty of corruption; educating and training of senior officers in the matter of tenders and contracts; devising steps to empower Railway Protection Force for taking action against touts and unauthorized travel agents; implementation of rotational transfers of officials posted on sensitive seats; preventing leakage of revenue by conducting

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

special drives in mass contact areas, accountal and disposal of scrap, detecting undercharges on account of overloading, leasing of SLRs, etc.

Detection of systemic inadequacies during preventive checks by Vigilance department leads to recommendation of measures to improve working systems. During the year, a number of system improvements were carried out in the organization at the behest of Vigilance.

In the area of preventive vigilance, the aim is thus to improve the knowledge level of staff and officers, to make the system more transparent and predictable, to enhance the use of technology in decision making and to create greater awareness among the public about corruption.

Punitive Vigilance

A comparative statement of the complaints received, investigated and preventive checks carried out during the years 2009-10 and 2010-11 is as under:

Activity

2009-10

2010-11

 

No. of complaints investigated

1,931

2,295

No. of preventive checks

24,913

26,297

conducted

 

 

 

 

 

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

73

Promoting Hindi

Under the provisions of the Official Languages Act, 1963 and the Official Language Rules, 1976, progressive use of Hindi has been a continuing endeavour on IR. As on 31st March, 2011, the total number of notified Railway Offices is 3,534. In these offices, employees who are proficient in Hindi have been directed to transact cent percent work in Hindi on subjects specified under Official Language Rules.

Training in Hindi including Typewriting and Stenography

In addition to the Training Centres set up by the Ministry of Home Affairs, IR also makes arrangements to provide in- service training in Hindi language, Hindi typing and Hindi stenography. The number of employees trained during 2010-11 is as follows:

Activity

As on March 31, 2011

Working knowledge

7,78,505

Typewriting

5,817

Stenography

3,062

Other Activities

The existing policy of acquiring bilingual electronic equipments including computers is being followed. At the end of the year 2010-11, 34,716 bilingual personal computers were available in various offices of IR. In order to promote usage of Hindi in Railway offices, various Manuals, Station-Working Rules etc. are being published bilingually. At present, all Codes/ Manuals of Railway Board are bilingual. Out of 6,499 Station Working Rules on the Zonal Railways, 6,253 are in Hindi and out of the total of 28,654 local, statutory and standard forms on the Zonal Railways and Production Units, 28,559 forms have been made bilingual and the rest are under translation. Presently, more than 17 lakh books in Hindi are available in 1001 libraries on IR.

Official Language Implementation Committees

To review the progress of the use of Hindi, 1,006 Official Language Implementation Committees are functioning on the Railways and Production Units including those at stations and other railway offices. Besides, at the Railway Board level,

74

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Railway Board Official Language Implementation Committee has been constituted which conducted three meetings in 2010-11.

Incentive Schemes for the use of Hindi

Various incentive schemes have been implemented to encourage Railway personnel to work in Hindi. Prominent among them are the individual Rajbhasha Cash Awards, Group Award Scheme, Prem Chand and Maithili Sharan Gupt Awards besides other awards for elocution/noting/drafting in Hindi. In order to encourage railway personnel to write technical books in Hindi on Railway functioning, they are awarded under Lal Bahadur Shastri Original Technical Books Writing Scheme every year.

In the year 2010-11 too, Ministry of Railways received the First prize under Indira Gandhi Rajbhasha Award Scheme from the Honourable President of India for the outstanding usage of Hindi in official work.

Hindi Parliamentary Committee Meeting,

Eastern Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

75

North Eastern Region

North Eastern Region comprising of 8 states viz., Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim is being served by Northeast Frontier Railway. Development of rail infrastructure in North Eastern Region is one of the priority areas of the Ministry of Railways. The endeavor of the Government is to provide rail connectivity to all the sister states in the Region and thereafter, extend the same to the capital cities.

Up to 31.3.2011, `8856.88 crore have been spent on various projects and other works in the Region. At present, 17 construction projects, viz., 12 new line, 3 gauge conversion, 1 doubling and 1 railway electrification project are being executed in the North Eastern Region at an anticipated cost of `23,816 crore.

The details of the ongoing projects are as under:

Name of the

Length

Antici-

Expendi-

Status

project

in kms

pated

ture upto

 

 

 

cost

31.3.2011

 

 

 

(` in

(` in crore)

 

 

 

crore)

 

 

NEW LINES

 

 

 

 

Agartala-

110

1,141.75

227.98

Target Date of Completion

Sabroom

 

 

 

(TDC) – March, 2014.

Teteliya-Byrnihat

21.50

384.04

81.04

TDC – March, 2014.

Bhairabi-Sairang

51.38

619.34

20.68

TDC – March, 2015.

Bogibeel Bridge

73

3,230.01

2,268.56

Work in progress

Dimapur-Kohima

88

850.00

12.64

Tentative TDC – March,

(Zubza)

 

 

 

2015.

Dudhnoi-

19.75

120.00

56.07

TDC – March, 2013.

Mendipathar

 

 

 

 

Harmuti-

20

254.29

167.29

TDC – March, 2012.

Naharlagun

 

 

 

 

Jiribam-Tupul-

125

3,058.85

505.70

TDC of Jiribam-Tupul

Imphal

 

 

 

section – March 2014 and

 

 

 

 

Tupul-Imphal section –

 

 

 

 

March, 2016.

New Maynaguri-

260

1,497.74

748.85

Work in progress.

Jogighopa

 

 

 

 

Sivok-Rangpo

44.4

1,339.50

121.42

MoU signed with IRCON

Byrnihat-Shillong

108.4

4,083.02

0.81

TDC – March, 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Murkongselek-

30.62

165.82

-

Work included in 2011-12.

Pasighat

 

 

 

 

II GAUGE CONVERSION

 

 

 

Katakhal-Bhairabi

84

223.01

97.85

Work in progress.

Lumding-Silchar

482.73

4,355.37

2,741.7

TDC – December, 2013.

Rangiya-

510.33

1,555.23

639.14

TDCforRangiya-Rangpara

Murkongselek

 

 

 

North Section – March,

alongwith linked

 

 

 

2012 and for the entire

fingers

 

 

 

project – March, 2013.

III DOUBLING

 

 

 

 

New Guwahati-

29.81

116.24

107.50

Patch doubling completed.

Digaru

 

 

 

 

IV RAILWAY ELECTRIFICATION

 

 

Barauni-Katihar-

809

821.53

25.2

TDC – March, 2012

Guwahati

 

 

 

 

Detailed position of on-going projects is as under

I NEW LINES

1. Agartala-Sabroom

Length : 110 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 1,141.75 crore Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 227.98 crore

Status: This is a ‘National Project’. Final Location Survey (FLS) and staking of alignment on ground completed from Agartala to Sabroom. Land acquisition, earthwork and bridge works etc. are in progress. Detailed Estimate for 44 kms. from Agartala to Udaipur has been sanctioned. TDC-March, 2014.

2. Teteliya-Byrnihat

Length : 21.50 kms. Anticipated Cost : ` 384.04 crore

Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 81.04 crore

Status: This is a ‘National Project’. Entire land has been acquired in Assam portion. The issue of acquisition of land in Meghalaya has been taken up with the State Government of Meghalaya. FLS has been completed. TDC-March, 2014.

3. Bhairabi-Sairang

Length : 51.38 kms. Anticipated Cost : ` 619.34 crore

Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 20.68 crore

Status: The project has been declared as a‘ National Project’. FLS including staking of alignment on ground has been completed in the entire length. Proposal for land acquisition has been submitted to State Government. Tendering for earthwork and minor bridges, tunnels and major bridges are under process. TDC- March, 2015.

Gauge conversion work at Katihar - Mukuria section, Northeast Frontier Railway.

Tunnel construction work – Lumding- Silchar gauge conversion (National Project), Northeast Frontier Railway.

Tunnel construction work – Lumding- Silchar gauge conversion (National Project), Northeast Frontier Railway.

Tunnel construction work – Lumding- Silchar gauge conversion (National Project), Northeast Frontier Railway.

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4. Bogibeel Bridge with linking lines between Dibrugarh and North Bank Line

Length : 73 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 3,230.01 crore Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 2,268.56 crore

Status: The project has been declared as a ‘National Project’. The work of construction of embankment, major and minor bridges has been completed in the North and South Bank of the bridge. Moranhat-Chalkhowa (44 km) in South Bank completed and commissioned. Contract for main bridge superstructure has been awarded.

5. Dimapur-Kohima (Zubza)

Length : 88 kms. Anticipated Cost : ` 850 crore

Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 12.64 crore

Status: The project has been declared as a ‘National Project’. FLS has been completed in the entire length. Geo-technical investigation is in progress. Issues relating to approval of alignment and land compensation have been taken up with the State Government of Nagaland. Tentative TDC- March, 2015.

6. Dudhnoi-Mendipathar

Length : 19.75 kms. Anticipated Cost : ` 120 crore

Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 56.07 crore

Status : FLS and Joint Survey for land acquisition for the proposed alternative route have been completed. Contract for earthwork awarded. Three RUBs have been completed. Security personnel have been deployed in the insurgency hit area to ensure safety of railway personnel and completion of the profect. TDC- March, 2013.

7. Harmuti-Naharlagun

Length : 20 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 254.29 crore Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 167.29 crore

Status :Government of Arunachal Pradesh has given consent to terminate the line at Naharlagun. Work is in progress in the entire section falling in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. TDC - March, 2012.

8. Jiribam-Tupul-Imphal

Length : 125 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 3,058.85 crore Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 505.70 crore

Status : Progress of this ‘National Project’ has been badly hampered due to monsoon, prevailing security scenario and frequent bandhs, etc. FLS of Tupul- Imphal section has been completed. Earthwork, formation, minor and major bridge works are in progress. Work is in progress in 18 tunnels out of 35 Nos. Tunnel work badly affected due to heavy rains. TDC of Jiribam-Tupul section March, 2014 and Tupul-Imphal section-March, 2016.

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

9. New Maynaguri-Jogighopa

Length : 260 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 1,497.74 crore Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 748.85 crore

Status : Work is planned to be executed in 4 phases. Golakganj to Gauripur has been completed under Fakiragram-Dhubri gauge conversion work. New Coochbehar- Golakganj (58 kms.) has been completed and opened for traffic from November, 2011.

10. Sivok-Rangpo

Length : 44.4 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 1,339.5 crore Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 121.42 crore

Status : This is a ‘National Project’ which has been entrusted to M/s IRCON for execution and MoU has been signed on 7.5.2010.

11. Byrnihat-Shillong

Length : 108.4 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 4,083.02 crore

Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 0.81 crore

Status : FLS from Byrnihat to Lailad (20 kms.) has been completed. Issues relating to law and order problems and land acquisition, etc. has been taken up with the State Government of Meghalaya. TDC- March, 2017.

12. Murkongselek-Pasighat

Length : 30.62 kms. Anticipated Cost : ` 165.82 crore

Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : Nil. Status : Work included in 2011-12.

IIGAUGE CONVERSION

1.Katakhal-Bhairabi

Length : 84 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 223.01 crore Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 97.85 crore

Status: The work has been planned for completion along with gauge conversion of Lumding-Silchar in December, 2013 where earthwork, bridge work are in progress.

2.Lumding-Silchar

Length : 482.73 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 4,355.37 crore Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 2,741.7 crore

Status: The project has been declared as a ‘National Project’. Progress of work affected due to insurgency. Earthwork, bridge works and tunneling are in progress. TDC - December, 2013.

Tunnel construction work – Lumding- Silchar gauge conversion (National Project), Northeast Frontier Railway.

Railway bridge under construction – Kumarghat - Agartala new line (National Project), Northeast Frontier Railway.

Tunnel construction work – Lumding- Silchar gauge conversion (National Project), Northeast Frontier Railway.

Tunnel construction work – Kumarghat

– Agartala new line (National Project), Northeast Frontier Railway.

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3. Rangiya-Murkongselek alongwith linked fingers.

Length : 510.33 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 1,555.23 crore Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 639.14 crore

Status: The project has been declared as a ‘National Project'. Mega block taken up on Rangiya-Rangpara North. TDC for Rangiya-Rangpara North section - March, 2012 and the entire project - March, 2013.

III DOUBLING

New Guwahati-Digaru

Length : 29.81 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 116.24 crore

Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 107.50 crore

Status: Patch doubling completed.

IV RAILWAY ELECTRIFICATION

Barauni-Katihar-Guwahati

Length : 809 kms.

Anticipated Cost : ` 821.53 crore

Expenditure upto 31.3.2011 : ` 25.2 crore

Status: Work is in progress.

Passenger Service Improvements

10 new train services were introduced and 2 existing trains were extended during the year.

Computerised Passenger Reservation System

The facility of computerized Passenger Reservation System (PRS) is available at 90 locations in the North Eastern Region. All State Capitals of North Eastern Region are now on PRS network.

18 more PRS locations, including some non-railhead locations in the far flung districts of North Eastern States have been sanctioned. Some of the above locations are unified Passenger Reservation System-cum-Unreserved Ticketing System (PRS-cum-UTS).

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Railway Engineers Regiments

(Territorial Army)

Railway Territorial Army (TA) units were raised as an auxiliary force in 1949 under the Territorial Army Act, 1948, to maintain rail communication in the forward areas during active hostilities and to carry on essential rail transportation in an emergency during peace time. Railway Engineers Regiments are manned primarily by the serving railway personnel with the help of a small nucleus of permanent staff drawn from the regular Army.

Presently, there are six Railway paid TA Regiments, viz:

i)1031 Railway Engineers Regiment (TA), Kota,

ii)1101 Railway Engineers Regiment (TA), Chandigarh,

iii)1105 Railway Engineers Regiment (TA), Hyderabad,

iv)969 Railway Engineers Regiment (TA), Jamalpur,

v)970 Railway Engineers Regiment (TA), Jhansi and

vi)1032 Railway Engineers Regiment (TA), Adra.

The entire expenditure including cost of stores, arms and ammunition (drawn from the Ministry of Defence), pay and allowances of permanent staff, cost of annual training camps, the expenditure on various incentives to Railway Territorial Army personnel such as enhanced daily allowance payable during embodiment in aid of civil authorities, cash awards to recipients of TA Decoration/Medal and extended stay in TA service on completion of prescribed period etc. is borne by the Ministry of Railways. During 2010-11, the expenditure incurred on six Railway paid TA Regiments was `5.73 crore, approximately.

Annual Training Camps

The Railway TA personnel have to undergo 30 days of mandatory annual training every year to keep them physically fit and accustomed with military discipline, arms & ammunition, defence techniques, etc. The annual training camps were duly conducted for the Railway TA personnel of the six Railway TA Regiments during 2010-11.

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Recruitment/Discharge

During 2010-11, 602 Railway TA personnel and 1 Junior Commissioned Officer (J.C.O.) were inducted into various Railway TA Regiments while 350 Railway TA personnel, 8 J.C.Os and 1 Officer were discharged/retired from TA Regiments.

Public Relations

Indian Railways’ PR set up is responsible for disseminat- ing information about various policy initiatives, services, con- cessions, projects, performances and developmental activities undertaken by the Railways. It plays an important role in build- ing both the corporate and social image of IR.

Being the lead partner during Commonwealth Games, wide publicity was given through print media on the role of IR in development of sports in India. A corporate Television Commercial made by IR in this regard received wide publicity by its telecast on various channels and won many international awards including the Golden Lion of Cannes. All India awareness campaigns were also launched by IR through various electronic and print media for educating and seeking the cooperation of the travelling public regarding safety at unmanned railway level crossings, prevention of fire, security, cleanliness, roof-top travelling, Tatkal Scheme, drugging of passengers by unknown persons on trains and at railway stations, etc.

The Ministry of Railways participated in the ‘Indian International Trade Fair-2010 organized at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi. A specially made 3-D Model of Double Decker Coach and a number of static models of various trains were the main attractions. Ministry of Railways also presented a Railway Tableau during Republic Day Parade-2011 on this theme. During the year, IR organized various Exhibition trains, viz., Commonwealth Express Exhibition train coinciding with Commonwealth Games 2010, Sanskriti Express Exhibition train paying tribute to Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore on the occasion of his 150th Anniversary celebrations and Mother Express Exhibition train paying tribute to Mother Teresa on the occasion of her 100th Anniversary celebrations.

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

The in-house monthly magazines, viz., ‘Indian Railways’ (in English) and ‘Bharatiya Rail’ (in Hindi) brought out by the Ministry of Railways continued to provide effective links between the Railways and the public. A special Annual issue of each of these Magazines were brought out.

Commercial Advertising:

Commercial publicity in IR is undertaken by utilizing the available assets like station premises, running passenger and goods trains, level crossing gates, websites, etc. PRS/ UTS tickets and reservation charts/forms are also utilized for commercial publicity.

A queue of school students outside the Vivek Express, Northeast Frontier Railway.

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Undertakings and other Organisations

As many as 16 Public Sector Undertakings and other Organisations are functioning under the Ministry of Railways, as detailed below:

S. No. Name

Year of

Core competence

 

 

Incorporation/

 

 

 

Inception

 

1

RITES

1974

To design, establish, provide, operate, maintain and

 

 

 

perform engineering, technical and consultancy

 

 

 

services for development of projects/systems of all

 

 

 

types and descriptions pertaining to Railways and

 

 

 

other Sectors/Industries in India and outside India.

2

IRCON

1976

To undertake construction activities in India and

 

 

 

abroad on turnkey basis or otherwise in various

 

 

 

fields of infrastructure like Railways, Bridges, Roads,

 

 

 

Highways, Industrial and Residential Complexes,

 

 

 

Airports, etc.

3

CRIS

1986

ToprovideconsultancyandITservicestoIRaspartners

 

 

 

to conceptualize and realize technology initiatives,

 

 

 

to build new products or services and to implement

 

 

 

prudent business and technology strategies.

4

IRFC

1986

To raise funds from the market to part finance the

 

 

 

Plan Outlay of IR.

5

CONCOR

1988

To develop multi-modal logistics support for India’s

 

 

 

international and domestic containerized cargo and

 

 

 

trade.

6

KRCL

1990

To construct and operate railway lines, construct

 

 

 

Road Over Bridges and rail line projects.

7

RCIL

2000

To utilize the surplus telecom capacity and right of

 

(RailTel)

 

way available with the IR to build nationwide optical

 

 

 

fibre cable based broadband telecom and multimedia

 

 

 

network.

8

IRCTC

2001

To undertake catering and tourism activities of the

 

 

 

Railways. Also facilitates internet ticketing through its

 

 

 

website.

9

PRCL

2001

To execute the Surendranagar-Rajula-Pipavav Port

 

 

 

gauge conversion and new line projects in Gujarat.

10

RVNL

2003

To create and augment the capacity of rail

 

 

 

infrastructure. To mobilize resources mainly through

 

 

 

multilateral/bilateralfundingagenciesandalsothrough

 

 

 

domestic market for successful implementation of

 

 

 

projects.

11

RLDA

2005

To develop vacant railway land for commercial use

 

 

 

for the purpose of generating revenue by non-tariff

 

 

 

measures for IR.

 

 

 

 

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

12

DFCCIL

2006

 

To plan and construct Dedicated Rail Freight

 

 

 

 

Corridors (DFCs) for movement of freight trains on

 

 

 

 

the corridors.

13

MRVC

1999

 

To plan & implement rail projects in the Mumbai

 

 

 

 

Metropolitan Region.

14

BWEL

1978

(In MOR

To manufacture Wagons and undertake structural

 

 

from 2008)

fabrication jobs.

15

BSCL

1976

(In MOR

To manufacture Railway Rolling Stock.

 

 

from 2010)

 

16

BCL

1976

(In MOR

To manufacture Wagons, undertake structural

 

 

from 2010)

fabrication jobs and manufacturing, retrofitting of

 

 

 

 

EOT crane.

 

 

 

 

 

RAIL INDIA TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC SERVICES LIMITED (RITES):

Rail India Technical and Economic Services Ltd. (RITES), is internationally reputed engineering, design and project management consultancy organization providing single roof services to wide range of infrastructure and transport sectors like Railways, Highways, Ports, Airports, Waterways, Ropeways, Urban Transport, Urban Planning, Container Depots, International Buildings, Power Transmission and Rural Electrification, etc. It is registered with World Bank, African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank and other multilateral funding agencies and have provided services in over 60 countries in Africa, Asia, Middle East, Central & Latin America.

RITES, with recognition from multi-lateral funding agencies, has experience in over 55 countries in Africa, Middle East, Latin America, South East Asia, UK, USA and Europe and is recognized by multi-lateral funding agencies.

Business Operations:

Some of the important assignments undertaken in the

recent past are:

Overseas:

•Development of 2300 HP and 3000 HP Cape Gauge locomotives for export and design of bottom discharge covered hopper wagons for carrying fly-ash and clinker.

•Sri Lankan Railway projects for supply of 20 sets of DMUs, setting up of DMU maintenance facilities.

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•Supply of 3 locomotives & training of 600 personnel, supply of 20 in-service MG locomotives & passenger coaches, wagons, mobile cranes, workshop machinery

&equipment to Myanmar Railways.

•Loco leasing contract with CFM (South), Maputo Mozambique for 6 Cape Gauge locos.

•Maintenance of 6 Cape Gauge locomotives at CDN/ Nacala, Mozambique.

•Feasibility study for Mayumba new standard Gauge Railway line in Gabon – Government of Gabon.

•Feasibility study for rail line from Moatize to Matundo

&connections at Beira port, Mozambique – JSPL Mozambique Minerals Ltd.

In India:

•Construction management for railway infrastructure to handle coal & fuel oil traffic of Raghunathpur TPS – Damodar Valley Corporation.

•General consultancy for Bangalore Metro.

•Safety consultancy for PPP (Public Private Partnership) project – National Highway Authority of India.

•Development of Multi-disciplinary training centre at Cooch Behar, Kharagpur, Beliaghata and Malda.

•Quality control works of Goa, Public Works Department.

•Offering shunting locomotives on wet lease including operation & maintenance.

•Enhancement of LHB coach production facilities at Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala.

•Development, operation & maintenance of Multi Functional Complexes (MFCs) at/in the vicinity of identified or prescribed premises of Railway stations, etc.

•Has formed a joint venture company with Steel Authority of India Limited for manufacture of wagons for IR.

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Financial Performance:

The comparative financial performance of RITES during the last 2 years, is as follows:

 

 

(` in crore)

 

2009-10

2010-11

Total turnover

623

881

Net Profit

112

244

 

 

 

IRCON INTERNATIONAL LTD. (IRCON):

Ircon International Ltd. (IRCON), a ‘Mini-Ratna’ category and a Scheduled ‘A’ Company with ISO-9000 certification was incorporated as a railway construction Company in 1976. The Company has diversified its activities to other sectors of infrastructure outside the Railways, viz., highways, roads, ports, housing, signal & telecommunications, electrification, etc. and bagged many projects through competitive bidding, earning foreign exchange for the country.

The Company has rich and varied experience of executing more than 400 landmark construction projects in India and abroad. Presently, IRCON is executing several nation building projects including 340 kms Jammu & Kashmir rail link project - the biggest broad gauge railway line construction project ever undertaken in the high mountain region of India, a new broad gauge railway line from Sivok in North Bengal to Rangpo in Sikkim to provide rail connectivity to Sikkim State and rail-cum- road bridge on river Ganga in Patna. In Malaysia, the Company is executing an electrified double track railway line costing more than one billion USD.

Financial Performance:

IRCON has declared a profit of `401 crore during 2010-11. Its financial performance during the last two years is as follows:

 

 

(` in crore)

 

2009-10

2010-11

Total income/Gross sales

3,216.91

3,254.15

Operating income

3,152.88

3,175.33

Profit before tax

264.01

401.25

Profit after tax

182.10

240.51

Gross margin

305.28

440.31

Net worth

1,199.36

1,382.31

 

 

 

Construction work of Senewang Railway Station at Malayasia undertaken by IRCON.

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CENTRE FOR RAILWAY INFORMATION SYSTEMS (CRIS):

The progress of computerization of various railway projects undertaken by Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) is outlined below:

National Train Enquiry System (NTES):

It aims at providing prompt and reliable information to general public through user friendly interfaces and PAN India accessibility. The information is now conveniently available to public all over the country through various delivery channels like web browsing, mobile phone, etc. NTES was given National e-Governance Silver Award on 9.2.2011.

Terminal Management System (TMS):

TMS generates on line Railway Receipts and has been deployedat631fieldlocationsduring2010-11. Totaldeployment of TMS at 2,000 locations captures about 99% of goods traffic. During the year, an amount of `33,342 crore of freight payment was realized through e-payment which accounts for 58% of total freight collected.

Passenger Reservation Services (PRS):

Countrywide Network of Computerized Enhancement Reservation and Ticketing (CONCERT) has been installed at more than 2,355 locations having 8,277 terminals for reserved segment of ticket bookings. IR’s website www.indianrail.gov.in facilitates internet-based rail reservation related enquiries. IR Web Portals are operational for Complaint Management, Cloak Room and Retiring Room applications at selected stations.

Unreserved Ticketing Services (UTS):

UTS has been made functional at 4,906 locations with 8,880 terminals as on 31st May, 2011. A total of 664.66 crore passengers were served, resulting in total earnings of `10,838.47 crore during 2010-11, as compared to 587.79 crore passengers and `959.31 crore earnings in 2009-10.

Integrated Coach Management System (ICMS):

Mobile version of ICMS for monitoring punctuality of trains, has been released as trial version.

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Control Office Application (COA):

COA has gone live in all the 77 Divisions/Area Control Offices of IR. Integration between COA and FOIS, adjoining COA, NTES and ICMS has been completed in all 68 Divisions of IR.

Track Management System (TMS):

TMS was introduced in the works programme 2008-09 as a pilot project and has been implemented in 6 divisions in 2010. It has won ‘The Great Mind Challenge for Business Awards, 2010’ as most innovative solution under Lotus Category.

Crew Management System (CMS):

CMS manages around 90,000 crew online at 317 crew lobbies. Approximately, 36,300 calls were served daily by the system and bio-data in CMS database has crossed 1,03,650 in March, 2011.

Parcel Management System (PMS):

6,81,136 Parcel Way Bills (PWBs) and 54,15,475 packages were issued through the PMS during 2010-11 earning revenue to the tune of `56.24 crore.

E-Procurement System (EPS):

EPS has been implemented to improve efficiency and transparency in materials purchases thus reducing the cost of material/purchase due to savings in logistics and transaction cost. More than 1.9 lakh tenders have been uploaded so far.

INDIAN RAILWAY FINANCE CORPORATION LIMITED (IRFC):

Indian Railway Finance Corporation Limited (IRFC) was set up as a public limited company in December 1986 with the sole objective of raising money from the market to part finance the Plan outlay for meeting the developmental needs of IR. Funds are raised through issuance of bonds, term loans from banks/financial institutions and availing external commercial borrowing/export credit. The Department of Public Enterprises has rated IRFC as ‘Excellent’ on 12 occasions in the last 13 years. The Company maintained the highest credit ratings from

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

89

three domestic Credit Rating Agencies indicating highest safety of the lenders’ funds and investment grade ratings equivalent to the rating of Indian ‘sovereign’ from four major international Credit Rating Agencies.

The Company has leased rolling stock assets worth `69,843 crore to the Ministry of Railways (MoR) up to March 31, 2011. Ministry of Railways has been making lease payments to IRFC regularly in respect of about 60% of the rolling stock assets which include 5,567 locomotives, 33,856 coaches and 1,49,030 wagons. The lease rentals form just about 5.94% of the Railways’ Gross Traffic Receipts. The Company has also provided funding assistance to sister railway companies to the extent of `2,394 crore till the end of 2010-11.

IRFC has a consistent profit earning track record. It has so far paid `1,568 crore as dividend to its shareholders, the Government. The Company earned a net profit of `485.20 crore during 2010-11. The Overhead to Turnover ratio of the Company is 0.12%.

CONTAINER CORPORATION OF INDIA LTD. (CONCOR):

Container Corporation of India Ltd. (CONCOR) was set up in November 1989 with the prime objective of developing multi- modal transport and logistics support for India’s domestic and international containerized cargo and trade.

CONCOR’s core business is characterized by three distinct activities – carrier, terminal operator and warehouse/CFS operator. CONCOR derives its strength mainly from a dedicated network of terminals at multiple locations. During 2010-11, CONCOR handled over 2.5 million Twenty feet Equivalent Units (TEUs).

CONCOR paid a total dividend of `201.48 crore on its paid up capital for the year 2010-11.

Financial highlights:

The financial performance of CONCOR in the last two years is as follows:

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

 

2009-10

2010-11

Turnover (` in crore)

*3,705.68

3,828.12

Net Profit as % of Turnover

*21.23

22.88

EPS (in ` )

60.52

67.39

*revised

 

 

 

 

 

KONKAN RAILWAY CORPORATION LIMITED (KRCL):

Konkan Railway, the first Railway project in the country executed on BOT (Build, Operate and Transfer) principle, was formed with equity participation of Government of India along with the four States viz., Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala. It has reduced the journey time from Mumbai to Mangalore by almost 26 hours.

Konkan Railway has completed 12 years of operation of RO-RO (Roll On - Roll Off) truck-on-train service proving that Railways and Roadways can co-exist in a symbiotic relationship apart from saving the diesel to the tune of about 35 lakh litres in a year.

KRCL has been assigned the implementation of Anti- Collision Device (ACD) project on Southern, South Central and South Western Railways after the successful commissioning of a pilot project on Northeast Frontier Railway. ACD can prevent mid-section head-on collisions, side collisions and rear- end collisions of trains in addition to having many other safety features.

‘Shravan Seva’, free-of-cost service, introduced by KRCL for helping the senior citizens traveling alone can be availed by sending SMS on mobile No.09664044456, four hours in advance of journey. The service is available at Chiplun, Ratnagiri, Thivim, Karmali and Madgaon.

Financial performance:

During 2010-11, KRCL’s total earnings were `924.43 crore including `297.45 crore of freight earnings. The Corporation earned profit-before-tax of `2.84 crore, an operating surplus of `227.40 crore and an operating ratio of 81.35%.

RAILTAIL CORPORATION OF INDIA LTD. (RailTel):

The Railtel Corporation of India Limited (RailTel) was incorporated in the year 2000 for modernization of IR’s

A view of Karbude Tunnel, Konkan Railway.

A view of Panval Viaduct, Konkan Railway.

Roll on - Roll off (RO-RO) services, Konkan Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

91

communication network for safe and efficient train operation and for revenue generation through commercial exploitation of network. It has now emerged as a national level operator in the telecom sector by using Railways’ right of way on about 63,000 route kilometers for creation of Optic Fibre Cable (OFC) network.

RailTel has modernized train control and emergency communication system of IR by providing OFC network along the railway track and high bandwidth Point of Presence (PoP) at more than 3,918 stations. It has also connected railways’ electronics telephone exchanges at E1 level to provide seamless railway STD services. The long haul network coverage for STM 16 is 28,362 route kms. with multiple rings on common section of 27,255 route kms. During the year the utilization of RailTel’s network has increased considerably.

RailTel is the lead creator of National Knowledge network

– a project of national importance through which a number of Research and Development institutions of Government of India have been connected. RailTel has also undertaken the project of laying Optical fibre in 6 States of North East for creation of intra/inter district network connecting all District and Sub-District Head Quarters in the respective States.

RailTel’s operating income was `363.07 crore during 2010-11 resulting in a net profit of `95.41 crore.

INDIAN RAILWAY CATERING AND TOURISM CORPORATION LTD. (IRCTC):

Catering Services:

Pursuant to the implementation of New Catering Policy, 2010, most of Licensee Catering Units have been transferred to the Railways. However, as of now, the Departmental Catering is continuing with IRCTC. It is providing catering in all newly introduced Duronto trains and also cafeteria facilities to many institutes and Ministries. Presently IRCTC is managing 1,271 Book Stalls at various railway stations and running 4 hotels/Yatri Niwas on Public Private Partnership basis. The Company has obtained ISO Certification for its manufacturing facilities such as base kitchen and for departmental managed trains.

Travel and Tourism:

There has been tremendous growth in e-ticketing through

IRCTC’s internet ticketing service website www.irctc.co.in.

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

During the year IRCTC sold 9.69 crore e-tickets as against 7.20 crore during 2009-10 valued at `8,007 crore in 2010-11 as against `6,011 crore in 2009-10. The booking of railway tickets through internet is now available from 00:30 hrs to 23:30 hrs 365 days a year.

IRCTC manages the enquiry services of IR known as ‘Rail Sampark 139’ (Integrated Train Enquiry System) under Public Private Partnership. In 2010-11, 24.68 crore voice calls and 2.61 crore SMS were handled.

IRCTCoffersawiderangeoftravelandtourismproductsand services like Bharat Darshan Tourist Trains (Village On Wheels), Bharat Tirath Trains, Educational Tours, Mahaparinirvan Express

– Buddhist Circuit Special Train, Rail and Land Tour Packages, Chartered Trains and Coaches, Hill Charters, Luxury Tourist Train, Cab Rental Services, On-line Hotel Booking Services and Budget Hotels to meet the requirement of different segment of tourists. Travel and tourism business generated an income of `67.57 crore in the year 2010-11 as compared to `44.72 crore in the previous year, thus recording a growth of 50%.

IRCTC also ventured into the field of Corporate travel in 2010-11. It is offering complete travel services to Corporates which include air ticketing, booking of domestic as well as international hotels, cab rentals, passport and visa facilitation, insurance & forex. IRCTC tourism portal www.railtourismindia. com is a one stop travel shop.

Packaged Drinking Water Project (Railneer):

During the year, two plants manufacturing Rail Neer Packaged drinking water, at Delhi and Danapur (Bihar), produced 3.28 crore and 3.12 crore bottles respectively. One more packaged drinking water plant with installed capacity of 1.8 lakh bottles per day became operational at Chennai in July, 2011.

Commonwealth Games (CWG) Delhi, 2010:

IRCTC was appointed as the official ticketing agency for the XIX Commonwealth Games (CWG) Delhi, 2010. It successfully handled the ticketing operations for the event for a total seating inventory of 1.4 million seats for 290 sporting sessions in 17 sports.

Rahaj Club – Maharaja Express.

Deluxe Twin Bedroom – Maharaja Express.

Regal – Maharaja Express.

A view of Taj Commonwealth Games Express train running between New Delhi and Agra.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

93

Financial Performance:

During the year, IRCTC earned a total income of `764.93 crore as compared to `721.97 crore in 2009-10. A net profit of `60.79 crore was earned during 2010-11 as against `63.05 crore in 2009-10. During the year, the Corporation contributed a sum of `55.59 crore to the revenues of IR, in the form of haulage charges, concession fee, user charges and dividend.

Awards/Recognition:

In recognition of the excellent performance of the Corporation in various fields, the following awards have been conferred on IRCTC during the year:

1. The 3rd DSIJ PSU Award 2011, for being fastest growing non-manufacturing companies with balance sheet size less than `4,000 crore. The Company was awarded ‘Speed King (Miniratna)’ in April, 2011.

2. The SKOCH’s – The World Open Award for Integrated Train Enquiry System (ITES) from the Controller of Certifying Authority, Government of India in October, 2010.

3. The India Pride Award – Gold for Internet Ticketing in September, 2010.

4. GMR Travel World Award 2010 for ‘Excellence in Operations’ for the Bharat Darshan Train in July, 2011.

PIPAVAV RAILWAY CORPORATION LIMITED (PRCL):

 

Pipavav Railway Corporation Limited (PRCL), a joint

 

venture company of Ministry of Railways and Gujarat Pipavav

 

Port Limited (GRPL) with equal equity participation was

 

formed to execute the Surendranagar-Rajula-Pipavav Port

 

(APM Terminals, Pipavav) gauge conversion & new line project.

 

PRCL is the first railway infrastructure project executed through

 

private sector participation. PRCL has concessionaire rights to

 

construct, operate and maintain this project line for 33 years.

 

PRCL is entitled to the rights, obligations and duties of a Railway

 

Administration enumerated in the Railways Act, 1989 and has

 

rights to give volume discounts on transportation of cargo.

 

PRCL has permission to run container trains on rail

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corridors serving the Ports of Pipavav, Mundra, Chennai, Ennore, Vizag and Kochi and their hinterlands. The Company started its container operations on 20th August, 2009 from Asaoti Railway Station to Morbi in Gujarat. During 2010-11, PRCL handled 3,310 trains including 2,018 container trains and transported 4.37 million tonnes of cargo. The total apportioned earnings were `89.56 crore from freight operations during 2010-11. 12 pairs of passenger trains are running on different sections of Pipavav Railway.

RAIL VIKAS NIGAM LIMITED (RVNL):

Railway bridge connecting Idapalli and Vallarpadam, RVNL.

Rail Vikas Nigam Limited (RVNL), a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) under the Ministry of Railways was incorporated in the year 2003 to raise non-budgetary resources for rail capacity projects and to implement them on a fast track basis.

During 2010-11, RVNL has achieved the construction of 240 kms. of doubling, 62 kms. of gauge conversion, 159 kms. of railway electrification and 9 kms. of new line, making a total of 470 kms. Upto 31.3.2011, RVNL completed 23 projects covering 194 kms. of new lines, 1,579 kms. of gauge conversion and 662 kms. of doubling and 1,335 kms. of railway electrification, making a total of 3,770 kms.

RVNL is executing the construction of 15 kms. of rail connectivity to Vizhinjam International Sea Port Limited, Kerala, as a deposit work. Out of 7 Asian Development Bank funded projects (Phase-I), 2 have been commissioned.

During the year 2010-11, turnover was `1,444.65 crore, profit after tax `61.09 crore and surplus at the end of the year 2011 stands at `151.50 crore.

RAIL LAND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (RLDA):

Rail Land Development Authority (RLDA) was set up in 2005 through an amendment of the Indian Railways Act 1989 for development of vacant railway land for commercial use for the purpose of generating revenue by non-tariff measures for IR.

Railway land sites, not required for operational purposes for future expansion, are identified by Zonal Railways and entrusted to RLDA for commercial development. The Authority initially engage a consultant to ascertain the suitability and potential for commercial development of the site and thereafter

Launching of Griders at the Railway bridge connecting Idapalli and Vallarpadam, RVNL.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

95

based on the feasibility report, identify a suitable development model for its commercial development through an open and transparent bidding process to generate maximum revenue for the Railways.

During 2010-11, letter of award for commercial site at Gaya, Vijayawada and Delhi Sarai Rohilla were issued and a lease premium of about `380 crore was received. During the year, market study for 35 sites has been taken up. RLDA has been assigned the responsibility of developing Multi-Functional Complexes (MFCs) to provide multiple facilities like shopping, food stalls/restaurants, book stalls, PCO booths, ATMs, Medicine and variety store, parking spaces and other similar amenities to rail users at Railway Stations. 47 MFCs are being developed through Railway PSUs while 127 MFCs are proposed to be developed by RLDA through private developers.

DEDICATED FREIGHT CORRIDOR CORPORATION OF INDIA LTD. (DFCCIL):

Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd. (DFCCIL), a special purpose vehicle was created to undertake planning and development, mobilization of financial resources, construction, maintenance and operation of Dedicated Freight Corridor. DFCCIL was registered as a Company under the Company’s Act 1956 on 30th October, 2006.

DFCCIL, one of the largest ever infrastructure projects being undertaken by the Railways since Independence, will grossly reduce the travel time of freight trains and will bring down the unit cost of transportation by segregating freight and passenger trains. Freight corridor envisages long haul operation with trailing loads to increase from 5,000 to 15,000 and carrying capacity to 400 against existing 90 containers.

The construction work has already started on Eastern and Western Corridors from April, 2009 over a length of about 300 kms. The approved network was 3,300 routes kms. with Eastern Corridor (about 1,839 kms.) from Ludhiana to Dankuni and Western Corridor (about 1,534 kms.) from Jawahar Lal Nehru Port to Tughlakabad/Dadri along with interlinking of two corridors at Dadri. The Eastern and Western Corridors pass through 9 States, 60 districts and 2,500 villages.

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DFCCIL has engaged M/s RITES to carry out feasibility study for the following four additional corridors:-

1.East-West Corridor (Kolkata - Mumbai) of approxi- mately 2,000 kms.

2.North-South Corridor (Delhi-Chennai) of approxi- mately 2,173 kms.

3.East Coast Corridor (Kharagpur-Vijayawada) of approximately 1,100 kms. and

4.Southern Corridor (Chennai-Goa) of approximately 890 kms.

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97

Advisory Boards

National Railway Users’ Consultative Council, Zonal/ Divisional Railway Users’ Consultative Committee, etc.

These Committees at different levels provide opportunities for formal consultations between the management and the rail users with a view to improve services for rail users. Divisional Railway Users’ Consultative Committees (DRUCCs), Zonal Railway Users’ Consultative Committees (ZRUCCs), National Railway Users’ Consultative Council (NRUCC) and Konkan Railway Users’ Consultative Committee (KRUCC) have been reconstituted for a two year term w.e.f. 16.9.2009 to 15.9.2011. Metro Railway Users’ Consultative Committee has been constituted for two years term w.e.f. 27.10.2010 to 26.10.2012. Suburban Railway Users’ Consultative Committees and Station Consultative Committees at important stations provide useful inputs to railway administration.

Central Board of Railway Research

Central Board of Railway Research comprises Director- General, RDSO as Chairman, concerned Senior Officers of RailwayBoardasMembersandAdditionalDG,RDSOasMember Secretary. Representation is also given to non-railway members from the IITs, eminent scientists, engineers, other Government departments, Industry, etc. The Board recommends and reviews Railways research programmes and also ensures coordination and assistance from other research laboratories.

Railway Hindi Salahakar Samiti

Railway Hindi Salahakar Samiti functions under the Ministry as an aid for progressive use of Hindi in official work. To promote the usage of simple Hindi in Railway offices, a sub-committee on ‘Anuwad Sarlikaran’ has been constituted.

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Important Events

2010

8th

January

Patna-Ranchi Jan Shatabdi Express flagged

 

 

off.

 

 

 

8th

April

Howrah-Puducherry Express flagged off.

9th

May

Sanskriti

Express

exhibition

train

 

 

inaugurated.

 

 

 

10th May

Villupuram-Mayiladuthurai BG Section

 

 

inaugurated.

 

 

 

22nd May

Saharsa-Dauram

Madhepura

gauge

 

 

conversion inaugurated.

 

29th June

Rajgir-Tilaiya new railway line inaugurated

 

 

and Rajgir-Tilaiya passenger train flagged

 

 

off.

 

 

 

11th July

Digha-Asansol Express flagged off.

 

15th August

Heritage Run hauled by the oldest running

 

 

steam locomotive in the world – ‘Express

 

 

Loco – EIR 21’ flagged off.

 

26th August

‘Mother Express’ inaugurated at Sealdah

 

 

Station.

 

 

 

9th

September

Foundation stone laid for Nursing College

 

 

at Garden Reach.

 

 

13th September

Foundation stone laid for Rail Axle Factory

 

 

at New Jalpaiguri.

 

 

4th

October

The first WAF79i Class of 6000 HP

 

 

locomotive (WAG-9i) flagged off.

 

9th

October

Howrah-Pune, Howrah-Digha, Howrah-

 

 

Yesvantpur (increased frequency) Duronto

 

 

Express trains and Azimganj-Rampurhat

 

 

DEMU train flagged off.

 

14th October

Samdari-Bhildi new line inaugurated.

 

A view of cultural programme organized during the arrival of 'Sanskriti Express’, North Central Railway.

Inside view of Mother Express, North Central Railway.

Inside view of Sanskriti-yatra mobile museum, Northern Railway.

Exterior view of Sanskriti-yatra mobile museum, Northern Railway.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

99

16th November

Commencement of work for ‘Dedicated

 

 

Freight Corridor’ at Dankuni (Kolkata).

 

 

2011

 

4th

January

New Delhi-Panipat Matrabhoomi train

 

 

flagged off.

 

 

24th January

Hoshiarpur-Amritsar DMU train flagged

 

 

off.

 

 

4th

February

Foundation stone laid for DMU Coach

 

 

Factory at Haldia and Wagon Component

 

 

Factory at Jellingham near Nandigram.

9th

February

Agra

Fort-Ahmedabad

Express

 

 

inaugurated.

 

22nd February

Ahmedabad-Udhampur Janmabhoomi

 

 

Weekly Express introduced.

 

24th February

Bhubaneshwar-Pune Superfast Express

 

 

flagged off.

 

 

26th February

Newly converted BG line between Bodeli

 

 

and Chhotaudepur and passenger trains

 

 

up to Chhotaudepur inaugurated.

 

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Glossary

ACCOUNTS

Capital-at-Charge : Book value of the capital assets of Railways.

Gross Earnings : The true earnings in an accounting period whether actually realized or not.

Gross Receipts : Earnings actually realized in an accounting period.

Net Revenue : Gross traffic receipts minus total working expenses.

Operating Ratio : Ratio of working expenses to gross earnings.

Suspense : Unrealised earnings, liabilities not discharged in an accounting period.

Working Expenses :

Expenditure on administration,

 

 

operation,

maintenance

 

 

& repairs,

contribution

to

 

 

Depreciation Reserve Fund and

 

 

Pension Fund.

 

 

 

 

STATISTICAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

Density :

The volume of traffic moving

 

 

between any two points on

 

 

the

Railway

expressed

in

 

 

terms

of passenger

kilometres

 

 

or net tonne kilometres per

 

 

route

kilometre/running track

 

 

kilometre or train kilometres per

 

 

running track kilometre.

 

 

Engine Kilometre :

Movement of an engine under

 

 

its own power over the length of

 

 

one kilometre.

 

 

 

 

Gross Tonne Kilometre:

Gross

tonnage

comprising

 

 

payload and tare weight hauled

 

 

by a train.

 

 

 

 

Lead :

Average haul of a passenger or

 

 

a tonne of freight.

 

 

 

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

101

Loaded Wagon Kilometre:

Net Load or Net Tonnage:

Net Tonne Kilometre:

Non-Revenue Traffic:

Passenger Kilometre :

Revenue Earning Traffic:

Route Kilometre :

Running Track Kilometre :

Smalls :

Track Kilometre :

Train Kilometre :

Vehicle/Wagon Kilometre:

Wagon Turn-Round :

TRAFFIC

Freight Forwarder :

Movement of a wagon loaded with goods over one kilometre.

Payload of passengers, luggage or goods carried by a vehicle or a train.

Payload of one tonne carried over one kilometre.

Traffic conveyed free for working the Railways.

A passenger transported over one kilometre.

Traffic which is paid for by the consignor or the consignee.

The distance between two points on the Railway irrespective of the number of lines connecting them, whether single line, double line etc.

The length of all running tracks excluding tracks in sidings, yards and crossings.

Goods consignments whose weight and dimensions do not require the exclusive use of a wagon.

The length of all running tracks and tracks including tracks in sidings, yards and crossings.

Movement of a train over one kilometre.

Movement of a vehicle/wagon over one kilometre.

Interval of time between two successive loadings of a wagon.

The scheme of collection of “smalls” as well as piecemeal wagon-load consignments from the premises of individual

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

traders by an external agency that consolidates and offers them as wagon-load/train-load traffic for carriage by rail.

OTHERS

Number of Staff : All employees paid directly by the Railway administration.

Stores :

Materials

or

parts

either

 

purchased

by

the

Railway

 

or manufactured in

Railway

 

workshops

for

working the

 

railways.

 

 

 

Tractive Effort : Load-hauling capability of a locomotive expressed in terms of the tractive force exerted by the locomotive at wheel.

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103

Gist of important Audit Paragraphs from the Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India – Union Government (Railways) for the year ended 31 March, 2010 and Status Report on Pending Action Taken Notes (ATNs).

Report No.33 of 2010-11 – (Compliance Audit)

During 2009-10, Gross Traffic Receipts increased by 9 per cent, whereas Ordinary Working Expenses grew by 21 per cent over the previous year. (Paras 1.3.1 and 1.3.2)

Annual growth rate of freight earnings fell from 12.65 per cent to 9.49 per cent and that of passenger earnings from 10.52 per cent to 7.10 per cent. These growth rates were below Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) achieved in 2000-09. (Paras 1.4.1.1 and 1.4.1.3)

The increase in freight loading by 6.53 per cent over previous year was below the CAGR of 7.32 per cent achieved during 2000-09.

(Para 1.4.1.1)

Depreciation Reserve Fund (DRF) is used for renewal and replacement of existing assets. Contribution to DRF was not made on the basis of historical cost, expected useful life and residual life of the assets but was dependent on the amount which the working expenses could bear. Appropriation to DRF was reduced to `2,187 crore from projected budget estimates of `5,325 crore (July 2009), a reduction of `3,138 crore. (Paras 1.2 and 1.11)

Indian Railways (IR) was unable to meet the operational cost of passenger and other coaching services. In 2008-09, loss on operation of passenger and other coaching services stood at `15,268.41 crore. This loss was `7,493.50 crore in 2007-08. All category of passenger services (except AC Chair Car and AC 3 Tier) incurred losses in 2008-09.

(Paras 1.6.4.1 and 1.6.4.2)

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Net revenue surplus of IR sharply declined from `13,431 crore in 2007-08 to `4,457 crore in 2008-09 and to `75 lakh in 2009-10. This was mainly due to lower growth rate of traffic receipts and impact of 6th Central Pay Commission which approximately worked out to `37,472 crore during the period 2008-10. This expenditure includes payment towards arrears of salary and pension.

(Para1.8)

Operating Ratio (percentage of working expenses to traffic earnings) of IR deteriorated to 95.28 per cent in 2009-10 from 90.46 per cent achieved in 2008-09. Out of sixteen zonal railways, eight zones had operating ratio more than 100 per cent implying that their working expenditure was more than their traffic earnings. (Para 1.9.1)

Due to non-availability of sufficient internal resources to meet Plan expenditure, dependency on General Budget increased by `7,606 crore. (Para 1.10)

Depreciation Reserve Fund (used for renewal and replacement of assets), Development Fund (used for passenger and other users works, labour welfare works and safety works), Pension Fund (to meet pension

liability) closed at negligible balance of

`4.98 crore, `5.41 crore and

`1.24 crore respectively.

(Para 1.11)

Railway Safety Fund financed by Railways’ share of Diesel Cess from Central Road Fund is used for road safety works viz construction of road under/over bridges and level crossings. There was continuous shortfall in utilization of fund since its inception in 2001. Shortfall ranged between 36 per cent to 55 per cent of Budget estimate.

(Para 1.11)

Development Fund and Capital Fund are appropriated from revenue surplus. Appropriation from one fund to another is not normally resorted to as these funds are dedicated for specified purposes. As surplus was only `75 lakhs, IR transferred `725 crore from Capital Fund to Development Fund to wipe out the negative closing balance under the latter. (Para 1.11)

IR spent `1,907 crore in excess of authorization granted by Parliament in eight revenue grants. (Para 2.2.1)

There was large scale change in priority and re-appropriation of originally allocated resources from one Plan head (category of work) to another and from one railway to another which is indicative of tentative

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

105

estimation of budgetary provisions for assets acquisition, construction and replacement/renewal.

(Para 2.6.2)

IR, being a Government commercial undertaking, prepares its balance sheet and profit and loss accounts. It however did not disclose its significant accounting policies on revenue recognition, fixed assets, depreciation, provisioning for liabilities for pension etc.

(Chapter 3)

As per guidelines issued by Ministry of Finance, profit making commercial enterprises would declare a minimum dividend of 20 per cent either on equity or on post-tax profit whichever was higher. However, Railtel Corporation of India Limited (RailTel) and Indian Railways Finance Corporation (IRFC) did not comply with the above directives. Shortfall in dividend amounted to `167.39 crore.

(Para 4.10)

Report No.34 of 2010-11 – (Compliance Audit)

Chapter 1 : Introduction

As a result of Audit observations, Railways have recovered an amount of `62.67 crore and agreed to recover `16.76 crore during 2009-10. Besides, Railway Board had taken remedial action by way of revision of tariffs and issue of instructions to Zonal Railways.

(Paras 1.8 & 1.9)

Chapter 2 – Traffic Commercial and Operations

Container operations in IR

The study of container operations in IR revealed that the haulage rates fixed and recovered by IR were less than the base class rates which are provided only to essential commodities of mass consumption. This had resulted in recurring losses.

(Para 2.1.8.1)

Allowing container operators and CONCOR to lift bulk commodities (predominantly carried by IR) and recovering haulage rates instead of

IR Tariff Rates resulted in loss of

`65.33 crore as well as diversion of IR

borne regular traffic.

(Paras 2.1.8.2 & 2.1.8.3)

While two 20 feet containers are loaded on a flat/wagon, only one 40 feet container is loaded on the same wagon and the weight load in 40 feet container is also double that of 20 feet. However IR reduced

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

the haulage charges for 40 feet containers to 1.8 times that of 20 feet containers. IR had thus suffered a loss of `63.07 crore.

(Para 2.1.8.5)

Deficiencies such as incorrect fixation of haulage charges, inconsistency in issuing orders, non-weighment of container trains and inadequacy in leasing/licensing of railway land to container operators were also noticed. (Paras 2.1.8.6 to 2.1.8.13)

Tatkal and Advance Reservation System

Study on ‘Tatkal and Advance Reservation System in IR’ revealed that genuine users, for which the scheme was intended, were not able to access the facility with ease as it was susceptible to manipulation. There were irregularities such as booking of tickets beyond business hours and booking of all Tatkal quota tickets within a few minutes of the opening of reservation. (Para 2.2.4.1)

The system was susceptible to abuse by unscrupulous booking clerks, RTSAs and touts. The general and application controls in the PRS system as well as in the internet booking relating to Tatkal/Advance bookings were inadequate leaving scope for manual intervention in the system. (Paras 2.2.4.2 to 2.2.4.6)

Other Findings

Injudicious decision of the Railway for withdrawal of Rationalization order without considering the operational constraints of moving traffic via shorter route resulted in loss of freight to the extent of `81.35

crore.

 

 

 

 

(Para 2.3)

Inordinate delay in establishing operational

feasibility for leasing

of Parcel

Cargo

trains and

finalization of

tenders

coupled

with

injudicious

fixation

of higher

reserve price

not only

deprived

the

Railway of additional revenue of `57.64 crore but also resulted in non-implementation of a new scheme introduced to attract new customers. (Para 2.4)

Chapter 3: Engineering (Open Line and Construction)

Construction of New Lines on socio-economic considerations.

A study of 50 new line projects sanctioned more than 10 years ago on socio-economic consideration revealed that all of them were still incomplete with `8,549 crore being incurred with no certainty of their

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

107

objectives being realized. These also included five projects sanctioned more than twenty years ago. The balance funds required for completion would be of the order of `16,800 crore. (Para 3.1.4)

There was a delay of two to fifteen years in preparation of detailed estimate and commencement of work. In 36 projects, no target dates for completion were fixed and in 34 projects, land acquisition process was incomplete even after lapse of more than ten years. This had adverse impact on other construction activities.

(Paras 3.1.4.1 to 3.1.4.3)

Keeping in view the scarcity of funds and the need for providing connectivity of backward, underdeveloped and remote areas, PAC had observed that IR should distinctly enunciate the core objectives of the projects, frame project schedules and determine the completion dates. They had also stressed upon the Railways to review each project and decide on their continuance or shelving.

Audit observed that though five projects had been sanctioned more than 10 years ago and no work commenced, Railways had made no attempt to shelve these projects. Moreover, there were another four projects where the physical progress was less than ten per cent and languishing for a period of 14 to 22 years, and no attempt was made

to review these projects for shelving.

(Para 3.1.4.4)

Target dates for completion of 34

projects had not been fixed

so far and where target dates were fixed, the projects were still incomplete. (Para 3.1.5.1)

Allotment of funds to projects was not done judiciously. Audit observed that despite funds remaining unutilized in the previous years, the funds were continued to be made available to projects where no work had been undertaken. (Para 3.1.5.2)

Though Railways had completed Amravati-Chandurbazar (44 kms) section of Amravati-Narkher new line at a cost of `123.07 crore in February 2006 and Hasan Shraavanabegola (41.7 kms) section of Hasan-Bangalore new line in January 2006 at a cost of `140 crore, no train services had been commenced to utilize the investment.

(Para 3.1.6.4)

Other Findings

Fraudulent claims of a firm under Price Variation Clause amounting to `30.54 crore (three times more than the original value of the contract)

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

were irregularly paid till August 2008 in a span of more than 8 years. (Last payment made 19 years after the completion of supply). Audit investigation revealed breach of established internal controls at various levels that facilitated and sustained the fraudulent transactions.

(Para 3.2)

Railway’s failure to enter into project specific agreement with CIDCO not only resulted in blockage of funds of `56.92 crore due to stoppage of Belapur-Seawood Uran Double Line Project but also non-achievement of the main objective of providing rail connectivity to public.

(Para 3.3)

Commencement of a bridge work (for replacing existing Yamuna Bridge) passing through a portion of historical Salimgarh Fort without obtaining required permission and land from Archaeological Survey of India resulted in stoppage of work and unproductive expenditure (`33.92 crore) since March 2007 besides retention of outlived bridge.

(Para 3.4)

Chapter 4: Mechanical – Zonal Headquarters/Workshops/ Production Units

Failure of the Railway Administration to carry out the maintenance schedules of diesel locomotives within the prescribed time led to excess detention and consequential loss of earning capacity to the tune of `92.89 crore. (Para 4.1)

Non stocking of critical spares resulted in derating/detention of locomotives causing under utilization of loco capacity and consequential loss of `85.81 crore. (Para 4.2)

Detention of WDG-4 locomotives in the shed exclusively for want of wheel discs for replacement resulted in loss of locomotive earnings to the extent of `20.47 crore. (Para 4.3)

Failure of the Railway Administration to levy empty haulage as well as stabling charges on tank wagons received for periodical overhauling without degassing besides non-recovery of `0.81 crore resulted in loss of earning potential of `18.71 crore on account of avoidable detention of 49,791 days. (Para 4.4)

Chapter 7: Review of Public Sector Units of IR.

RVNL was established as a Special Purpose Vehicle with basic objectives to generate additional resources by leveraging market borrowings and to quicken the pace for implementation of the projects. Audit observed

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

109

that RVNL, even after seven years since its inception, continued to be largely dependent on the resources of the Railways. The performance of RVNL on project execution and management was inefficient as they were plagued by delays and cost overruns. (Para 7.1)

Review of the arrangement of the Railways with RCIL with regard to transfer of assets and payments regarding revenue sharing and recovery of Railway dues revealed inadequate internal controls within the Railways in respect of transactions with RCIL. The Railways were totally dependent on RCIL records in respect of all arrangements entered into and payments made were accepted without verifying the accuracy of Railway dues. There was lack of coordination between Railway Board and Zonal Railways in implementation of policy guidelines.

(Para 7.2)

Performance Audit on Security Management in IR (Report

No.14 of 2011-12)

The number of accidents on IR attributed to sabotage increased from six in 2005-06 to fourteen in 2009-10. A couple of major incidents of sabotage like the derailment of Jnaneswari Express in 2010 highlighted the problems of Railway security. The most important aspect of any security strategy is to ensure the safety and security of its passengers.

The performance audit on the subject assessed the security system of

IR which inter-alia covered the following:-

•Role of security agencies and inter-agency co-ordination.

•Protection of passengers and their belongings including strategy to control crimes at stations and in running trains.

•Safety of Railway property viz tracks, bridges as well as other fixed structures.

•Preparedness of IR to handle the enhanced threat environment. Major Audit Findings are indicated below:-

Considerable overlap of functions exists between the RPF and the Government Railway Police. Despite directions from the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Railway Board, co-ordination between the RPF and the State Government is not effective leading to large gaps in the security system of the Railways. The earlier Audit Report (Report No. 9 of 2000) emphasized that the system for coordination between RPF and GRP exists on paper and the co-ordination between the RPF and

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INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

the state governments has been weak. In this report also Audit observed continued lack of coordination between the GRP and RPF – especially escorting of trains leading to duplicity of manpower deployed.

Despite being aware of the heightened threat perception, IR has not been able to implement several measures recommended by the High Level Committee for providing security to railway passengers at stations as well as in trains. Effort has not been made to control access to railway stations and to decongest even sensitive high risk stations. Further, installation of electronic surveillance system has been slow and not up to international standards.

As a follow up to the recommendation of the Committee, the Railway Board decided in July 2008 to implement an Integrated Security System (ISS) to ensure security at railway stations. The ISS consists of broad areas like – Camera surveillance system (CCTVs) on platforms, Access Control solutions for filtering out bonafide passengers, personal and baggage screening system. Implementation of the Integrated Security System (ISS) was slow. ISS was not implemented in any station till March 2011.

Escorting the trains was left to the local Railway Administration and the same was based on manpower availability, threat perception of area and importance of the train.

Crime rate has more than doubled in the last five years. The reporting of crime committed on trains is a serious problem. In many instances FIR forms were not available with the coach attendants.

The track patrolling was being carried out sporadically on the basis of threat perception and availability of manpower. Further, Rail Roko agitations have resulted in large scale disruption to rail traffic as well as damage to Railway property. Audit also observed that armed guards were not posted at the GM’s offices as well as workshops and station yards checked by Audit.

The Railways and the State Governments appear to be very slow in filling up the existing vacancies (7,174 and 6,335 in RPF and GRP respectively as on 31.3.2010) or redeploying man power for meeting the challenge of increased threat. Railways are reluctant to outsource security even in non core areas to private agencies.

A surprise check carried out at one high risk station in each zone on one day in collaboration with officers of RPF revealed the lack of seriousness in the approach of the IR towards security of its passengers.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

111

No attempt has been made by them to control access to even high risk stations which is the first step towards ensuring security. The surveillance equipment installed is either faulty or incorrectly placed resulting in gaps in the system.

Status Report on Pending Action Taken Notes (ATNs) (As on 30.06.2011)

 

 

 

 

No. of Paras/PA Reports on which ATNs are

 

 

 

 

pending

 

 

 

Year

No. of

No. of

No. of

No. of

No. of ATNs

No. of ATNs

ATNs

 

Reports

Paras/PA

Paras/PA

ATNs

received but

which have

pending

 

presented

Reports

Reports

not

returned with

been finally

with

 

to

included

on which

received

observations

vetted

Audit

 

Parliament

in the

ATNs

from the

and Audit is

by Audit

 

 

 

Audit

have been

Ministry

awaiting their

but have

 

 

 

Report

submitted

even for

resubmission

not been

 

 

 

 

to PAC

the first

by the

submitted

 

 

 

 

after

time

Ministry

by the

 

 

 

 

vetting by

 

 

Ministry to

 

 

 

 

Audit

 

 

PAC

 

1995-96

1

85

84

-

-

-

1

1996-97

1

95

94

-

-

1

-

1997-98

1

96

95

-

-

-

1

1998-99

1

106

101

-

1

3

1

1999-00

1

101

98

-

1

1

1

2000-01

2

101

97

-

2

-

2

2001-02

2

101

89

-

5

-

7

2002-03

2

110

100

-

1

4

5

2003-04

2

114

101

-

8

1

4

2004-05

2

105

90

-

3

3

9

2005-06

3

138

114

-

9

1

14

2006-07

3

165

89

-

24

3

49

2007-08

2

172

90

-

37

7

38

2008-09

2

104

34

-

34

7

29

Total

25

1,593

1,276

-

125

31

161

112

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Financial Statements

& Operating Statistics

Contents

 

Financial Statements

 

Consolidated Profit and Loss Account..................................................................

114

Statements Supplementary to Profit and Loss Account:

 

Gross Traffic Receipts ..........................................................................................

114

Ordinary Working Expenses .................................................................................

115

Contribution to Reserve Funds .............................................................................

115

Dividend and Other Payments to General Revenues.............................................

115

Balance Sheet ......................................................................................................

116

Value of Railway Assets ........................................................................................

118

Railways’ Contribution to the Plan—Source of Funds/Application of Funds..........

120

Capital-At-Charge .................................................................................................

122

Subsidy from General Revenues ..........................................................................

123

Loans for Development Fund and Capital Fund ..................................................

123

Operating Statistics

 

Assets .................................................................................................................

124

Operation ...........................................................................................................

125

Traffic and Earnings ............................................................................................

126

Utilisation of Rolling Stock ..................................................................................

128

General................................................................................................................

129

Statistical Summary—Indian Railways

 

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Financial Statements

 

 

 

I

Consolidated Profit and Loss Account: 2010-11

 

 

 

2009-10

Supporting

 

2010-11

Supporting

 

(` in crore)

Statement

 

 

(` in crore)

Statement

86,963.97

IA

Gross Traffic Receipts

94,535.63

IA

 

 

 

Ordinary Working Expenses

68,139.22

IB

 

 

 

65,810.35

IB

(including Payment to Worked Lines)

 

 

 

Contribution to Reserve Funds

 

 

 

17,105.00

IC

(Depreciation Reserve Fund and Pension

21,335.00

IC

 

 

 

Fund)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

82,915.35

 

Total Working Expenses

 

89,474.22

 

4,048.62

 

Net Traffic Receipts (Operating Profit)

5,061.41

 

1,495.47

 

Miscellaneous Transactions (Net)

1,284.73

 

5,544.09

 

Net Revenue (Gross Profit)

 

6,346.14

 

 

 

 

Less

 

 

 

5,543.34

ID

(a) Dividend and other Payments

4,941.25

ID

 

 

 

to General Revenues

 

 

 

 

–

 

(b) Payment to Deferred Dividend

 

–

 

 

 

 

Liability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(+)0.75*

 

Excess (+)/Shortfall (–)

(

+)1,404.89

 

*The excess was appropriated to Development fund

**The excess was appropriated to Development Fund and Capital Fund.

Statements Supplementary to Profit and Loss Account

2009-10

IA

Gross Traffic Receipts

2010-11

 

IA

(` crore)

(Provisional)

Coaching Earnings

(` crore)

(Provisional)

 

 

Passenger Traffic

 

 

 

# —

 

Full fares

# —

 

 

# —

23,488.17

Less than full fares

# —

25,792.63

 

 

Parcels and other coaching traffic

 

 

 

1,204.92

 

Parcels

1,327.62

 

 

83.18

 

Luggage

86.42

 

 

947.02

2,235.12

Others

1,055.80

2,469.84

 

 

Goods Earnings

 

 

 

24,588.82

 

Coal, Coke etc.

26,293.29

 

 

33,354.63

 

General Merchandise

35,956.93

 

 

661.30

 

Other Traffic

624.15

 

 

989.66

 

Wharfage and Demurrage

1,332.18

 

 

1,092.73

58,501.68

Less refunds

1,361.83

62,844.72

 

2,879.68

Miscellaneous (Sundry)

 

3,418.27

 

 

other earnings

 

 

 

 

 

Total Gross Earnings

 

94,525.46

 

87,104.65

 

 

(–)140.68

Suspense (Bills receivable)

 

 

(+)10.17

 

 

Gross Traffic Receipts

 

 

 

 

 

 

94,535.63

 

 

(Actually realised)

 

 

86,963.97

 

# Figures not available

114

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

2009-10

 

Percentage

 

2010-11

 

Percentage

(` in crore)

 

to total

 

(` in crore)

 

to total

 

 

I B

Ordinary Working Expenses

 

 

I B

4,522.33

6.87

General Superintendence and Services

4,322.69

6.34

7,419.15

11.27

Repairs and Maintenance

7,306.57

10.72

 

 

 

of Permanent Way and Works

 

 

 

3,413.02

5.19

Repairs and Maintenance of Motive

3,350.12

4.92

 

 

 

Power

 

 

 

7,698.28

11.70

Repairs and Maintenance of Carriages

7,587.20

11.13

 

 

 

and Wagons

 

 

 

4,279.03

6.50

Repairs and Maintenance of Plant and

4,130.33

6.06

 

 

 

Equipment

 

 

 

5,816.78

8.84

Operating Expenses–Rolling Stock and

5,975.49

8.77

 

 

 

Equipment

 

 

 

11,603.40

17.63

Operating Expenses–Traffic

11,739.59

17.23

14,555.27

22.12

Operating Expenses–Fuel

16,747.67

24.58

3,353.52

5.10

Staff Welfare and Amenities

3,552.65

5.21

2,939.41

4.47

Miscellaneous Working Expenses

3,055.36

4.48

287.88

0.44

Provident Fund, Pension and other

312.08

0.46

 

 

 

Retirement Benefits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

65,888.07

 

 

Gross Expenditure

68,079.75

 

 

(–)77.72

(-)0.12

Suspense (Bills payable)

(+)59.47

(+)0.09

 

 

 

Ordinary Working Expenses

 

 

 

65,810.35

 

 

(Actually disbursed)

68,139.22

 

 

 

 

IC

 

 

 

IC

 

 

 

Contribution to Reserve Funds

 

 

 

2,187.00

 

 

Depreciation Reserve Fund

5,515.00

 

 

14,918.00

 

 

Pension Fund

15,820.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,105.00

 

 

 

21,335.00

 

 

 

 

ID

 

 

 

ID

 

5,517.61

Dividend and Other Payments to

 

4,915.52

 

 

 

General Revenues

 

 

 

23.12

 

 

Dividend Paid (Current)

23.12

 

 

2.61

25.73

Other Payments to General Revenues in

2.61

25.73

 

 

 

lieu of tax on Passengers fares

 

 

 

 

 

 

On account of assistance to Railway

 

 

 

 

 

 

Safety Fund

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,543.34

Total Dividend payable

 

 

4,941.25

 

 

–

Deferred Dividend paid

 

 

–

 

5,543.34

Net Dividend paid

 

4,941.25

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

115

Balance Sheet

 

(Provisional)

 

 

 

 

 

 

As on March 31,

 

 

As on March 31,

 

2010 (` in crore)

 

 

2011 (` in crore)

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A.

Loan Capital

 

 

 

 

 

* 93,779.71

 

(advanced by General Exchequer)

# 1,11,614.40

 

 

 

(Supporting statement V(a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B.

Investment Financed from

 

 

 

 

 

35,346.05

 

Railway Capital Fund

38,675.93

35,459.69

 

Depreciation Reserve Fund

38,866.61

17,668.87

 

Development Fund

20,223.82

3,243.48

 

Railway Safety Fund

4,343.77

15,756.06

 

Special Railway Safety Fund

15,756.05

1,130.50

 

Revenue

1,166.29

931.01

 

Miscellaneous other sources

 

968.38

1,09,535.66

 

 

 

1,20,000.85

 

 

C.

Reserves

 

 

 

 

 

4.99

 

Depreciation Reserve Fund

18.89

5.43

 

Development Fund

(-) 1,213.34

1.24

 

Pension Fund

5.33

2,438.20

 

Railway Capital Fund

(-) 885.71

2,582.20

 

Railway Safety Fund

2,417.34

 

–

 

Special Railway Safety Fund

 

 

 

 

–

5,032.06

 

 

 

342.51

 

 

D.

Deposits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19,553.15

 

(i)

State Railway Provident Fund

21,965.33

** 7,494.13

 

(ii)

Miscellaneous Deposits

##8,605.14

332.37

 

(iii) F. Loan & Advances

 

285.62

27,379.65

 

 

 

30,856.09

 

 

E.

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

1,832.34

 

(i)

Undischarged (Demands payable)

2,123.56

 

1,355.13

 

(ii) Outstanding dues payable to other

1,496.22

3,187.47

 

 

Government Departments

3,619.78

 

 

 

 

2,38,914.55

 

Grand Total

 

2,66,433.63

*Excludes ` 5,941.59 crore of MTPs, ` 480.15 crore of Circular Railway and ` 11,954.00 crore Appropriation to SRSF and includes ` 6,125.06 crore of Udhampur-Srinagar/ Baramula Project(National Investment).

**Net liability to end of March 2010 includes ` 8.78 crore and ` 191.09 crore recoverable from Pakistan and Bangladesh Railways respectively.

#Excludes ` 6,491.60 crore of MTPs, ` 480.27 crore of Circular Railways and ` 11,954.00 crore Appropriation to SRSF and includes ` 7,069.75 crore of Udhampur-Srinagar/ Baramula project (National Investment).

##Net liability to end of March 2011 includes ` 8.38 crore and ` 197.57 crore recoverable from Pakistan and Bangladesh Railways respectively.

116

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

 

 

 

 

 

II

As on March

 

As on March

31, 2010

 

 

31, 2011

(` in crore)

 

 

(` in crore)

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

F.

Block Assets

 

 

 

 

(i)

Fixed Assets

 

 

 

4,250.65

 

Land

4,833.30

1,15,667.51

 

Buildings and track

1,33,813.73

40,055.44

 

Rolling stock

47,195.27

29,102.05

 

Plant and equipment

32,772.18

—

 

Miscellaneous assets

 

 

—

1,89,075.65

 

 

2,18,614.48

 

(ii)

Investments

 

 

 

2,919.63

 

Inventory

2,844.02

 

 

Works in progress

 

 

 

1,050.48

 

(Workshops manufacture)

940.66

4,031.41

 

Miscellaneous Advance (Capital)

 

816.68

8,001.52

 

 

4,601.36

 

(iii)

Investment in other undertakings

 

 

 

—

Shares in road transport undertakings

 

 

—

6,238.20

 

Other Government undertakings

 

8,399.41

2,03,315.37

 

Total Block Assets

2,31,615.25

 

G.

Funds lying with

 

 

 

 

 

Central Government

 

 

 

32,411.71

 

(Contra-items C and D)

31,198.60

 

H.

Current Assets

 

 

 

929.83

 

Sundry debtors

1,280.53

 

 

Outstanding dues from other

122.58

77.84

 

Government Departments

1,151.11

 

Outstanding traffic earnings

1,170.41

811.79

 

Cash in hand

858.83

216.90

 

Demands recoverable

187.43

 

 

Grand Total

 

2,38,914.55

 

 

2,66,433.63

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

117

 

 

 

Gross book value on 31st March, 2010

 

(` in crore)

 

 

 

Capital

 

Capital

Improve-

Revenue

 

U.S.

Railway

 

Special

 

 

 

at-charge

 

Fund

 

ment

 

Works

Machin-

 

Safety

 

Railway

 

 

 

(Compris-

 

 

 

element

 

 

ery and

 

Fund

 

Safety

 

 

 

ing loan/

 

 

in assets

 

 

 

other

 

 

 

Fund

 

 

 

account)

 

 

created by

 

 

Miscel-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

charge to

 

 

laneous

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Depre-

 

 

 

Tools

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ciation Re-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

serve Fund

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

created out

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of Develop-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ment Fund

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Land

 

 

3,628.44

380.55

165.45

2.71

 

—

44.32

29.17

Structural Engineering Works

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stations and offices

 

4,490.47

1,269.34

5,996.17

302.83

 

—

226.00

205.61

Workshops

and

stores

4,244.71

407.49

1,740.07

122.95

 

—

16.44

49.76

buildings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential buildings

 

2,454.14

362.16

1,689.70

74.39

 

—

69.85

45.27

Track

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Formation

 

 

13,483.82

7,656.96

5,452.32

108.85

0.01

749.05

1,979.88

Permanent way materials

21,010.44

6,144.79

16,333.76

135.32

0.27

430.00

6,564.13

Bridges

 

 

4,957.21

1,638.93

3,101.95

42.30

 

—

702.90

1,407.29

Rolling Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Locomotives

and

spare

5,460.40

5,536.24

5,031.10

13.79

 

—

81.19

1,145.29

boilers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carriages including

Rail

4,119.81

1,971.39

2,388.42

1.75

 

—

0.17

684.05

Cars and E.M.U. Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wagons

 

 

3,413.10

1,828.79

1,978.20

5.53

 

—

1.04

983.81

Ferries

 

 

82.80

22.02

2.72

0.01

 

—

 

—

 

—

Rail-cum-road services

2,556.72

1,677.23

323.37

24.06

0.23

467.55

63.09

Road motor cars and carriers

2.30

189.00

 

—

 

—

 

—

0.08

 

—

for public traffic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equipment (Machinery and Plant)

12,411.88

4,419.16

8,917.75

295.81

3.85

454.90

2,598.70

Suspense (Floating

Assets

like

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories and stores holdings)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stores suspense

 

2,919.63

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

Manufacture suspense

 

1,050.48

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

Miscellaneous advances

9,518.93

 

—

 

—

 

—

926.65

 

—

 

—

Investment in shares of

 

2,087.51

 

—

7.57

0.01

 

—

 

—

 

—

Government commercial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

undertakings–Road services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in shares of

 

2,308.66

1,842.00

0.01

0.01

 

—

 

—

 

—

Government commercial and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

public undertakings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

**1,00,201.45

35,346.05

53,128.56

1,130.32

931.01

3,243.49

15,756.05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note : ** Includes ` 5,941.59 crore of Metropolitan Transport Projects (Railways), ` 480.15 crore of Circular Railway and ` 6,215.06 crore of Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramula Project (National Investment) and excludes ` 11,954.00 crore appropriation to SRSF.

118

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

 

 

 

 

Gross book value on 31st March, 2011

 

 

 

III

 

 

 

 

 

(` in crore)

 

 

 

 

Capital

 

Capital

Improve-

Revenue

 

U.S.

 

Railway

 

Special

 

 

 

 

at-charge

 

Fund

 

ment

 

Works

Machin-

 

Safety

 

Railway

 

 

 

 

(Compris-

 

 

element

 

 

ery and

 

Fund

 

Safety

 

 

 

 

ing loan/

 

 

in assets

 

 

 

other

 

 

 

Fund

 

 

 

 

account)

 

 

created by

 

 

Miscel-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

charge to

 

 

laneous

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the De-

 

 

 

Tools

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

preciation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reserve

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fund and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

value of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

assets cre-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ated out of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Develop-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ment Fund

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Land

 

 

4,196.36

380.83

177.56

3.05

 

—

46.33

29.17

Structural Engineering Works

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stations and offices

 

6,392.93

1,258.22

7,031.26

301.43

 

—

249.51

205.61

Workshops

and

stores

4,946.62

407.44

2,044.98

124.86

 

—

23.96

49.76

buildings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential buildings

 

2,690.53

362.16

1,833.02

75.48

 

—

83.57

45.27

Track

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Formation

 

 

20,746.72

7,930.38

5,852.17

111.67

0.28

1,078.46

2,008.59

Permanent way materials

23,030.68

6,180.48

17,829.48

143.50

 

—

564.49

6,451.75

Bridges

 

 

6,284.89

1,638.93

3,306.40

36.80

 

—

1,052.61

1,438.84

Rolling Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Locomotives

and

spare

7,692.29

6,661.35

5,101.04

3.89

 

—

16.92

1,085.41

boilers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carriages including

Rail

4,893.47

2,307.90

2,547.46

1.75

 

—

0.17

691.99

Cars and E.M.U. Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wagons

 

 

3,715.71

2,082.15

2,270.79

5.53

 

—

1.04

1,007.70

Ferries

 

 

204.15

15.46

22.32

0.01

 

—

 

—

 

—

Rail-cum-road services

951.24

0.80

389.30

25.42

0.23

545.60

79.17

Road motor cars and carriers

2,052.25

2,402.02

247.52

10.59

 

—

112.25

50.38

for public traffic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equipment (Machinery and Plant)

14,294.20

4,541.02

10,429.55

322.29

3.85

568.86

2,612.41

Suspense (Floating

Assets

like

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories and stores holdings)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stores suspense

 

2,844.02

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

Manufacture suspense

 

940.66

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

Miscellaneous advances

6,796.43

20.53

7.57

0.01

 

—

 

—

 

—

Investment in shares of

 

3,604.49

2,486.27

0.01

0.01

 

—

 

—

 

—

Government commercial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

undertakings–Road services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in shares of

 

2,308.63

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

Government commercial and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

public undertakings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

**1,18,586.27

38,675.94

59,090.43

1,166.29

4.36

4,343.77

15,756.05

Note : ** Includes ` 6,491.60 crore of Metropolitan Transport Projects (Railways), ` 480.27 crore of Circular Railway and ` 7,069.75 crore of Udhampur-Srinagar Baramulla Project (National Investment) and excludes ` 11,954.00 crore

appropriation to SRSF.

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

119

Railways’ Contribution to the Plan: Sources/Application of Funds

2009-10 (` in crore)

SOURCE OF FUNDS

2010-11 (` in crore)

 

Internal Resources Generation

 

 

0.75

Excess(+) for the year

1,404.89

 

Contribution from Revenues and Capital to

 

 

 

Reserve Funds

 

 

2,287.00

Depreciation Reserve Fund

5,615.00

–

Spl. Railway Safety Fund

 

–

–

Capital Fund

 

–

(–) 1,575.15

Pension Fund (Net)

11.48

40.56

Open Line Works financed from Revenues

35.84

553.86

Interest on Fund Balances

 

(–)64.53

1,307.02

Total Internal Cash Generation

 

7,002.68

 

Borrowing From General Revenues

 

 

 

(Interest bearing)

 

 

*15,416.49

(a) On Capital account

@ 16,889.96

 

(b) As Temporary Loans:

 

 

–

(i) Reserve Fund

 

–

–

(ii) Development Fund

 

–

–

(iii) Capital Fund

 

–

 

Contribution From General Revenues

 

 

 

(Non-interest bearing)

 

 

–

On account of SRSF

1,071.36

On account of RSF

 

Total contribution received from the

16,487.85

General Revenues

 

Total Source of Funds

17,794.87

 

 

*Excludes ` 614.81 crore pertaining to MTPs & Circular Railway and ` `879.55 crore (Udhampur-Srinagar- Baramula).

–

935.42

17,825.38

24,828.06

@Excludes ` 550.13 crore pertaining to MTPs & Circular Railway and ` 944.69 crore (Udhampur-Srinagar- Baramula).

120

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

 

 

IV

2009-10

APPLICATION OF FUNDS

2010-11

(` in crore)

 

(` in crore)

 

Acquisition of new assets and

 

 

replacement of existing assets

 

 

Acquisition Charged to:

 

15,416.49

Capital

16,889.96

3,282.74

Railway Capital Fund

3,329.85

3,141.48

Development Fund

2,576.59

805.24

Railway Safety Fund

1,100.27

—

Special Railway Safety Fund

—

40.56

Open Line Works (Revenue)

35.84

5,731.19

Replacement Charged to

5,585.12

 

Depreciation Reserve Fund

 

28,417.70

Total Investment

29,517.63

 

Repayment of loans obtained for:

 

–

Development Fund

–

–

Railway Capital Fund

–

 

Interest paid on temporary loans

 

–

Development Fund

–

–

Railway Capital Fund

–

(–)10,622.83

Increase(+)/Decrease(–)

(–)4,689.57

 

in Funds Balances

 

17,794.87

Total Application of Funds

24,828.06

 

Note:

 

15,654.89

Opening balance in all Funds as on 1st April

5,032.08

5,032.06

Closing balance as on 31st March

342.51

 

Increase(+)/Decrease (–)

 

 

 

 

(–)10,622.83

in balance comprised of:

(–)4,689.57

 

 

 

(–)3,331.20

Depreciation Reserve Fund

13.96

(–)3,018.35

Development Fund

(–)1,218.90

(–)1,523.55

Pension Fund

4.09

(–)3,015.85

Railway Capital Fund

(–)3,323.87

266.12

Railway Safety Fund

(–)164.85

–

Special Railway Safety Fund

–

 

Total

 

(–)10,622.83

(–)4,689.57

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

121

Capital-At-Charge

 

V (a)

2009-10

Capital Liabilities

2010-11

(` in crore)

 

(` in crore)

87,654.64

Capital-at-charge as on 31st March

1,04,544.64

 

Less:

 

7,708.27

79,946.37

5,543.34

7.00

7,708.24

0.03

7,708.27

65,898.39

1,510.66

12,537.32

79,946.37

Capital qualifying for exemption from payment of Dividend

Capital on which Dividend is payable

Total amount of dividend and other payments to General Revenues

Average borrowing rate or least rate as on 31st March (%)

Notes:

The details of Capital qualifying for exemption from payment of Dividend are as follows:

50% of the net Capital outlay during the year

Capital contributed by the companies

Break-up of Capital liable for payment of Dividend at different rates:

Capital upto 31st March, 2010 on which Dividend is paid at 7 %

Capital on residential buildings payable at 3.5%

Capital relating to New Lines other than those taken up on other than financial

considerations taken on or after 1st April, 1955

Total Capital on which Dividend is payable

8,445.01

96,099.63

4,941.25

6.00

8,444.98

0.03

8,445.01

78,482.10

1,614.80

16,002.73

96,099.63

122

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Subsidy from General Revenues

 

 

 

 

V(b)

2009-10

* Subsidy on:

 

 

 

2010-11

(` in crore)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(` in crore)

33.51

— Capital cost of Strategic Lines

 

 

29.15

1.24

—

Full cost of Kiriburu-Bimalgarh and

 

1.07

 

 

 

Sambhalpur-Titagarh

 

 

 

 

680.75

—

 

Capital-at-charge on non-strategic

 

717.67

 

 

 

portion of Northeast Frontier Railway

 

 

45.68

—

Capital cost of unremunerative Branch

 

40.59

 

 

 

Lines

 

 

 

 

 

6.65

—

Capital cost of New Lines constructed on or

 

5.55

 

 

 

after April 1, 1955 on other than financial

 

 

 

 

 

considerations

 

 

 

 

844.10

—

Capital cost of New lines other than those

 

931.43

 

 

 

constructed on or after April 1, 1955 on

 

 

 

 

 

other than financial considerations

 

 

455.13

—

Outlay on works-in-progress for a period of

 

589.68

 

 

 

3 years

 

 

 

 

 

3.65

— Works in progress: Residential buildings

 

3.58

0.19

— Capital cost of ferries

 

 

 

0.16

25.44

— Capital cost of welfare buildings

 

 

23.14

59.60

—

Gauge Conversion on strategic

 

 

73.47

 

 

 

consideration

 

 

 

 

(–)0.07

—

 

Arrears adjustment

 

 

 

(–)377.85

2,155.87

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

2,037.64

* Commenced on April 1, 1979

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans for Development Fund and Railway Capital Fund

V (c)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Particulars

 

 

 

Devel-

 

Railway

 

(` in

 

 

 

 

opment

 

Capital

 

crore)

 

 

 

 

Fund

 

Fund

 

Total

 

 

2009-10 2010-11

2009-10

2010-11

2009-10 2010-11

Opening balance

 

 

—

—

—

—

—

—

Loans taken during the year

 

—

—

—

—

—

—

Repayment during the year

 

 

—

—

—

—

—

—

Closing balance

 

 

—

—

—

—

—

—

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

123

Operating Statistics

 

 

 

VIA

Assets

2009-10

 

 

 

2010-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

B.G.

M.G.

Total

Route/Track-kms. (000)

B.G.

M.G.

Total

 

 

including

Route kms.

 

 

including

 

 

N.G.

 

 

 

N.G.

18.93

—

18.93

Electrified

19.61

—

19.61

54.26

7.18

63.97

Total

55.19

6.81

64.46

 

 

 

Running track kms

36.01

 

36.01

35.81

—

35.81

Electrified

—

76.76

7.79

87.09

Total

77.42

7.22

87.11

 

 

 

Total track kms

49.46

 

49.46

48.64

—

48.64

Electrified

—

101.49

9.29

113.62

Total

102.72

8.56

114.04

6,320

543

7,083

Number of stations

6,393

490

7,133

 

 

 

Rolling Stock (in units)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Locomotives

 

30

43

—

29

42

Steam

—

263

—

399

Diesel Hydraulic & Mechanical

218

—

353

4,279

340

4,623

Diesel Electric

4,470

310

4,784

3,825

—

3,825

Electric

4,033

—

4,033

 

 

 

Passenger Carriages

42,286

2,178

45,089

*40,497

2,378

*43,526

Loco hauled

4,501

—

4,501

E.M.U. Trailers

4,907

—

4,907

2,264

—

2,264

E.M.U. Motor Coaches

2,427

—

2,427

*698

24

*722

DEMU / DHMU

739

24

763

*13

13

*37

Rail Cars

13

12

34

 

 

 

Seats/Berths(000)

351.3

0.5

351.8

333.0

0.7

333.7

Air-conditioned

52.5

0.1

52.6

Air-conditioned Chair Car

61.1

0.1

61.2

7.2

1.0

8.9

1st Class

7.1

1.2

9.2

2,618.5

169.1

2,810.6

2nd Class

2,698.6

123.4

2,844.3

814.8

—

814.8

E.M.U. Trailers (all classes)

958.7

—

958.7

379.5

—

379.5

E.M.U.Motor Coaches(all classes)

408.2

—

408.2

66.8

1.3

68.1

DEMU / DHMU

72.7

2.2

74.9

1.0

0.8

2.5

Rail Cars (all classes)

0.9

0.7

2.1

*3,864

310

*4,270

Other Coaching Vehicles (in units)

4,095

289

4,475

 

 

 

(including Brake Vans)

1,832

155

2,018

*1,997

176

*2,207

Railway Service Vehicles (in units)

 

 

 

Goods wagons (000)

58.3

2.4

60.7

54.0

3.0

57.1

Covered wagons

119.4

0.5

120.0

Open wagons

127.8

0.5

128.3

30.2

0.9

31.1

Live-stock wagons, wagons for

26.7

0.8

27.5

 

 

 

explosives, timber rail wagons, tank

 

 

 

 

 

 

and misc. wagons

12.6

0.3

12.9

10.8

0.3

11.1

Departmental wagons (including

 

 

 

brake vans)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ferry Stock

 

 

 

—

—

—

Power Vessel

—

—

—

—

—

—

Dump Craft

—

—

—

* revised

 

 

 

 

 

 

124

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Operation

 

 

 

 

 

VIB

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Figures in million)

 

2009-10

 

 

 

2010-11

B.G.

M.G.

Total including

Train-kms.

B.G.

M.G.

Total including

 

 

N.G.

Passenger and proportion of mixed

 

 

N.G.

—

0.01

0.03

Steam

—

0.02

0.03

269.21

20.26

296.95

Diesel

283.33

18.31

310.66

228.69

—

228.69

Electric

239.52

—

239.52

*69.03

—

*69.03

Electric Multiple Units

73.25

—

73.25

*17.63

—

*17.63

MEMU

17.93

—

17.93

0.64

0.03

0.67

DHMU

0.74

—

0.74

11.44

0.05

11.49

DEMU

11.47

0.12

11.59

—

—

0.43

Rail Cars

—

—

0.39

0.40

0.22

0.62

Rail Bus

0.38

0.19

0.57

 

 

 

Goods and proportion of mixed

—

—

—

—

—

—

Steam

127.74

*1.12

*128.86

Diesel

133.41

1.31

134.72

227.07

—

227.07

Electric

233.77

—

233.77

 

 

 

Departmental

—

—

—

—

—

—

Steam

4.85

*0.3

*5.04

Diesel

4.96

0.02

5.12

1.23

—

1.23

Electric

0.79

—

0.79

0.28

—

0.28

Electric Multiple Units

0.26

—

0.26

0.12

—

0.12

MEMU

0.15

—

0.15

 

 

 

Shunting and other engine kms.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shunting

—

—

—

—

*—

—

Steam

50.24

1.53

52.59

Diesel

50.15

1.69

52.70

11.61

—

11.61

Electric

12.30

—

12.30

 

 

 

Light, assisting required, assisting not required,

 

 

 

 

 

 

siding and departmental

—

—

—

—

—

—

Steam

77.08

0.72

*77.81

Diesel

78.62

0.92

79.55

*88.32

—

*88.32

Electric

104.48

—

104.48

 

 

 

Engine kms. (excl. EMUs & Rail Cars)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Passenger and proportion of mixed

—

0.02

0.04

—

0.1

0.04

Steam

295.48

21.11

*324.88

Diesel

310.72

19.48

340.11

232.22

—

*232.23

Electric

246.42

—

246.42

 

 

 

Goods and proportion of mixed

—

—

—

—

—

0.01

Steam

226.72

*2.49

*230.02

Diesel

232.57

2.67

236.10

323.34

—

*323.33

Electric

343.42

—

343.42

 

 

 

Departmental

—

0.02

0.02

—

0.03

0.03

Steam

6.92

*0.20

*7.14

Diesel

7.18

0.21

7.40

*1.36

—

*1.36

Electric

1.02

—

1.02

 

 

 

Total

—

0.04

0.06

—

0.04

*0.09

Steam

529.12

*23.80

*562.04

Diesel

550.47

22.36

583.61

*556.92

—

*556.92

Electric

590.86

—

590.86

 

 

 

Vehicle kms. (8-wheelers)

17,103.80

362.35

17,608.09

*16,246.5

*401.64

*16,764.42

Coaching Vehicles

*1,342.82

—

*1,342.82

Electric Multiple Units Coaches

1,438.52

—

1,438.52

*420.09

—

*420.09

MEMU

431.49

—

431.49

7.72

0.17

7.89

DHMU

8.84

—

8.84

140.63

0.33

140.96

DEMU

156.61

0.70

157.31

—

—

1.22

Rail Cars

—

—

1.00

0.40

0.22

0.62

Rail Bus

0.38

0.19

0.57

 

 

 

Wagon kms. (8-wheelers for 2009-10)

11,795.25

15.61

11,810.86

11,310.74

14.98

11,325.72

Loaded

17,032.80

30.53

17,063.33

Total

17,718.91

30.49

17,749.40

66.4

49.1

66.4

% age of loaded to total

66.6

51.2

66.5

* revised

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

125

Traffic and Earnings

 

 

 

 

VIC

 

2009-10

 

Passenger Traffic

 

2010-11

B.G.

M.G.

Total including

Passengers originating (millions)

B.G.

M.G.

Total including

 

 

N.G.

Suburban

 

 

N.G.

 

 

 

245.8

—

245.8

233.9

—

233.9

1st Class

3,641.5

—

3,641.5

2nd Class

3,815.2

—

3,815.2

3,875.4

—

3,875.4

Total Suburban

4,061.0

—

4,061.0

 

 

 

Non-suburban

2.6

—

2.6

2.3

—

2.3

A.C. First Class

17.3

0.1

17.4

A.C. Sleeper

19.4

0.1

19.5

45.0

—

45.0

A.C. 3-Tier

53.3

—

53.3

7.0

0.1

7.1

1st Class

7.6

0.1

7.7

14.4

—

14.6

A.C. Chair Car

16.6

—

16.7

 

 

 

Sleeper Class

264.5

2.8

267.3

247.0

2.2

249.2

Mail/Express

7.1

0.1

7.2

Ordinary

8.3

0.1

8.4

 

 

 

2nd Class

762.9

7.0

770.5

719.5

6.7

726.7

Mail/Express

2,148.1

133.8

2,300.9

Ordinary

2,283.5

140.5

2,444.1

3,207.7

142.9

3,370.4

Total Non-suburban

3,418.7

150.6

3,590.1

7,083.1

142.9

7,245.8

Total Suburban and Non-suburban

7,479.7

150.6

7,651.1

 

 

 

Passenger kms. (millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Suburban

8,886

—

8,886

8,391

—

8,391

1st Class

1,22,526

—

1,22,526

2nd Class

1,28,241

—

1,28,241

1,30,917

—

1,30,917

Total Suburban

1,37,127

—

1,37,127

 

 

 

Non-suburban

1,436

—

1,436

1,260

—

1,260

A.C. First Class

13,558

32

13,590

A.C. Sleeper

14,084

20

14,104

33,053

—

33,053

A.C. 3-Tier

38,187

—

38,187

1,799

33

1,835

1st Class

2,012

9

2,024

5,404

—

5,444

A.C. Chair Car

6,430

—

6,451

 

 

 

Sleeper Class

2,05,358

679

2,06,039

1,88,662

852

1,89,515

Mail/Express

2,850

47

2,897

Ordinary

2,850

39

2,889

 

 

 

2nd Class

2,89,675

1,952

2,91,704

2,68,736

2,098

2,70,909

Mail/Express

2,41,076

12,094

2,54,045

Ordinary

2,60,458

17,129

2,78,547

7,56,398

15,156

7,72,548

Total Non-suburban

8,20,490

19,828

8,41,381

8,87,315

15,156

9,03,465

Total Suburban and Non-suburban

9,57,617

19,828

9,78,508

 

 

 

Average lead (kms.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Suburban

36.2

—

36.2

35.9

—

35.9

1st Class

33.6

—

33.6

2nd Class

33.6

—

33.6

33.8

—

38.8

Total Suburban

33.8

—

33.8

 

 

 

Non-suburban

542.8

—

546.9

543.8

—

547.5

A.C. First Class

771.8

220.5

782.4

A.C. Sleeper

711.5

155.3

721.1

731.4

—

733.9

A.C. 3-Tier

714.1

—

717.2

254.9

578.4

259.1

1st Class

262.1

158.2

262.5

374.3

—

373.8

A.C. Chair Car

386.6

—

386.5

 

 

 

Sleeper Class

767.6

184.2

770.8

755.6

267.3

760.6

Mail/Express

401.6

233.2

401.5

Ordinary

342.5

251.9

342.2

 

 

 

2nd Class

375.5

175.7

378.6

369.3

191.4

372.8

Mail/Express

110.5

82.1

110.4

Ordinary

112.4

110.2

114.0

232.6

93.6

229.2

Total Non-suburban

236.9

116.3

234.4

124.5

93.6

124.7

Total Suburban and Non-suburban

127.3

116.3

127.9

* revised

 

 

 

 

 

 

126

INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2010-11

Traffic and Earnings

 

 

 

2010-11

VIC

 

2009-10

 

 

 

 

B.G.

M.G.

Total including

 

B.G.

M.G.

Total including

 

 

N.G.

Passenger Earnings (` crore)

 

 

N.G.

 

 

 

Suburban

250.93

—

250.93

235.29

—

235.29

1st Class

1,433.75

—

1,433.75

2nd Class

1,535.35

—

1,535.35

1,669.04

—

1,669.04

Total Suburban

1,786.28

—

1,786.28

 

 

 

Non-suburban

351.31

—

351.31

*303.21

—

304.24

A.C. First Class

1,543.09

4.79